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ANTH 1030 - The New World

by: Jazmine Beckstrand

ANTH 1030 - The New World ANTH 1030-001

Marketplace > University of Utah > ANTH > ANTH 1030-001 > ANTH 1030 The New World
Jazmine Beckstrand
The U
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover the material presented in the lectures and assigned readings for the seventh week of class.
World Prehistory: Introduction
Brian Codding
Class Notes
Anthropology, Prehistory, Archaeology, new, world, homo, sapiens
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jazmine Beckstrand on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1030-001 at University of Utah taught by Brian Codding in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see World Prehistory: Introduction in ANTH at University of Utah.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
ANTH 1030 – The New World Definitions Key Concepts Locations * = on exam Broken Mammoth, Mead, and Swan Point sites (pg. 149)  First settlement in Alaska  Stratified occupation layers with stone tools and animal bones  Earliest occupation to about 11,700 B.C.  "Northern Paleo-Indian" traditions Dry Creek I (pg. 149)  First settlement in Alaska  11,500 B.C.  Cobble and flake tools  Broken blades, think bifacial knives, and points  Dry Creek II  8,700 B.C.  Microblades and other artifacts associated with such technology  "Northern Paleo-Indian" traditions Walker Road (pg. 149)  First settlement in Alaska  11,400-11,100 B.C.  Cultural occupation, stratigraphic position, and age are similar to Dry Creek I.  Small bifacial points and scrappers  No microblades  "Northern Paleo-Indian" traditions Note: Biological anthropologist Christy Turner points out that ancient Americans display fewer variations in their dental morphology than do eastern Asians.  Sinodonty - a pattern of dental features that includes incisor shoveling, single-tooted upper first premolars, triple-rooted lower first molars, and other attributes.  Occurs only in northern Asia and the Americas. North America (pg. 153)  Meadowcroft (13,000-14,000? B.C.)  Debra L. Friedkin site (11,100-10,800 B.C.)  Cactus Hill (14,600-13,000 B.C.)  Paisley 5 Mile Point (10,300 B.C.) Central and South America (pg. 153)  Monte Verde (11,800-12,000 B.C.) Major Hypotheses to explain the outcome of Neanderthal-Modern Humans  Climate  Acculturation  Introgression  Competitive exclusion  Other Hypotheses  Disease  Warfare  Indirect replacement (?) Denisovans  Altai Mountains, Siberia (30-48 kya)  Tip of pinky bone Competitive Exclusion Hypothesis  Did differences in diet and demography allow modern humans to out- compete Neanderthals?  Specialists (Neanderthals) - adapted to narrow diets; population size depends on abundance of a few resources.  Generalists (modern humans) - adapted to broad diets; population size expands with diet.  Increase in population densities, intensive diets, and technological investment Isotope: an element with an additional neutron.  Stable isotope: ratio of heavier to lighter isotope  Do not decay  Note: variation in stable carbon isotopes can provide insight into an organism's diet.  Note: variation in nitrogen isotopes can inform you of the amount of meat an organism eats, or how high up they are on the food chain. Upper Paleolithic Chronologies  Aurignacian  Anatomically modern  Survived to "old age" (50s?) despite infection (cared for?)  Haplogroup N?  Descendants… Basque?  Gravettian  Soultrean  Magdalenian Types of Upper Paleolithic Sites in Siberia  Approximately 20 sites total between (approx. 30-40 kya)  Ephemeral Cave Sites (few)  Small Open-air Sites (few)  Large Open-air sites situated on terraces above flood planes (most, e.g., Tolbaga) Mal'ta, Central Siberia (26-20 kya)  Four-year old found in the 1920s  Associated with diverse grave goods, including Venus and class Baikal bird figurines  mtDNA and Y-chromosome DNA suggest early Western Eurasians and Native American linkages  Suggests 14-38% shared ancestry with Native Americans Last Pleistocene - Early Holocene Climate  LGM = last glacial maximum  YD = younger dryous (cold snap)


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