ANTH 1010 – Kinship: Residence & Terminology
ANTH 1010 – Kinship: Residence & Terminology ANTH 1010 -090
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ANTH 1010 -090
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jazmine Beckstrand on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1010 -090 at University of Utah taught by Chunfen Zhou in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
ANTH 1010 – Kinship: Residence & Terminology Definitions Key Concepts Locations * = on exam Trobrianders Marriage Hamlet exogamy Polygyny (leaders) - monogamy rest Cross-cousin marriage preferred (FZD or MBS) Terminology: Hawaiian Gender Male vs. female Generation Age classes Important in Hawaii, Polynesia, Melanseia 1/3 of world's societies Emphasizes sameness on mom's and dad's family Bilateral societies Terminology: Eskimo Separates immediate nuclear family from others Ignores gender at various levels away from nuclear Grand-mom, cousin, uncles, etc. Common in societies that nave neolocal, nuclear family North America, Europe, some forages Fairly rare - 10% of world societies Terminology: Iroquois Gender, generation, and lineality Distinguishes on basis of relatedness to mom or dad Rails to distinguish blood mom/dad from other same-sex relatives Strongly associated with unilineal descent Recognizing descent along one side of family Most common system Emphasizes parallel vs. cross-cousins Parallel cousin - children of 2 same-sex siblings Cross-cousin - children of 2 opposite-sex siblings Terminology: Sudanese Gender, generation, nuclearity, and lineality Fully descriptive kinship terminology 8 different cousin terms Occurs in complex, stratified societies Sudan, Turkey, Old English Residence: among whom one actually lives Determines: Where you sleep With whom you eat Majority of social interactions Patrilocal: husband stays with his family and wife moves in Virilocal: wife moves to husband's residence Matrilocal: wife stays with her family and husband moves in Uxorilocal: husband moves to wife's residence Ambilocal: couple live near kin of either groom or bide Neolocal: couple leaves family of origin and start a new household Natolocal: husband and wife live with respective natal kin groups Brothers take care of sister's children Avuncular: 2 moves: i. Virilocal: wife moves in with husband and they produce children (nuclear family) ii. Avunvulocal: mature male children move in with mother's brother Benefits i. Keeps males of the same matriline together *What are the benefits of neolocality? Benefits Relative autonomy from family Disadvantage Difficulty motivating work from others Greater social distance i. Nuclear family to all others ii. Parents to children *What are the benefits of patri/matri-locality? Benefits Greater social affiliation between and within generations Disadvantage Limited autonomy Matrilocality Female centered households Males are socially marginal Not a true residence rule, but a socio-economic accommodation to economic hardship Cultures of poverty in Latin America Afro-Caribbean society American black ghettos
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