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ANTH 1010 – Kinship: Residence & Terminology

by: Jazmine Beckstrand

ANTH 1010 – Kinship: Residence & Terminology ANTH 1010 -090

Marketplace > University of Utah > ANTH 1010 -090 > ANTH 1010 Kinship Residence Terminology
Jazmine Beckstrand
The U
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover the lectures and assigned readings for the seventh week of class.
Culture & Human Experience
Chunfen Zhou
Class Notes
Anthropology, Archaeology, Human, experience, residence, terminology, housing, Martilocality, Partilocality, KingdomOfWomen
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jazmine Beckstrand on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1010 -090 at University of Utah taught by Chunfen Zhou in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
ANTH 1010 – Kinship: Residence & Terminology Definitions Key Concepts Locations * = on exam Trobrianders  Marriage  Hamlet exogamy  Polygyny (leaders) - monogamy rest  Cross-cousin marriage preferred (FZD or MBS) Terminology: Hawaiian  Gender  Male vs. female  Generation  Age classes  Important in Hawaii, Polynesia, Melanseia  1/3 of world's societies  Emphasizes sameness on mom's and dad's family  Bilateral societies Terminology: Eskimo  Separates immediate nuclear family from others  Ignores gender at various levels away from nuclear  Grand-mom, cousin, uncles, etc.  Common in societies that nave neolocal, nuclear family  North America, Europe, some forages  Fairly rare - 10% of world societies Terminology: Iroquois  Gender, generation, and lineality  Distinguishes on basis of relatedness to mom or dad  Rails to distinguish blood mom/dad from other same-sex relatives  Strongly associated with unilineal descent  Recognizing descent along one side of family  Most common system  Emphasizes parallel vs. cross-cousins  Parallel cousin - children of 2 same-sex siblings  Cross-cousin - children of 2 opposite-sex siblings Terminology: Sudanese  Gender, generation, nuclearity, and lineality  Fully descriptive kinship terminology  8 different cousin terms  Occurs in complex, stratified societies  Sudan, Turkey, Old English Residence: among whom one actually lives  Determines:  Where you sleep  With whom you eat  Majority of social interactions  Patrilocal: husband stays with his family and wife moves in  Virilocal: wife moves to husband's residence  Matrilocal: wife stays with her family and husband moves in  Uxorilocal: husband moves to wife's residence  Ambilocal: couple live near kin of either groom or bide  Neolocal: couple leaves family of origin and start a new household  Natolocal: husband and wife live with respective natal kin groups  Brothers take care of sister's children  Avuncular:  2 moves: i. Virilocal: wife moves in with husband and they produce children (nuclear family) ii. Avunvulocal: mature male children move in with mother's brother  Benefits i. Keeps males of the same matriline together *What are the benefits of neolocality?  Benefits  Relative autonomy from family  Disadvantage  Difficulty motivating work from others  Greater social distance i. Nuclear family to all others ii. Parents to children *What are the benefits of patri/matri-locality?  Benefits  Greater social affiliation between and within generations  Disadvantage  Limited autonomy Matrilocality  Female centered households  Males are socially marginal  Not a true residence rule, but a socio-economic accommodation to economic hardship  Cultures of poverty in Latin America  Afro-Caribbean society  American black ghettos


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