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by: Bri M

Classnotes 2010

Bri M
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About this Document

The Trait Perspective, The Five Factor Model
Introduction to Psychology
Fred Switzer
Class Notes




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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bri M on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2010 at Clemson University taught by Fred Switzer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
Classnotes 10/7 EVALUATING THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE ❖ Researchers find little support that defense mechanisms disguise and aggressive impulses ❖ History doesn’t support this idea THE TRAIT PERSPECTIVE ❖ Trait ➢ A characteristic pattern of behavior ➢ A disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports ❖ Example: you walk just as much as when you are at a wedding and when you are at a funeral ❖ Hans and Sybil Eysenck use two primary personality factors as axes for describing personality variation ➢ People can be either introverted, extraverted OR BOTH ➢ Introverted and extraverted IS A RANGE ➢ People’s personalities are a combination of where they are on the scale ❖ The five factor model: ➢ Someone can be either very high or very low or right in the middle ➢ There are 5 independent backers of personality ➢ Emotional Stability ■ Calm versus anxious ■ Secure versus insecure ■ Self-satisfied versus self-pitying ➢ Extraversion ■ Sociable versus retiring ■ Fun-loving versus sober ■ Affectionate versus reserved ➢ Openness to experience ■ Imaginative versus practical ■ Preference for variety versus preference for routine ■ Independent versus conforming ➢ Agreeableness ■ Soft-hearted versus ruthless ■ Trusting versus suspicious ■ Helpful versus uncooperative ➢ Conscientiousness ■ Organized versus disorganized ■ Careful versus careful ■ Disciplined versus impulsive Downside of Trait Theory ❖ We aren’t 100% sure that there are ONLY five factors involved ❖ There are people who are messy BUT are able to accomplish their work very well ➢ Ex: Einstein’s office was usually messy ❖ We may not have all of the personality dimensions Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) ❖ Used for ​clinical psychology ❖ Identifies traits related to mental disabilities ➢ Asks about paranoia ❖ SHOULD NOT be used with common people EVALUATING THE TRAIT PERSPECTIVE ❖ Situational influences on behavior are more important to consider ❖ People can fake desirable responses on self-report measures of personality ❖ Averaging behavior cross situations seems to indicate that people do have distinct personality traits ❖ When we are doing personality tests we are tapping into personality strategies that people use ➢ Ex: introversion → what if because nervous system is more reactive...they are uncomfortable when they get overwhelmed ➢ If you go to a party with music, lights (being bombarded by stimuli), it looks like you are being shy by moving to the sides of the room but you aren’t shy you just need to get away from aggressive stimuli (loud music, many people) A Word about Trait Tests ❖ Most popular is no longer the MMPI ❖ Most popular is probably the MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Inventory) ❖ MBTI has problems: ➢ Based on a bad theory ➢ Worse, it assumes “types” → this assumes you fall into categories ■ I= introverted ■ E= extroverted ❖ Best known Big 5 theory is the NEO


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