COMM 3200 Week 6 Notes
COMM 3200 Week 6 Notes COMM 3200
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Liana Sandell on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 3200 at University of Connecticut taught by Dr. Amanda Denes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communication in Communications at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
COMM 3200 Exam Two Notes October 5, 2016 Uncertainty: Chapter 4 1. uncertainty refers to the inability to predict the attitude and or behaviors of an interactional partner (when we don’t know how someone feels) 2. high uncertainty: do not feel conﬁdent in ability to predict or explain someone’s attitudes and behavior. we don't feel like we have enough information 3. low uncertainty: know someone well enough to be able to predict and explain his or her actions. feel comfortable Interpersonal uncertainties 1. self uncertainty 1. one owns uncertainty and feelings about whether you want to be in a relationship. comes up at many different phases 2. partner uncertainty 1. uncertain about our partners feelings and intention (second date, you are interested in pursuing a relationship but you do not know how they feel) 3. relationship uncertainty 1. questions about the state of the relationship (questions about the future, are we serious are we ofﬁcial, will this last?) Uncertainty reduction theory 1. people have a need to be able to predict and explain their own and other’s people behaviors, especially in initial interactions 2. we especially want to reduce uncertainty when 1. people behave in a way that is deviant or unexpected 2. the other person can reward or punish us in some way 3. we anticipate repeated interaction with a person 3. Principal one: people seek information to reduce uncertainty during initial interactions with other 4. we seek information in an attempt to understand the situation 1. the more we know someone, the better we are at predicting their behavior 5. Principal twoL people can reduce their uncertainty using passive, active or interactive strategies 1. passive strategies: nonintrusive observational (observe whats going on without acting) 2. active strategies: try to manipulate a social environment in a certain way and observing how someone reacts to the manipulation (asking a third party or sending self ﬂowers) 3. interactive strategies: involve direct contact between information seeker and target What about uncertainty online? extraction 1. strategies when we get information from an online source (facebook) Uncertainty reduction continued 1. principal three: as uncertainty decreases attraction increases 2. but do we always really want more information? 1. brashers: uncertainty management theory 1. want enough information to function but not too much that we feel overwhelmed 2. dialectical theory: predictability/novelty (we want both) 1. there is a push and pull between predictability and novelty 2. we don’t want too know everything because we like some surprise but we do not want to be uncertain Culture 1. cultural aspects come into play 2. Gudykunst created a theory of intergroup uncertainty reduction 3. all cultures seek to reduce uncertainty in the initial stages of a relationship but do so in very different ways 1. high context cultures rely heavily on the overall situation to interpret events, and low context cultures rely on explicit verbal content of messages (how someone says hello and goodbye to you in foreign cultures) Predicted outcome value theory 1. takes the positive versus negative aspects of information into account 2. whether we seek more information depends on whether outcomes are negative or positive 1. high outcome value: rewarding potential partner (you would like to get to know them more) 2. low outcome value: less rewarding than other potential partners (if you have a bad interaction then you don’t want to get to know any more of them) Uncertainty Preferences 1. certainty oriented/high need for closure 1. seize and freeze: grab onto information and because they don’t want to be more uncertain they will hold onto this information and don’t let anything change it (judge cultures) 2. the positive side is that they show more trust in partners (not second guessing or looking for ﬂaws) 2. uncertainty oriented/low need for closure 1. engage in exploration 2. can detect changes in mood and behavior Uncertainty increasing behaviors (thigns that bring back uncertainty) 1. competing relationships 1. there is another relationship that is important to your partner 2. unexplained loss of contact or closeness 1. drift away from friends 3. sexual behavior 1. inﬁdelity 4. deception 1. havent been sharing actual information with you 5. change in personality/value 1. sometimes we realize that a person is different than we ﬁrst thought 6. betraying conﬁdence 1. trust a friend but then you ﬁnd out that they told your secret Secret tests 1. asking a third party 1. feedback from social networks 2. directness tests 1. direct interaction with partner 3. triangle tests 1. try to tests the partners commitment by creating a triangle. ﬁdelity tests or jealousy tests 4. separation tests 1. relies on creating physical distance between relational partners 5. endurance tests 1. increases the costs or reduces the reward (testing limits) 2. bring your worst self out, is your parter still interested 6. public presentation tests 1. watching for the others person’s reaction to the use of relational labels 7. indirect suggestion tests 1. hinting or joking to bring up a topic without taking direct responsibility Discussion Notes October 7, 2016 Quasi-courtship behaviors courtship readiness: showing conﬁdence (sucking in stomach, sitting up straight, ﬂexing muscles) preening behaviors: manipulations of appearance (wear makeup, dress up) positional cues: using posture and body orientation to be noticed (lean towards them) direct appeals and invitation: close proximity to the target, open body positions and eye contact Which behaviors do you use most to attract someone your romantically interested in? Stages of Relationships 1. interpersonal communication between two people often depends on where they are in the progression of their relationship 2. stages are identiﬁable by the verbal and non verbal communication that occurs between people in a relationship 1. relational escalation is the process of moving through 5 stages toward the interpersonal intimacy 2. relational de-escalation is the process of deescalating Stages 1. initiating 2. experimental 3. intensifying 4. integrating 5. bonding Initiating stage 1. verbal introductions 2. if the impressions you form of the other are not favorable or if the circumstances aren't right it can end here (it doesn't make sense to want to learn more about them if you didn’t like them starting off) 3. present public self Experimental stage 1. both people desire to know more and increasingly personal information about the other person 2. little physical contact, limited time spent, little unique communication Intensifying stage 1. mutual understanding that this is an important and intimate relationship 2. verbal 1. relationship talk/ references to the relationship 2. we talk 3. meta communication (comm about comm) 4. special language, including pet names 3. nonverbal 1. haptic 2. proxemics 3. kinesics: interactional synchrony Integrating stage 1. clearer deﬁnition of roles and of the relationship that ever before, and these roles become more public 2. social integration (introducing to friends and family) Bonding stage 1. social commitment and or ritual that signiﬁes the intention to continue the relationship indeﬁnitely 2. verbal 1. vows, promises, “forever” talk 3. non verbal 1. ring 2. buying a home together Barriers to initiating or intensifying 1. social anxiety 1. differences between extroverts and introverts 2. cycle for introverts 1. anxiety leads to recused social information, which leads to incompetent interpersonal behavior which produces negative reactions from others, which provides more anxiety 2. rejection and unrequited love 3. interference and lack of opportunity Assumptions of the Model of Relational Escalation and De-escalation 1. descriptive and not prescriptive 2. simpliﬁes the complex process of relationships in order to study it; there are deﬁnitely exceptions to the stages outlined by the model 3. relationships general either increase in intimacy, or they start down the path towards deescalation 4. people can spend long or short time in any stage, and each relationship is different 5. any given relationships can only be in one stage at a time Relational turning points 1. chopper view; now as smooth and gradual 2. emphasize turning points and events that have a strong impact 1. get to know time 2. quality time 3. passionate events 4. physical separations/reunions 5. exclusivity/ external competition 6. new family members 7. interference from a romanic partner 8. disengagement or ﬁrst big ﬁght/making up 9. crisis: sacriﬁce/support 10. positive or negative psychic change
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