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Cooper Part II Notes

by: Kaylen Howard

Cooper Part II Notes PSCI 4830

Kaylen Howard
GPA 3.4

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About this Document

In this section we get into Wilsons presidency.and WWI. Cooper focuses on the hardships the US encountered when it came to not want to intervene in war and other domestic and foreign issues.
American Foreign Affairs
Andrew Enterline
Class Notes
#honorscourse, #WWI, #JohnCooper, #EnterlineHonorsNotes, #foreignaffairs, #enterlineHonorsCourseNotes, #PartIIJohnCooper
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylen Howard on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 4830 at University of North Texas taught by Andrew Enterline in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see American Foreign Affairs in POLITCAL SCIENCE at University of North Texas.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
John Cooper’s Pivotal Decades PG # and SIDE NOTES NOTES, QUESTIONS and ANSWERS PART II 258 What was Wilson’s tactic for preventing intervention in WWI? ❖ Peace Without Victory: --peace given to all nations of fundamental rights --equal sovereignty --freedom from aggression Armed neutrality- neutral power in war --freedom of the sea to resist aggression who bryanite ❖ Armed neutrality Democrats. Bryanite Democrats- PG 260 What was the reaction of the European government after Wilson’s proposed neutrality act? ❖ Recurrence of Submarine warfare ❖ Prolong a ‘shop-keeper war’ or economic attrition *Submarine warfare was a ploy used by the Economic attrition- economic reduction Germans to cut the British trans-atlantic munition, food supplies in order to win the war before any reaction of America. PG 261 What encouraged the Zimmerman’s Telegram and What was the sole purpose of the attack message? ❖ Germans frustration from their loose in their submarine campaign battle with the British, they wanted to continue in submarine warfare. ❖ Arthur Zimmerman, German foreign secretary ❖ Telegram was an attempt to raise Mexico against America. ❖ U.S. reaction was the demand for armed neutrality and broken alliance with Germany PG 261, 266 *The decision of armed(muntion on naval ships) neutrality, was actually a defense mechanism against any surprise attacks from Germany. Although, the U.S. claim neutrality it was still in hot water when it came to being apart of the war. PG 263-265 *During Wilson’s term he teetered on the fence whether interact in foreign affairs. However, with WWI out and influences from immigrants in america was making things hard for the U.S. not to intervine, Wilson had no choice then to declare his ‘Peace With Out Victory’ slogan that later feel into pieces after the Zimmermen telegram attack. Idealist Wilson thought of the people, however there was a little self interest involved with some of his actions. What were some ‘claimed’ self interest actions expressed by Wilson during the WWI? PG 264 ❖ His decision were based off of what would Roosevelt do, when it came to munition on naval vessels. ❖ Fearful that his slogan of peace was deteriorating, he submitted to anything and any imputations of weakness or cowardice in order to stay out of war (hint-- it did not work). ❖ According to George Norris, war at the time was all about money, thus claiming that Wilson was the victim of greed over humanitarianism. ❖ Claims that Wilson used warfare to save ‘wall street’s financial stake in the allied efforts’(pg.267) PG 271 What were the three biggest U.S. contributions winning the war? ❖ Navy ❖ Finances ❖ Military PG 267, 269 What are the notions of the U.S. entering the war? ❖ For economic interest ❖ Create a foundation for American isolationism ❖ Result of Wilson’s impartiality with alliances ❖ A ‘squabble over munition makers and businesses to sacrifice their workers to alter their greed, socialist. (pg. 269) PG 269 How did socialism fit into the molding of WWI? ❖ Anti war stand/ denounced conscription towards immigrants. ❖ Denounced selective service administration and their motives regarding drafting. ❖ Agitatents in New York, by causing riots. ❖ Green corn Rebellion, Oklahomans protest in washington against draft( pg.269) PG 322 What were the psychological effects of war drafting? ❖ American social values were being tested when American men are forced to fight. ❖ Men forced to ‘abandon their chosen path to submit to absolute discipline and risk their life to the command of central authority.’ (pg. 271) Why did the union struggle after Wilson’s return from Armistice? ❖ Re-converson of the economy became a conflict of interest. ❖ American legion, lobbied for economic benifits and health care. ❖ United Steel Workers, strike in nation steel mills. Radical advocated for government ownership of the industry. PG 315 What were Wilson’s ‘14 points’? ❖ Free use of sea ❖ Removal of trade barriers ❖ Reduction of armaments ❖ Fairness to Russia on territorial and economic issues as ‘the acid test” of peace settlement. ❖ Evacuation and indemnification of belgium ❖ Restoration to france of the Alsace and Lorraine PG 320 What were some of the foreign problems in Wilson’s ‘sea of troubles’? ❖ Spanish influenza ❖ Not prepared for soliders return home ❖ Introduction to recession PG 247,248 What was secretary bryan’s attitude towards the foreign affairs and international politics? What did he propose as a more reasonable motion? League of Nations (LON) / ❖ He promoted peaceful settlement of League of Enforce Peace (LOEP): disputes through treaties and adversaries, International governmental organization in order to keep relations and negotiations whos moral purpose was to promote nationally. peace through negotiations and ❖ Anti-imperialist arbitrations. ❖ Idealist in international relations, pacifism ❖ “Prince of Peace, “ because he believed that ‘leader must heed the duty to promote peaceful means of settling disputes among nations.’ (pg. 223) ❖ Negotiator of ‘cool off treaties” with thirty different countries What were bryans view regarding the LEOP? ❖ He condemned the program as a false promotion of peace. ❖ It was an abandonment of the Monroe Doctrine in order to make themselves partners with other nations in the wage of PG 228, 237 war. ❖ Stick to the ideals of the fore-fathers of the country. ❖ Bryans views altered Roosevelt’s trust in the system Where did Roosevelt and Taft fall in the LOEP and later the LON? ❖ Roosevelt became the first major advocate for the LON after publicly disclosing his beliefs regarding foreign affair of separation PG 237 with the philippines, military power and efficency in the LOEP. ❖ Roosevelt changed his views after being influenced by bryan’s sting of rejection. ❖ Roosevelt perceived it as a ’childish make-believe’ that distracted military from international politics. ❖ Taft, declared the traditional policy of this country of isolation from power politics outside of the western hemisphere (pg. 237) ❖ Taft’s Two Grounds: --European idea that America must abide by certain obligations in the ‘interest of mankind.’ -- Crisis with Germany threatened future intervention in the war. *’Their respective positions corresponded to internationalism, isolationism, and traditional nationalism,’ (238). PG 186 What was the concept of human nature and how were Roosevelt’s and Wilson’s view different? ❖ Roosevelt believed the heroism and political evangelism could make ‘ordinary folk’ over-come individualistic, selfish ways. ❖ Roosevelt was a pessimist toward human nature. ❖ Wilson believed people when free to pursue their own interest and left to themselves would promote the public good. ❖ Wilson was optimistic towards human nature PG 225, 212-215 What were some of Wilson achievements and failures in his presidency? ❖ 14-Points (pg.315) ❖ New Freedoms (pg. 201) ❖ Vera Cruz (failure, pg. 225) ❖ Establishment of the importance of presidency (pg. 194) ❖ View and strength in domestic affairs, lobbying, tariffs, new legislations (pg. 195-202) In conclusion, Wilson has had a term where he had to go out of his comfort zone of domestic affairs and engae in international issues. His dove like mentality could not be overtaken by his demand for order, peace and neutrality. Going into WWI Wilson had to make several decision that where based off of influence from ex-presidents. In result, Wilson did have a few failures, but he continued to carry his idealism and prosper in his presidency. In the next book, it will go deeper into the Wilsonian and other presidential schools of thought. In Walter Meads, “Special Providence” the concept of Wilson as a dove instead of serpent will become more clear.


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