CRJ 260 Chapter 5 Book Notes
CRJ 260 Chapter 5 Book Notes CRJ 260
Popular in Introduction to Criminal Justice
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 260 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Robert Stallings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Lenoir-Rhyne University.
Reviews for CRJ 260 Chapter 5 Book Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/07/16
CRJ 260 Week 7 (10/4/1610/6/16) Chapter 5: Public Policing and Private Security Reading p.164183 History of Police p.164169 Medieval England o People were grouped into collectives of 10 families, called tythings, when trouble occurred the leader was expected to make a hue and cry o Ten tythings were then grouped into a hundred o Shires are like the counties of today and the shire reeve is like a sheriff th o 13 century = watch system Metropolitan Police Act; Sir Robert Peel’s legislation that established the first organized police force in London Colonial America o Vigilantes: called upon to capture cattle thieves or other felons th *early police agencies, 20 century reform, emergence of professionalism p.167168* Policing from the 1960s to the Present p.169172 1960s o Turmoil and crisis o Police required to obey strict legal guidelines when questioning suspects, conducting searches, and wiretapping o Rise in crime rate o High confrontation between police and public 1970s o Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) helped in aiding officers to pursue education and training o More women and minorities were recruited 1980s o Community relations = major problems 1990s o March 3, 1991: Rodney King and Bryant Allen case o Community policing: a law enforcement program that seeks to integrate officers into the local community to reduce crime and increase community relations Since 2000 o Evidencebased era The Agencies of Law Enforcement p.172183 federal, state, local, and county U.S. Justice Department o Legal arm of the federal government o Headed by the attorney general who is empowered to enforce all federal laws, represent when the U.S. is party to all court action, conduct independent investigations a. Department of Justice enforces federal laws and protects U.S. citizens b. Civil Rights Division proceeds legally against violations of federal civil rights laws that protect citizens from discrimination on the basis of their race, creed, ethnicity, sex, and age c. Tax Division legal actions against tax violators d. Criminal Division prosecutes violations of the Federal Criminal Code enforces statutes relating to bank robbery, kidnapping, mail fraud, interstate transportation of stolen vehicles, drug trafficking, etc. A. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) investigates federal law violations, gathers crime statistics, runs a crime lab, and helps train local law enforcement HQ in Washington, D.C. 50 field offices 400 satellite offices (residence agencies) 4 specialized field installations 60+ foreign liaison posts 33,000 employees 13,000 special agents 20,000 support personnel who perform professional, administrative, technical, clerical, craft, trade, or maintenance operations UCR (Uniform Crime Report) *what the FBI investigates chart on p. 175* B. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) sales of untaxed liquor and cigarettes through Gun Control Act of 1968 and Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 jurisdiction over the illegal sale, importation, and criminal misuse of firearms and explosives 2003: ATF transferred to DOJ C. U.S. Marshals nation’s oldest federal law enforcement agency a. Judicial security b. Fugitive investigations c. Witness security d. Prisoner services e. Justice prisoner and alien transportation system (JPATS) f. Asset forfeiture program Department of homeland Security (DHS) o Preventing terrorist attacks o Reducing vulnerability to terrorism o Minimizing damage and aiding in recovery o 3 largest cabinet department o 1 is Department of Veterans Affairs nd o 2 is Department of Defense o 180,000 employees A. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) protecting our nation’s borders in order to prevent terrorism, human an drug smuggling, illegal immigration, and agricultural pests from entering the U.S. 60,000 employees 22,000 border patrol agents and CBP air and marine agents B. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) largest investigative arm of the DHS responsible for identifying and shutting down vulnerabilities in the nation’s border and for economic, transportation, and infrastructure security a. Office of Investigations b. Office of Detention and Removal Operations c. Office of Intelligence d. Office of International Affairs C. The Secret Service protect the president, vice president, their families, heads of state, and other highlevel officials investigate counterfeiting and other financial crimes State Law Enforcement Agencies o Texas Rangers one of the first state policing agencies (1835) o Followed by Massachusetts State constables (1865) o Arizona Rangers (1901) o Pennsylvania formed first truly modern state police in 1905 o 80,000 state police employees o 55,000 officers o 25,000 civilians County Law Enforcement Agencies o 3,000 sheriff’s offices nationwide o 350,000 fulltime staff o Routine patrol (97%) o Calls for service (95%) o Investigating crimes (92%) o Standard tasks: serving civil process, providing court security, operating county jail, and investigating crimes Metropolitan Law Enforcement Agencies o Around 580,000 people o Standard set of tasks: a. Traffic enforcement b. Crime prevention c. Narcotics and vice control d. Property and violent crime investigation e. Accident investigation f. Fingerprint processing g. Radio communications h. Death investigations i. Patrol and peacekeeping j. Search and rescue
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'