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CRJ 260 Chapter 5 Book Notes

by: Samantha Bishop

CRJ 260 Chapter 5 Book Notes CRJ 260

Marketplace > Lenoir-Rhyne University > Criminal Justice > CRJ 260 > CRJ 260 Chapter 5 Book Notes
Samantha Bishop

GPA 3.81

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About this Document

Cover the reading for chapter 5 p. 164-183 in detail
Introduction to Criminal Justice
Dr. Robert Stallings
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 260 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Robert Stallings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Lenoir-Rhyne University.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
CRJ 260 Week 7 (10/4/16­10/6/16) Chapter 5: Public Policing and Private Security  Reading p.164­183 History of Police p.164­169  Medieval England o People were grouped into collectives of 10 families, called tythings, when trouble  occurred the leader was expected to make a hue and cry o Ten tythings were then grouped into a hundred o Shires are like the counties of today and the shire reeve is like a sheriff th o 13  century = watch system  Metropolitan Police Act; Sir Robert Peel’s legislation that established the first organized  police force in London   Colonial America o Vigilantes: called upon to capture cattle thieves or other felons th *early police agencies, 20  century reform, emergence of professionalism p.167­168* Policing from the 1960s to the Present p.169­172  1960s o Turmoil and crisis o Police required to obey strict legal guidelines when questioning suspects,  conducting searches, and wiretapping o Rise in crime rate o High confrontation between police and public  1970s o Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) helped in aiding officers to  pursue education and training o More women and minorities were recruited  1980s o Community relations = major problems  1990s o March 3, 1991: Rodney King and Bryant Allen case o Community policing: a law enforcement program that seeks to integrate officers  into the local community to reduce crime and increase community relations  Since 2000 o Evidence­based era The Agencies of Law Enforcement p.172­183 ­federal, state, local, and county  U.S. Justice Department o Legal arm of the federal government o Headed by the attorney general who is empowered to enforce all federal laws,  represent when the U.S. is party to all court action, conduct independent  investigations a. Department of Justice­ enforces federal laws and protects U.S. citizens b. Civil Rights Division­ proceeds legally against violations of federal civil  rights laws that protect citizens from discrimination on the basis of their  race, creed, ethnicity, sex, and age c. Tax Division­ legal actions against tax violators d. Criminal Division­ prosecutes violations of the Federal Criminal Code ­ enforces statutes relating to bank robbery, kidnapping, mail  fraud, interstate transportation of stolen vehicles, drug trafficking,  etc. A. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) ­ investigates federal law violations, gathers crime statistics, runs a crime lab,  and helps train local law enforcement ­ HQ in Washington, D.C. 50 field offices 400 satellite offices (residence agencies) 4 specialized field installations 60+ foreign liaison posts 33,000 employees 13,000 special agents 20,000 support personnel who perform professional, administrative,  technical, clerical, craft, trade, or maintenance operations ­ UCR (Uniform Crime Report) *what the FBI investigates chart on p. 175* B. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) ­ sales of untaxed liquor and cigarettes ­ through Gun Control Act of 1968 and Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 ­ jurisdiction over the illegal sale, importation, and criminal misuse of firearms  and explosives ­ 2003: ATF transferred to DOJ C. U.S. Marshals ­ nation’s oldest federal law enforcement agency a. Judicial security b. Fugitive investigations c. Witness security d. Prisoner services e. Justice prisoner and alien transportation system (JPATS) f. Asset forfeiture program  Department of homeland Security (DHS) o Preventing terrorist attacks o Reducing vulnerability to terrorism o Minimizing damage and aiding in recovery o 3  largest cabinet department o 1  is Department of Veterans Affairs nd o 2  is Department of Defense o 180,000 employees A. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) ­ protecting our nation’s borders in order to prevent terrorism, human an drug  smuggling, illegal immigration, and agricultural pests from entering the U.S. ­ 60,000 employees ­ 22,000 border patrol agents and CBP air and marine agents B. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) ­ largest investigative arm of the DHS  ­ responsible for identifying and shutting down vulnerabilities in the nation’s  border and for economic, transportation, and infrastructure security a. Office of Investigations b. Office of Detention and Removal Operations c. Office of Intelligence d. Office of International Affairs C. The Secret Service ­ protect the president, vice president, their families, heads of state, and other  high­level officials ­ investigate counterfeiting and other financial crimes  State Law Enforcement Agencies o Texas Rangers­ one of the first state policing agencies (1835) o Followed by Massachusetts State constables (1865) o Arizona Rangers (1901) o Pennsylvania formed first truly modern state police in 1905 o 80,000 state police employees o 55,000 officers o 25,000 civilians  County Law Enforcement Agencies o 3,000 sheriff’s offices nationwide o 350,000 full­time staff o Routine patrol (97%) o Calls for service (95%) o Investigating crimes (92%) o Standard tasks: serving civil process, providing court security, operating county  jail, and investigating crimes  Metropolitan Law Enforcement Agencies o Around 580,000 people o Standard set of tasks: a. Traffic enforcement b. Crime prevention c. Narcotics and vice control d. Property and violent crime investigation e. Accident investigation f. Fingerprint processing g. Radio communications h. Death investigations i. Patrol and peacekeeping j. Search and rescue


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