Week 7 Notes
Week 7 Notes POLI 103B 001
Popular in Controversies in the Politics of Global Regions: Asia
Popular in Department
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ruben Conyers on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 103B 001 at University of South Carolina taught by John Hsieh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
Reviews for Week 7 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/07/16
Two Trends in Asia Pacific In addressing their common challenges, each state initially tended toward strong state control over society (authoritarian rule). More recent trends have been toward liberalization and a greater opening for societal influence in the governing process. Official Name: People’s Republic of China (PRC) Capital: Beijing In the late 1940s, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) defeated the Nationalist Party in the civil war. The PRC was established in 1949. For the first three decades of the PRC, the CCP under the leadership of Mao Zendongeradicated private enterprises and implemented a strict communist system. In place of material incentives, Mao launched a series of campaigns (e.g. the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution) to urge people to work. But it proved to be unworkable. In late 1978, Deng Xiaoping launched economic reform by reintroducing market mechanism. China’s economy boomed as a result. China’s Political Structure The Party The State Organs The Military The CCP dominates the other two. General Secretary The General Secretary of the CCP Central Committee is the most powerful person in the country. It is elected from members of the Standing Committee. Currently, XI Jinping is also president of the People’s Republic of China and chairman. Chief of State: President XI Jinping Head of Government: Premier LI Keqiang There is a unicameral National People’s Congress (NPC) with 2,987 seats. Members of the NPC are elected by lower-level people’s congresses to serve 5-year terms. Taiwan was colorized by Japan from 1895-1945, and was returned to China after the end of WWII. In 1949, the Nationalist government led by Chiang Kaishek fled to Taiwan after being defeated by the Chinese Communist Party. Taiwan was ruled by the Nationalist Party of Guomindang (GMD) from 1949-2000. In the presidential election of 2000, the GMD was defeated by the Democratic Party, and thus lost many people over the years. Executive Branch Chief of state: President TSAI Ing-wen Head of Government: Premier LIN Chuan Elections: The president is elected by popular vote for four-year terms. The election was last held in January 2016. The premier is appointed by the president. Legislative Branch There is a unicameral Legislative Yuan with 113 seats out of which 73 are elected from single-man votes. Nationalist Party of Guomindang (GMD) (pro-status quo or unification) Democratic Progressive Party or DPP (Pro-independence) (TSAI’s Party) Korea was Japan’s colony from 1910-1945.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'