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Week 7 Notes

by: Ruben Conyers

Week 7 Notes POLI 103B 001

Ruben Conyers

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These notes cover the different types of parties in Asian Politics and how each one works. The leaders during that time and how different parties were established.
Controversies in the Politics of Global Regions: Asia
John Hsieh
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ruben Conyers on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 103B 001 at University of South Carolina taught by John Hsieh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
Two Trends in Asia Pacific In addressing their common challenges, each state initially tended toward strong state control over society (authoritarian rule). More recent trends have been toward liberalization and a greater opening for societal influence in the governing process. Official Name: People’s Republic of China (PRC) Capital: Beijing In the late 1940s, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) defeated the Nationalist Party in the civil war. The PRC was established in 1949. For the first three decades of the PRC, the CCP under the leadership of Mao Zendongeradicated private enterprises and implemented a strict communist system. In place of material incentives, Mao launched a series of campaigns (e.g. the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution) to urge people to work. But it proved to be unworkable. In late 1978, Deng Xiaoping launched economic reform by reintroducing market mechanism. China’s economy boomed as a result. China’s Political Structure  The Party  The State Organs  The Military  The CCP dominates the other two. General Secretary  The General Secretary of the CCP Central Committee is the most powerful person in the country. It is elected from members of the Standing Committee.  Currently, XI Jinping is also president of the People’s Republic of China and chairman.  Chief of State: President XI Jinping  Head of Government: Premier LI Keqiang  There is a unicameral National People’s Congress (NPC) with 2,987 seats.  Members of the NPC are elected by lower-level people’s congresses to serve 5-year terms.  Taiwan was colorized by Japan from 1895-1945, and was returned to China after the end of WWII.  In 1949, the Nationalist government led by Chiang Kaishek fled to Taiwan after being defeated by the Chinese Communist Party. Taiwan was ruled by the Nationalist Party of Guomindang (GMD) from 1949-2000. In the presidential election of 2000, the GMD was defeated by the Democratic Party, and thus lost many people over the years. Executive Branch  Chief of state: President TSAI Ing-wen  Head of Government: Premier LIN Chuan  Elections: The president is elected by popular vote for four-year terms. The election was last held in January 2016.  The premier is appointed by the president. Legislative Branch  There is a unicameral Legislative Yuan with 113 seats out of which 73 are elected from single-man votes.  Nationalist Party of Guomindang (GMD) (pro-status quo or unification)  Democratic Progressive Party or DPP (Pro-independence) (TSAI’s Party)  Korea was Japan’s colony from 1910-1945.


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