Chapter 9: Creating an Effective Image
Chapter 9: Creating an Effective Image Com 324
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicholas Spriggs on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Com 324 at Elon University taught by Gerald Gibson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Television Production in Film and Television at Elon University.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Chapter 9: Creating an Effective Image Vocab Animation: The video images should give the audience the same emotional response that you had while shooting. Axis of action line: Also known as an “Eyeline,” the “180 line”, or the “proscenium line”, this is the line along the direction of the action in a scene. Composition: Creating an image that is attractive or that captures and keeps the audience’s attention and effectively communicates the production’s message. Continuity: Making sure that the shots will edit together in the final production to avoid ending up with a series of shots that do not fit together smoothly. Context: Making sure that the content of the image allows the viewer to understand the subject better. Cutaway Shot: Used to cover edits when any video sequence is shortened or lengthened. Headroom: The amount of space above the head. This changes proportionally with the length of the shot, lessening as the shot tightens. Symbolism (image): Creating an image that is meaningful to the viewer. Camera Operators and directors can adjust an image’s composition in a number of ways: Adjust filming: Positioning the shot to deliberately include or exclude parts of the scene. Increase / Decrease the Lens Angle of View: The lens angle of view will determine how much of the scene appears in the picture from the viewpoint. Adjust Camera Positions: As the camera moves up / down or sideway, foreground objects change position in the frame more noticeably than distant ones, Change the Shot Proportions: By altering the lens angle, and changing the camera distance to compensate, you can keep the same size shot but adjust proportions within it. Framing is about deciding exactly what the viewer is going to see and what is to be included or excluded from the picture. Balance of composition and framing is affected by 4 things: -The size of a subject within the frame. -It’s tone. -It’s position within the frame. -The relationship of the subjects in the shot Visual Patterns The eye is attracted to a variety of patterns for different reasons -Horizontal lines can portray calm and tranquility -Vertical lines show strength and dignity -Diagonal lines can show movement and speed -Curved lines can portray serenity -Converging lines show depth Leading lines occur when the lines within the image lead the viewer’s eyes to whatever the director wants them to look at. Rule of Thirds: When composing a shot divide the screen into thirds both horizontally and vertically. Position the main subject on the intersection of those two lines. According to the rule of thirds the main subject should never be in the center of an image but rather slightly before or after the center. Theory of Dynamic Composition: When composing a shot consider what aspects of the subject you want the audience to notice. Try to capture the essence of the scene rather than just as many visual components as possible. Continuity is about filming logically. The following are common errors found encountered by filmmakers and photographers: -Part of the action is missing -The action shot from another angle does not match that of a previous shot of the subject -The shot sizes are too similar or too extreme -The direction of the action has changed between successive shots -Action leaves the frame, and re-enters it on the same side -Successive shots show continuity differences, such as with and without eyeglasses, different attitudes, or different clothing.