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Sociology 101 Class notes

by: Caitlyn Camp

Sociology 101 Class notes Soc 101

Marketplace > Parkland College > Arts and Humanities > Soc 101 > Sociology 101 Class notes
Caitlyn Camp
Parkland College
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These are my class notes from Professor Evelyn Reynolds from Parkland College. Course 101 section 005. These notes include the social construction of reality from chapter 5. These notes were taken ...
Sociology 101
Evelyn Reynolds
Class Notes
sociology 101, Joan Ferrante, 3rd edition, social construction of reality, Chapter 5




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlyn Camp on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at Parkland College taught by Evelyn Reynolds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Sociology 101 in Arts and Humanities at Parkland College.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
Chapter 5: Social Construction of Reality Social Structure­ Largely invisible system that broadly shapes and constrains human  activity in noticeable and predictable ways. Levels of Social Analyses: Micro­level: Examination of human life that focuses on immediate, everyday experiences of  individuals.  Example: Statuses, roles, groups. Meso­level: Human life that focuses on sized social units within an institution. Example: Organization, College campuses. Macro­level: Human life focuses on broad social forces and structural features of society. Example: Social institutions, global networks.  Status: human created position an individual occupies. Role: Set of right, obligations, behaviors, and duties people occupy as a certain status you’re  expected to perform.  Social Groups: Set of people who interact in largely predictable ways, and who share  expectations about their purpose for being. Bureaucracies­ In theory, it is the completely rational organization that uses the most efficient  means to achieve a valued goal. It is hierarchy of authority. Features of Bureaucracy include:  A clear cut division of labor.  A hierarchy of authority.  Written rules that specify relationships among personnel and describe the way an  organization should operate.  Positions are filled according to objective criteria.  Authority belongs to the position.  Organizational personnel treat clients or customers as cases. Formal organization: Bring people, resources, and technology together, and then direct human activity towards  achieving a specific outcome.  Example: NBA, NFL, MLB Types of Formal Organizations: Voluntary­ Members give time, talent, or money to address a community or human needs. Coercive­ Have no choice but to participate. Utilitarian­ Members expect a service, product, or treatment, in exchange for money. Social Institutions: Meet universal social and biological needs; these needs include the need to care and be cared for, to secure shelter, to secure a livelihood, to feel meaning and purpose, to learn, and so on.


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