Popular in Diplomatic History
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hewan Ft on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 330 at James Madison University taught by S. Mooney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Diplomatic History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
History 330 week 6 Railroad company advertised american immigration to fill in the center part of the US with 6% interest, no money down for housing. Due to the immigration scheme About 30% of the midwest were born in another country Immigration: Shifting patterns to eastern and northern europe Irish and chinese : the chinese exclusion act where the specific group of people were barred from entering the US. 10 years no migration, only group to ever be subject to this prohibition jewish emigration from russia created tension and led to a decline USRussian relations, Americans were worried that they were going to be overrun by these people. The panama canal: Schemes to build a canal are proposed by the french, british and US from the mid 19th century on. 1850 claytonBulwer treaty called for a jointly owned britishamerican canal. Was not a good deal and wanted to get out. The acquisition of the territories by the US was very intentional. South american countries become the backyard of the US. The US was involved in their government. Panama was a province of colombia but the panamanians wanted to be removed from colombia and americans wanted the canal so they helped panama become free.Columbia was upset for foreign involvement. Results of expanding US involvements Increasing US domination of caribbean Continuing interest in east asia Creation of an overseas empire Evolution of US into major world power Greater US wealth & power Increasing tension in asia Increasing antiamerican hostility in latin america US entanglement in rivalries that end producing 2 world wars Why would most people argue that this was an empire by accident? Because america come in trying to help? Trying to be a benevolent power white man's burden it is the burden or duty of a white european modern nation to modernize out backward countries Americans like to feel good about themselves after the expansion, they wanted that feeling so they wanted people to view their acquisition on a moral high ground. Ideas that def into imperialism Demands for economic expansion Belief in a nation's mission Responsibility for helping others missionary/religious impulses Racism Rationale for imperialism: help people move towards modernization Social darwinism Righteousness Mahanism based on strategic concerns. Alfred T. Mahan pivotal in american history in establishing the position for american power projection. His assumption was that great empires control the sea. That the US should enlarge the navy because large navies project power both militarily and economic. Protecting free trade. He also argues in favor of annexation of the hawaiian island. Wrote a book” the influence of sea power upon history” started an arms race. He was the one who coined the term “the middle east”. The doctrine lead to a vast build up of navies that eventually clash in World war 2 Economic interest trade Pacific expansion: Hawaii annexed in 1898 while hawaii was an independent entity, much of its foreign policy was run by americans. There was a great fear that the japanese would look towards hawaii and USA wanted to get there first. Edward Curtis JP Morgan Business dealer who funded edward curtis’ artistic work 18961900 IMP John hey Secretary of state.Imperialistic impulses and the entry of the united states as one of the great powers Why so imp global coming out of the US. also when we bit of more the we can chew with puerto rico, philippines. Created a lot of debate and unrest at home Mckinleyism: Mckinley overseas foreign policy negotiations himself This is a departure from past presidents who rely on experiences Sec. of State Sends troops to china without congressional approval first president to do this, he thus expands the power of the presidency Lays the basis for the modern imperial presidency. War with spain is seen as method for securing better strategic positions in south east asia beginning of american involvement in this region all the way up to Vietnam(1896 1968) . Mckinley had intentions initially to protect trade. Annexation of other islands is intended to help further protect american interests An easy victory with little cost to the country Lefeber essay from MP book 4 reasons for expansion of the spanishamerican war General impulses for war by public and leaders (hearst pulitzer rivalry) yellow journalism, when someone whips the public in a frenzy to get into war Humanitarian reason but as an “aberration” spanish american war was a meant to be a humanitarian issue “Large policy” imperialism mahan, lodge, and roosevelt Economic drivers (biggest) What drove the US to effectively change course and gain territory Teller:was initially intended to help and can be see as the humanitarian reason Economic reason annexation of cuba was for gains Appearance of expediency but turned out to be the opposite Platt amendment: conditions by which US would pull out of cuba Decided not to annex but they cannot do anything else American Empire: During the gilded age there was what they called “new imperialism”: trying to civilize people American thoughts at home: because there was instability at home, people like carnegie began to trade outwards and participate in new imperialism. American was isolation in terms of how foreign countries influenced them but after this period, America was looking to see how could influence other countries. During the philippino war: racist towards their subjects and was in no way equal to americans. 1900 ELECTION: This was an election for the referendum on Mckinley's imperialist Downes Vs Bidwell, 182 US 244 (1901) sued on the grounds of the puerto rican territory, under the uniformity clause of the Constitution, he states that he should not have paid taxes on his goods and that they owed him money. The imperialists abjected his position because it challenged congressional authority to create laws for the territories that would be unconstitutional for the state. Puerto rico was not fully party of US, “foreign in a domestic sense” It was the first legally established legal government Huus: Foraker Act meant that Puerto rico’s port were considered within the united states for shipping purpose only. That means americans can go to the ports and do as they like (like guantanamo bay today) Therefore we know that constitutional rights are not extended to territories. Puerto rican were aware of themselves as second class citizens Guiding principles of American Foreign policy: Idealism Realism Gave US power to start policing the western hemisphere. Roosevelt thought that being the policemen of the world was the manly thing to do. He believed that if US didn't that someone else will. (Hoar) Senetor Anti imperialist and critic of the McKinley administration Denounces US intervention in panama Served on lodge committee to investigate US war crimes in the philippines Ideology tensions raised by american foreign policy of the 1890s Teddy Roosevelt: Aggressive foreign policy Favorite saying: west african proverb “speak softly and carry a big stick” Assistant sec. Navy under william Mckinley; resigned during the spanish american war to recruit the “rough riders” cavalry regiment which led in the battle of San Juan hill. President Mckinley’s VP (1900); took over after Mckinley’s assassination (1901) Established the “roosevelt corollary” to the monroe doctrine Won nobel peace prize in 1906 for negotiating settlement of the russojapanese war 1905 Conspicuous interventionist policy in the caribbean and central american His vision was that diplomates can promote commerce and carry on the civilization mission. Thaft: Dollar diplomacy Latin americans did not trust him or dollar diplomacy Willson: He was a progressive who believed on social engineering He wanted to soften “dollar diplomacy” He believed that he could help mankind thought expanding trade and manufacturing Moral imperialism concept that american ideals can be spread through exports and invests of manufactured goods. Open door policy free flow of trade, investment, information and culture His foreign policy was know as liberal internationalism liberal internationalism worldwide freedom will disappear without the US open door policy Sends troops more times than roosevelt in the caribbean By 1914 The US made ⅓ of the world's manufactured goods
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