Week 6 Notes POSC
Week 6 Notes POSC POSC 103
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Notetaker on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 103 at Towson University taught by Joseph Rudolph in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at Towson University.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Tuesday 10.4.16 Primary and General Elections as Linkages in the US Foreign policy works against domestic policy Citizens may reject war or call for troops to come home when that is not the best strategy for the government to choose > the government and the people disagree Informing the public about military plans also informs the enemy about what the government knows and what it is planning to do > sometimes there is secrecy Disinterested voters will vote for the presidential candidate they want, but then vote for everyone else on the ballot based on political party without considering, or being aware of, their views. Primaries allow the public’s voice to be heard before the actual election The US vs. other countries The US is the only country who uses primaries for all elections Voting is a right in the US, not an obligation o 40% of democratic countries require citizens to vote, the majority of democratic countries do not o If voting was mandatory in the US, those who are disinterested and uninformed would have to vote, which would influence the results Elections are calendar events in the US o This causes political parties to “go into hibernation” for three years o In parliamentary systems, elections can occur at any time What shapes elections? 1. The institutional setting/rules (independent variable) – exp. What offices are being run for 2. Voters (independent variable) – who votes, what issues are they focused on 3. Campaign (dependent variable) – the least important of the three variables o Those who spend the most money tend to lose the election because other factors (the independent variables) control the results o There are 20 “magic” states in the electoral college that presidents aim to campaign in Thursday 10.6.16 Voluntary Voting, U.S. Voting Behavior and Campaigns American Style The primaries were created to give the people more power and lessen the power of the parties. It worked because the people now decided who runs for president, not the parties. Who votes and why? Demographic factors 1. Age o The more you vote, the more likely you are to continue to vote because you have already registered and voting becomes habitual 2. Socioeconomic class o People vote so certain policies are made to benefit them, not harm them. The more a person has, the more that is at stake. 3. Education o Leads to efficacy, the sense of selfimportance or the belief that your vote matters 4. Closeness of elections/ Level of elections o If the polls show that an election’s results are close, more people vote to ensure that their choice wins. If the election is a runaway, people are less likely to vote believing that their vote will not change the outcome o More people vote for presidential elections and less for city council and other elections. 5. Party identity o Classified as “weak”, “moderate”, or “strong”. Those with strong party identity will vote even if they do not like the particular candidate running for office. They just want to see their party succeed. Campaigns focus on those with weak or moderate partisanship to motivate them to vote. o Party affiliation also impacts who else is voted for. On the ballot are presidential candidates as well as senators, representatives, state senators, state assemblymen, sheriffs, city councilmen, etc. People tend to vote consciously for the presidential candidate, but will vote for the others based on the political party they represent, not the ideas they stand for. Short term factors o Economic issues of the time. If they are good, the incumbent (the one who is currently in office) is likely to get reelected. If they are bad, the opposition is likely to get voted in. Random factors o The outbreak of war can result in the incumbent not getting reelected o The conclusion of war can result in the incumbent getting reelected o The personality of the candidate is considered a random factor because different voters look for different traits
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