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by: Huldah Kena
Huldah Kena
University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg

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About this Document

This informs students on how psychologist think we learn.
Introduction to Psychology
Jonathan Vallano
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psyhcology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Huldah Kena on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 0010 at University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg taught by Jonathan Vallano in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psyhcology at University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
Learning:  Week  8   Definition:  Due  to  a  bad  or  good  experience,  the  behavior  of   that  object  or  person  changes.     Two  ways  of  Learning             Operant  conditioning     Classical  Conditioning   (B.F.Skinner)     (  Ivan  Pavlov)   Reinforcement     Involuntary   Voluntary  behaviors     Automatic  behaviors             In  the  Real  World   Advertising:  Certain  products  are  assumed  to  be  make  people   feel  happy,  beautiful  or  handsome.   Ex:  The  new  Katy  Perry  mascara   Fetishes:  Some  people  have  feelings  for  materialistic  things   Ex:  Car  lovers   Phobias:  As  a  society  certain  objects  are  associated  with  goo d   or  bad  things  on  television.  We  have  learned  to  identify  objects   according  to  what  we  see  on  television.   Ex:  Phobia  of  clowns       Reinforcement  and  Punishment   Definition:  Reinforcement  is  increasing  the  chance  of   something  happening  again.   Definition:  Punishment  is  decreasing  the  chance  of  something   happening  again.     MOST  PSYCHOLOGIST  DO  NOT  ENFORCE  PUNISHMENT   -­‐ It  just  tells  a  person  or  thing  what  wrong  has  been   committed  but  not  how  to  fix  the  wrong.     Scenario:  Most  assume  punishment    physical,  verbally  or   displacement  of  item  we  love  to  have  and  play  with.  If  a  child   misbehaves  inappropriately  and  the  parent  takes  away  their   favorite  toy.  What  would  make  this  situation  a  reinforcement   or  punishment.  (Answer  will  be  on  the  last  page)     The  process  of  reinforcement   Fixed  ratio:  Receive  a  reinforcement  at  every  response   Variable  ratio:  Receive  a  reinforcement  sometimes  after  a   response   Fixed  interval:    Receive  a  reinforcement  after  every  other   response  depending  on  the  time  interval.   Variable  interval:  Receive  a  reinforcement  after  a  certain   amount  of  time.         Biology  has  an  influence  on  learning   -­‐ our  biology  influences  how  we  learn  because  different   living  organism  learn  differently .     Answer  to  Scenario:  The  situation  is  a  punishment  if  the   child  stops  the  bad  behavior.  The  situation  is  a   reinforcement  if  the  child’s  bad  behavior  continues.      


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