Com 114 notes chapter 2: perception
Com 114 notes chapter 2: perception com 114
Purdue University Calumet
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kira Lisle on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to com 114 at Purdue University Calumet taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see fundamentals of speech in Communications at Purdue University Calumet.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Chapter 2: Perception ❖ Stimuli: the messages you are sending or receiving ❖ Perception is the process of assigning meaning to the stimuli ❖ Captivation level ❖ Process of perception ➢ Selective attention: what we choose to pay attention to or ignore ➢ Organization: categorizing stimuli into patterns ■ Subcategories ■ Similarity, proximity, and closure ➢ Interpretation: making sense of stimuli with the use of our frame of reference ■ Personal construct, prototypes ■ factors(2): ● Attribution > assigning cause for self and others ● Self serving bias > seeing ourselves in positive light blaming everything else or everyone else ❖ Perception of ourselves ➢ Self-concept: how we perceive ourselves (ie: mother, son, daughter, father, girl) ➢ Self-esteem: measure of self-worth ➢ Self-fulfilling prophecy: our behavior matches someone else’s expectations ➢ Reflective appraisal: seeing ourselves through other people’s eyes (aka: the looking glass) ❖ Stereotyping: categorizing people, places, objects, events or concepts into groups based on generalized characters ➢ “Allness”: group stereotyping ➢ “Halo and Horns” (good or bad): individual stereotyping ❖ Impression management: how we want others to perceive us ❖ Perception checking: using questions to clarify our understandings of the message ➢ Asking questions ➢ Paraphrasing another's messages ➢ Interpreting the message
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