Lecture 4 Notes
Lecture 4 Notes HIST1013
Popular in US History 1495-1895
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kenzie Blakely on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST1013 at Texas Woman's University taught by Aubri Thurmond in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see US History 1495-1895 in History at Texas Woman's University.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Lecture 4 Colonies in an Age of Empire By 1700 all of the mainland colonies were English colonies! Mercantilism Navigation Acts Only English / colonial merchants & ships could engage in trade in the colonies Certain valuable American goods (enumerated goods) could only be sold in England or other English colonies All foreign goods destined for sale in the colonies had to be shipped by England 1 so that English taxes would be paid Colonies couldn’t export products that competed with English products Aimed to forced American trade around England o Lead to a very thriving shipping industry, but very hard to enforce! Politics 1. King sends Edward Randolph to Massachusetts to see if they are following Navigation acts; finds out that Puritans are “ Intolerant” (1676) 2. King withdrew charter and makes it a royal colony 3. King James II withdrew charters and renamed it “Dominion of New England” a. Gets rid of their own government b. Send Edmond Andros (military officer) c. Withdraws land rights makes owners reapply for already owned land d. Raises taxes 4. Expands to New York 5. King James II daughter and husband overthrew him no blood shed (William and Mary) a. Established a constitutional Monarchy b. Political rights c. Religious toleration d. “Glorious Revolution” John Locke Social Contract “If government becomes corrupt.. people have a right to revolution” Basis of Glorious Revolution Impacted our revolutionary war and constitution Salem witch trials after dominion was overthrown while there is no charter over Massachusetts ** Proprietors were replaced by elected local government officials In the 18 Century more men could vote in the colonies than in England! Requirements are as follows: 1. Free 2. White 3. Land owner 4. Male By 1684 American ships made up 30% of the British Fleet Anglicanism: Colonists living, dressing, and mimicking life of English people. (Ex. Copied clothing, and publish newspapers with British news) Population Growth Unprecedented growth from 250,000 2.1 Million in the years between 1700 and 1770 o 50% was under than age of 16 o Taxed land resources o Due to natural reproduction criminals, debtors, and other undesirables (50,000) were sent from England to found Georgia in 1732 Back Country = Western By mid 1700s sex ratio between slaves evened out and slave population was growing out of a natural increase! Colonies without plantations systems took an active role in the slave trade! Religious Revivalism 1. 2 decades 2. Great awakening 3. Commitment to an emotionally revived religion 4. Thanks to Anglican Missionary George Whitefield Effects of Great Awakening (Religious Revivalism) 1. Lead to establishment of several Evangelical colleges (ex. Dartmouth) 2. Encouraged women to speak up and convinced them they had value in God’s eyes 3. Preached to both slaves and free people 4. Common protestant religious culture ( Baptists and Methodists) Warfare 1. 16891748 Major European powers were at war with eachother a. Part of every single one of those wars was fought in the colonies 2. War was over land a. Results: colonists had to unify, create a militia and fight 3. 17541763 England VS. France a. 7 years war/ French and Indian War/ Great war for Empire b. Fought on i. North America ii. Europe iii. Asia 4. France lost Canada to English a. War broke out in Pennsylvania by George Washington (accidentally fired when he was not supposed to) 5. 1755 Prominent colonists write “The Albany Plan of Union” to raise taxes, unify colonies, support militia, and work on diplomacy… WAS NOT APPROVED 6. 1763 War ends by signing “Treaty of Paris” England has supremacy Consequences and Outcomes of the 7 Years War Colonists gloried in their British identity o France was synonymous with Tyranny (Absolutist System) Hardened Stereotypes Britain’s debt was around 133,000,000.00 Pounds o Taxation of colonies to help Also had disdain for British Military officers o Seen as “snobby” o 10,000 soldiers stationed in colonies post war seen as a threat to civil liberties of colonists Proclamation line of 1763 1. Soldiers stationed along Appalachian Mountains to keep colonists from moving further west 2. Put in place to keep the Indians happy (more or less really just “at bay”)
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