HIST 114 Week Five Notes
HIST 114 Week Five Notes HIST 114-001
Popular in American History Up Unitl 1877
Popular in American History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Siegesmund on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 114-001 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Ott in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see American History Up Unitl 1877 in American History at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
A.R. = American Revolution Key Terms Important Info Branson Notes The book is about Ann Carson. She was a woman in the early 19 century who went against stereotypes and become one of the most notorious criminals at that time in the U.S. The prescribed behavior of women was that they were second to men. They must behave, watch children, and obey their husbands. Ann Carson did anything but that. Susan Branson is using Ann Carson’s autobiography and her memoir both written/ghostwritten by Mary Clarke. Ann Carson’s marriage is very messy. First of all, she did not want to marry John Carson. Secondly, he does not make money. Lastly, the money he does make goes to pay for the alcohol he consumes. Because of his alcohol problem, he is rarely around. This is why Ann Carson must provide for her family. Mary Clarke publishes the Tea Tray in hopes of making money through writing. It does not do well, and also she has a hard time keeping up. Therefore, she apologizes in her publications because she wants her readers to know she is only human as well. It also helps her readers feel connected to the author which could possibly make them want to continue reading her issues. Clarke and Carson both have to rely on themselves for an income. They are also both working women. During this time period, working women were not common. The husbands were expected to support the family. Therefore, Carson and Clarke were going against this stereotype. After rumors of Carson dying while in Russia, and three years of his absence, Ann Carson decided it was time to begin dating men again. She was very favorable, especially to Richard Smith. Smith was determined to make her his wife, so he kept pressuring her to marry him. He took her to several places with a clergy and kept pushing her to marry him. She eventually said yes. One day, however, John Carson ends up coming home and is outraged at the sight of this “adultery.” Carson continually threatens Smith, so Smith goes out to acquire a pistol. One day when Carson was threatening Smith again, Smith shoots Carson. Carson doesn’t survive and Smith is charged with murder. Smith’s trial is complicated because the whole problem is whether or not Smith was legally married to Ann Carson. If they were not married, then Carson had the right to defend his marriage and threaten Smith. However, if Smith and Ann were successfully married (this would mean that the rumors of Carson’s death were justified and evidently correct in the judge’s eye), then Smith had the right to defend HIS marriage and family. Smith is found guilty, ultimately, because the jury believed that Ann Carson had no reason to believe the rumors of Carson’s death. Therefore, Carson was only protecting his marriage by threatening Smith. A.R. = American Revolution Key Terms Important Info th The rights that the husband had in the 19 century are very tragic for Ann Carson. Ann’s happiness with Smith was not considered. The fact that Carson was an alcoholic and constantly absent were not considered. The fact that Carson was gone for an entire three years were not considered. The fact that Carson supposedly made a lot of money overseas but only returned with $6 was not considered either. In this day and age, all those considerations would definitely make Ann Carson and Smith’s actions justified. However, women were not seen in this light. The women and to obey the husband and always remain faithful. If she wanted to remarry she would have needed a divorce which would mean that she would have had to wait for her husband to return after so many years. Ann Carson plans to rescue Smith from death row by kidnapping Governor Snyder (or his children) and holding them ransom until he lets Smith go. She resorts to such drastic means because she tried to bribe and get him other by other ways, and this is all that is left. Also, it will make a statement that Snyder was wrong in his conviction. Ann does not complete the plan in time and Smith is killed. In his confession, he blames Carson for everything he did, and he says that everything was because she seduced him. This is heartbreaking for Carson. The press is there to create a public opinion of Ann. Politics are affecting the outcome of Ann’s sentences. Lastly, the courtroom theatrics are putting her conviction in a humorous light so it helps her prove her innocence. Carson was not found guilty of conspiracy for many reasons. First of all, the defense team put on a show for the people in the room, making the charges against her seem not as significant. Secondly, most of the evidence was just rumors or claims of people. There was no concrete fact or solid testifying witnesses. Lastly, the key witness would have been Governor Snyder himself, but he refused to testify. This made Carson’s story much more reliable. The Revolution Within All men created equal? The radicalism of the A.R. and its limits Rejection of the system of authority in the colonies Chain of Being is questioned Break with authority but keeping slave and household rights/laws New Constitutions: Pennsylvania 1 legislature, no governor No property ownership needed to vote but yet they need to be able to pay taxes Power vacuum is left by loyalists and fulfilled by radicalists (Thomas Paine) o Traditional elites are no longer on top A.R. = American Revolution Key Terms Important Info Doesn’t happen in a lot of other countries John Adams advocates for a balanced government to avoid abuse between classes o Wants a bicameral legislature, a governor and a judiciary Conservatives think it is ridiculous that anyone can vote, even those who are uneducated and illiterate John Adams believes suffrage would destroy distinction among classes and make everyone on the same level Suffrage Property qualifications remain in states with deference (poor should let rich max decisions) Ex. Virginia and S. Carolina. Strong legislators also appoint governors Most white men can vote in the colonies, excluding NY, VA, and MD New sense of freedom (voting) General expansion of those who can vote Freedom and liberty felt due to expansion of the rights to suffrage Separation of Church and State “Wall of Separation” was separating the church and state o Religion is right without any government interference o Churches were being paid for by taxes, so people realize that they must be separate to not cause conflicts o Increase in religion – “spiritual marketplace” o Shouldn’t have religion being corrupt with politics Most states get rid of state-sponsored denominations o Denominations try to cater to the lifestyles and personal beliefs/ideas of citizens However, only Christians are free. Jews cannot vote or hold office Economic Equality “Free Labor”/Decline of Indentured Servitude o Began to have economies in regional and local o Used AR to reject servitude Totally gone by 1800s Cheaper to pay them as workers than to supply them with food, housing, etc. Land Reform o Land wanted to be redistributed to the poor Free from binding allegiances Can vote Limit power by limiting the amount of land the rich can Economic Liberty? Urban protests against price gouging o Explosion in prices inflation due to printed money Intervention for the “public good” versus the “invisible hand” of Free Trade o Acting outside of public good A.R. = American Revolution Key Terms Important Info o Natural social harmony if anyone intervenes Economic merged with religion o Religion plays huge role in reinforcing existing power structures Adam Smith’s “Wealth of Nations” Limits of Liberty Loyalists make up 20-25% of colonists Loyalists benefit from mercantilism Many leave with British Slavery and the Revolution Irony and hypocrisy in the pieces on liberty/slavery o Jefferson owns 100 slaves Slaves were considered private property protected from government interference Some conversation and concern about slavery and liberty during the revolutionary era Taking away slaves is like enslaving their owner Freedom Petitions African Americans use AR as a way out of slavery British Emancipation Many slaves responded to Lord Dunmore’s proclamation and 100,000 went to help out the British o After, 15,000 left to go to Great Britain o Slaves want to side with British (both oppose colonists) o Granted freedom if they go to Great Britain Voluntary Manumission Some slave owners emancipate slaves o The war left some plantations in bad shape, so slave owners freed their slaves o This happened mostly in the North and most often in VA and MD, but not the south Abolition in the North Vermont bans slavery in 1777 as well as states north of MD. New Jersey is last in 1807 The abolition is slow, and happens due to the view of property rights o In 1830, there are 3,500 in the North o 18 in NJ in 1860 Some slavery took a new form: indentured servitude for 28 years, then free (slave children) Free Black Communities A.R. = American Revolution Key Terms Important Info 10,000 freed slaves in 1776 200,000 in 1810, mostly VA and MD However, still increases by 200,000 slaves in that time, so the change is unnoticeable Growth of African American communities o Develop ways of functioning on own o Inspiration for abolitionism o AR opportunity for freedom, but man still enslaved and abused Daughters of Liberty Crucial role in success Women changing consuming actions and interactions o Bread Riots o Patriotic Consumption o Homespun Virtue Making own clothing, food, etc. due to boycotts Camp Followers and Spies o Cook, aid military in AR Ladies Associations o Fundraise to support military Gender Roles Woman = families Coverture o Husbands have legal property over wives Men are empowered after the war and believe that controlling the family is freedom Republican Motherhood Need to teach their sons principles of liberty and government for the future Expansion of education o Safeguard through education o Successfully set up schools Companionate Marriage o Men and women are a team Women and Equality Women are treated as property and inferior to men With the issue of slavery, women’s rights are overlooked
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