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Christian Scriptures- The Book of Psalms (Wk 7)

by: Harry Hasbrouck

Christian Scriptures- The Book of Psalms (Wk 7) REL 1310

Marketplace > Baylor University > Religion > REL 1310 > Christian Scriptures The Book of Psalms Wk 7
Harry Hasbrouck
Baylor University

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These notes cover week 7 notes the lecture from Tuesday is listed first which covers the types of Psalms. The Thursday notes cover the book of Proverbs and the character and the two sections of the...
The Christian Scriptures
Dr. Derek Dodson
Class Notes
Baylor, religion
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Harry Hasbrouck on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1310 at Baylor University taught by Dr. Derek Dodson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see The Christian Scriptures in Religion at Baylor University.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
Prologue: Hebrew Poetry A. the primary feature of Hebrew poetry is parallelism, that is, juxtaposition of two lines that are related; occasionally the poetic verse contains three lines. The relationship between the lines varies 1. Synonymous paralelism- the two lines that we call a couplet; the second line repeats the synonymous with the first line. “I declare that your steadfast love is established forever…” (Ps. 89:2) “When Israel went forth from Egypt, the house of Jacob…” (Ps. 114:1) 2. Antithetical Parallelism- the second line is the opposite of the first line, second line expressed opposite of the sentiment. “For the Lord watches over the way of the righteous…” (Ps. 1:6) “The wicked borrows…” (Ps. 37:21-22) 3. “Stair step” or Progressive- the second line completes the thought of the first line “I will give thanks to the LORD with my whole heart…) (Ps. 111:1) “Blessed be the LORD…) (Ps. 28:6) 4. Parallelism between couplets- the first couplet God has done something; the second couplet completes the thought Conclusion- these types of parallelism are conventional and create a level of expectation. Thus, when these conventions are not followed or disrupted the reader should in most cases attach emphasis B. Hebrew Poetry is also characterized by poetic imagery, similes, and metaphors. “As a deer pants for flowing streams…” (Ps. 42:3-4) ‘The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want…” (Ps. 23: 1-2) “Therefore the Lord recompensed me according…” (Ps. 18:24) “As a father pities his children…” (Ps. 103:13) C. Hebrew poetry used repetition for emphasis “The Lord of hosts is with us…” (Ps. 46:7, 11) “Wy are you cast down, O my soul…) (Ps. 42:5, 11; 43:5 D. Types of Psalms Psalms of Praise or Hymns- characterized by numerous descriptions of God’s worthy name, deeds, and attributes. It expresses an awe-filled sense of confidence in God’s power and character. Structure: Introduction- invocation to praise God. Body- reasons to praise God Conclusion- renewed call to praise God; repetition of the introduction Psalm of Lament- focuses on the realities of suffering, disorder, sin , and oppression, and appeals to God for deliverance from this trouble and distress. Structure: Innovation- addresses God Compliant - describes the crisis. Petition- pleads for help Conclusion- expresses trust in God and/or promises to praise God when delivered Psalm of Thanksgiving- expresses thanksgiving to God for God’s delivering action from some crisis. Structure: Introduction- announces intent to give thanks and praise God. Narrative- recounts the crisis, plea for help, and the deliverance Conclusion- repeats the expression of thanksgiving and praise. E. The Shape of the Psalter 1. Not accidental, haphazard collection, but purposeful, editorial arrangement. Evidence of this intentional shaping: Five-book Structure: Book 1: 1-41 Book 2: 42-72 Book 3: 73-89 Book 4: 90-106 Book 5: 107-150 Psalm 1650 itself is a doxology that not only concludes Book 5 but also the entire Psalter Psalm 1 as an Introduction to the Psalter Psalm 1 is a torah psalm, which provides the proper perspective by which to read the Psalter. The effect: what were once separate expressions of faith directed to God are now collectively God’s torah (instruction) to the faithful. this impression is reinforced by the five- book structure, corresponding to the five books of Moses. 2. General Development in the Psalter From Individual to communal From lament to praise From failure of monarchy to King Yahweh movement to recognize that Yahweh is true king acclamation and praise to Yahweh The Book of Proverbs Introduction: Jewish Wisdom Literature 1. Content: Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, Sirach (also know as Ecclesiasticus), and Wisdom of Solomon 2. Character international- extensive parallels with both Egyptian and Mesopotamian didactic/wisdom material. ahistorical- omit references to the ancestral covenant, the Exodus, the Mosaic covenant, the centrality of Jerusalem, and the Davidic covenant. it does look back at history as a basis for its instructions non-historical 3. Concern: a human search for knowledge that enriches life or makes existence bearable. Jewish wisdom literature grounds this search theologically (“the fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom”), but the overall perspective continues to be anthropocentric (Job?) anthropocentric- human-centered What is a proverb? a proverb is a short, memorable saying that encapsulates a truth about life. Proverbs are typically framed as matter of fact statements of the way things are, and often their lessons are expressed in comparison or metaphors. These statements about they way things are, however, are really lessons about the way you should be. Biblical proverbs frequently contain a play on words or alliteration, at least in the original Hebrew. Most biblical probers take the form of Hebrew parallelism. we find two line parallelism A soft answer turns away wrath…(Prov. 15:1) A. Proverbs 1-9-Introduction these chapters serve as an introduction it’s poetic essays we find several themes in these poetic essays 1. The purpose of Proverbs (Prov. 1:2-6) 2. The fundamental basis of wisdom (1:7) the fear of the LORD si the beginning knowledge; wisdom and discipline fools despise. 3. Personification of Wisdom (1:20-33; 4:5-9; 8:1-36; 9:1-6) Wisdom is female Wisdom is presented as an agent of creation B. Proverbial Wisdom-10-30 consists primarily of two-lined proverbs, the intention of which is to create a world of values in a binary way. The most common opposing themes are: 1. Wisdom and Folly Proverbs 16:22 2. The righteous and wicked Proverbs 10:30 3. Rich and poor Proverbs 10:15 4. Industry & Laziness Proverbs 10:4 5. Humility & Pride Proverbs 11:2 When interpreting proverbs, it is important to take the proverbs in ac cumulative manner. applying individual proverbs calls for serious discernment, recognizing that proverbial wisdom is situational. Consider 26:4-5 C. Concluding Poem- 31:10-31 the concluding poem returns to female imagery. Given its context in the books of Proverbs, does this poem of the ideal wife now refer to Lady Wisdom? connections to earlier proverbs the proverb at the end is lady wisdom D. Traditional Wisdom Qualified 1. Job Structure Narrative Prologue Job’s lament Dialogue Cycles First Cycle Second Cycle Third Cycle Job’s Final Discourse Elihu’s Speeches God’s Speech; Theophany Narrative Epilogue: Job’s Reversal 2. Job Purpose “The great drama of Job wrestles with the problem of evil….here the issues are stated terms of theodicy that is, the reconciliation of suffering/evil and divine justice.” Theodicy- tries to answer the question of how their can be can evil in the world when there is a good God. The book of job addresses the true nature of righteousness: right relationship with God dived of selfish motives. Does Job have a relationship with God for what he can get, or does he have a relationship with God simply because of who God is? 3. Job Central Purpose Job God Ha-satan- “the adversary” The Friends- representative of traditional wisdom Eliphaz Zophar 4. Job The Dialogues Job’s reply no coherent response; remains confounded maintains his innocence and often urges, even demands, that God reveal himself and explain why God is afflicting Job God’s Speeches God does come to Job, but God offers no answers only Job’s response-40:1-3 God’s response Job-42:1-6 (on test)


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