PSY 320 Week 7 Notes
PSY 320 Week 7 Notes PSY 320
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
verified elite notetaker
Psych 100-01 - Introduction to Psychology
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erin Wade on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at Colorado State University taught by Martha D Amberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Colorado State University.
Reviews for PSY 320 Week 7 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/07/16
10/3/16 Suicide - Self-inflicted ● Intention to die, not to just hurt themselves - Completed suicide - ended in death - Suicide attempt - the process that may or may not end in death - Suicidal ideation - suicidal thoughts that occur before any attempts are made - Stats ● 34,598 people die by suicide a year in the US ○ 94 a day ● Almost twice as many people die by suicide (34,598) in the US than homicide (18,361) - Demographics ● Rare in children ● Increases in early adolescence (hard time trying to fit in) ● More reported attempts in females ○ Often choose methods that aren’t as lethal (pills, poison, least messy methods) ● More completed suicides in men ○ Chose methods that more often end in death (guns) ● Hispanic females have high rates ● Older males at high risk for suicide (more risk factors - friends dying, economic hardship, debilitating illnesses) ○ Most elderly women have more helpful relationships, so they are at lower risk ○ Older men have less friends/connections to family, so if one of the few connections dies it is more impactful ○ Highest risk is European American men over 85 - Suicide and College ● Over 1,000 students on college campuses (people living in dorms etc.) commit suicide per year ● Suicide 2nd leading cause of death between 25 to 34 and 3rd between 15 to 24 ● One in 10 college students has made a plan for suicide - Aspects promoting suicide ● Psychological disorders ○ Depression ○ Bipolar disease/Manic depression ● Stressful life events ○ Violence and sexual abuse ○ Loss of a loved one ○ Economic hardship ○ Physical illness - Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) - significantly injuring oneself without intention to die ● Cry for help ● Something very dangerous that could potentially kill them, but they are not planning on dying - Historical perspectives on suicide ● Durkheim’s theory ○ Egoistic suicide - feels alienated from others ○ Anomic suicide - experience severe disorientation from society ○ Altruistic suicide - believe that taking own life will benefit society in some way (when people have some type of debilitating disease, they may think that taking their own lives will relieve pressure on other people to take care of them) ● Social ties and integration into society help prevent suicide - Suicide Contagion ● Suicide cluster - nonrandom group of suicide completions and attempts ○ People who knew someone who died ○ Linked by media exposure - when people feel like they knew someone who died (celebrity suicides) ○ Suicide pact - there was usually someone they knew who committed suicide and then the pact is created ● Suicide contagion - modeling behavior from friend or admired celebrity Personality disorders - Personality ● Determines how one feels, interacts, and perceives events ● Personality trait - pattern of behavior, thought, and feeling that is stable across time and across many situations ● Personality disorder - fundamental deficits in people in: ○ Who they are - lacking certain characteristics or traits that affect how they view themselves, how others view them ○ Their ability to have relationships - Steps in diagnosing personality disorder ● Level of functioning - sense of self or relationships with others ● Pathological personality traits ● Meet criteria for personality disorder - Core personality traits (everyone falls somewhere on continuum) ● Negative affectivity - ability to be even-tempered and calm, secure, and able to handle stress (want to have negative affectivity) ● Detachment - appropriately outgoing and trusting of others (want to be in the middle) ● Antagonism: ○ Positive - Honesty, appropriate modesty, concern ○ Negative - Deceitfulness, grandiosity, callousness 10/5/16 Cluster A - will not be tested on Cluster B - Dramatic and Erratic ● Problems with being overly emotional and having unpredictable thinking or behavior Antisocial Personality Disorder - Pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others ● Must be over 15 ● Have 3 of the following ○ Failure to conform to society’s rules and regulations ○ Deceitfulness and conning others for personal profit or pleasure ○ Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead ○ Irritability or aggressiveness as indicated by repeated fights or assaults ○ Reckless disregard for safety of self or others ○ Consistent irresponsibility ○ Lack of remorse Borderline Personality Disorder - Benchmarks ● Out-of-control emotions ● Hypersensitivity to abandonment ● Tendency to cling too tightly to other people ○ Holding on to people too tightly can push them away ● History of hurting oneself - not suicidal, no intent to kill themselves - Pathological personality traits ○ Unstable self-concept and moods - dependent on others to validate them ○ High antagonism ○ Negative affectivity - Characterized by: ○ Fundamental deficits in identity and in interpersonal relationships ○ Unstable self concept - periods of extreme self-doubt alternating with grandiose self-importance - Theories of Borderline Personality Disorder ○ Cognitive theory ■ Childhood abuse, neglect, and instability contribute to difficulties in regulating emotions and in attaining a positive stable identity through several mechanisms ○ Psychoanalytic theory ■ People never learned to fully differentiate their view of themselves from their views of others. Makes them extremely reactive to others’ opinions of them and to the possibility of abandonment ○ Neurobiological theory ■ Smaller amygdala and hippocampus results in difficulty in regulating moods ■ Structural and metabolic abnormalities in the prefrontal cortex ● Resulting in dysregulation of emotional reactions and control of impulsive behavior ○ Biological theory ■ Symptoms are heritable ● Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder ○ Dialectical behavior therapy ■ Gaining more realistic and positive sense of self independant from other people ■ Learning adaptive skills for solving problems and regulating emotions ■ Correcting dichotomous thinking (thinking that is extremely one side or the other, no grey areas) ○ Cognitive therapy treatments ■ Systems training for emotional predictability and problem solving (STEPPS) ● Shows greater improvement in negative affect, impulsivity, and functioning - Narcissistic Personality Disorder ● Associated with ○ Self-importance and arrogance ○ Seeking constant, unwarranted, admiration from others ○ Relying on self-evaluations and seeing dependency on others as weak and dangerous ● Results in high rates of substance abuse and of mood and anxiety disorders ● Theories of Narcissistic Personality Disorder ○ Psychodynamically oriented theory ■ Symptoms are maladaptive strategies for managing emotions and self-views ○ Cognitive theory ■ Result of unrealistically positive assumptions about self-worth developed because of indulgence and overvaluation by others during childhood ■ People develop the belief that they are unique or exceptional as a defense against rejection by important people in their lives ● Treatments for Narcissistic Personality Disorder ○ Cognitive techniques help develop: ■ Realistic expectations of their abilities ■ Sensitivity to the needs of others ■ Learning to challenge their initially self-aggrandizing interpretations of situations ○ Majority of the affected people don’t seek treatment - Histrionic Personality Disorder ● Pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking ○ Uncomfortable when they are not the center of attention ○ Often inappropriate sexually seductive behavior ○ Rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotion ○ Consistently uses physical appearance to draw attention to self ○ Speech excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail ○ Self-dramatization and exaggerated emotion ○ Suggestible - change opinions etc. depending on situation ○ Considers relationships to be more intimate than they are 10/7/16 Cluster C Personality Disorders A - odd B - dramatic C - anxious and/or fearful ● Avoidant ● Dependent ● Obsessive/Compulsive Avoidant Personality Disorder - Avoid social situations - Fear rejection and embarrassment ● Hypersensitive to negative views - Negative self-view ● Inadequate, unappealing, inept, low self-esteem ● Self-perpetuating beliefs - Vigilant to people around them and social cues, but misread them - Want to have relationships, they are just too afraid (Can have relationships, but they aren’t very good because the person with the disorder needs the other to love them unconditionally, give them no criticisms, etc.) - Shy, lonely, isolated - Etiology ● 2.4% prevalence ● More women ● History of emotional neglect ● Cognitive perspective - dysfunctional beliefs from early rejection ○ Don’t know if cognitions, neglect or personality disorder came first ● Same genes in Avoidant personality disorder and Social anxiety - Differential diagnosis ● Social Anxiety Disorder ○ Continuum ○ Avoidant PD - more extreme, overarching, long-lasting - Treatment ● CBT Therapy - exposure, social skills, reframing ● SSRIs for anxiety - treatment, not cure Dependent Personality Disorder - Need to be cared for ● Reassurance ● Advice ● Responsibility ○ Have a key person or two that they have latched onto ○ Checking with person to make sure they’re doing things right - Terrified of being alone ● Overly agreeable ● Will do unpleasant tasks - do things to stay in good favor of their person ● Feels uncomfortable/helpless ● Urgently seeks new relationships upon one ending ● Preoccupied with this fear - Low Self-Esteem ● Needs others validation ● Difficulty initiating/working alone - Etiology ● 0.5% ● Strong genetic component ● Chronic illness or separation anxiety may predispose people to disorder ● Cognitive - inflexible beliefs about their needs - Differential diagnosis ● Dependence due to medical condition needs to be taken into account (doesn’t count as personality disorder) - Treatment ● Relatively likely to seek treatment ● Variety of therapies may help ● More challenging than assumed Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) - Preoccupation with lists, details, organization and lose the point of the activity ● Ex: trying to get their planner perfectly organized, color coded etc, and forget the purpose of the planner - Perfection without completion of tasks - Excessively devoted to work - Inflexible morals ● Black and white, no gray areas - Keep worthless objects ● Might need it some day - Don’t delegate or do group work - Hoard money ● Prevent future catastrophes - Rigid and stubborn - Unexpressive in relationships, upset when not in control - Etiology ● 7.9% ● Cognitive - overly strong beliefs ● Biological - similar genes to OCD ● History - neglect - Differential diagnosis ● OCD - anxiety ○ Motivation is to prevent disaster with rituals ○ Know that they have a problem ○ Symptoms vary over time ● OCPD - personality ○ Motivation is to be perfect ○ May not understand as much why other people are bothered ○ Consistent symptoms - Treatment ● Drugs to help reduce anxiety and depression ● Psychodynamic ○ Identify and challenge negative perceptions ○ Gain better sense of self-awareness ● Cognitive-behavioral ○ Examine thought patterns and responses and modify thoughts that lead to negative feelings or behaviors
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'