Lecture 5 Imperial Breakdown
Lecture 5 Imperial Breakdown HIST1013
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kenzie Blakely on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST1013 at Texas Woman's University taught by Aubri Thurmond in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see US History 1495-1895 in History at Texas Woman's University.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Lecture 5 Imperial Breakdown More Navigation Acts 1. The Wool Act (1699) a. Forbade commercial production of colonial wool 2. The Hat Act (1732) a. Forbade production of colonial hats 3. The Molasses Act (1733) a. Higher taxation on French Molasses 4. Iron Act (1750) a. Forbade production of colonial iron Salutary Neglect: Britain ignoring problems in the colonies. Basically letting the colonies govern themselves. After war Britain ends salutary neglect and then assumed all control of the colonies because they needed money postwar. They figured since the colonies were an entity of Britain they had to pay to help fund postwar debts. Sugar Act : Lowered tax of Molasses but is now actually being enforced. People sent to colonies to enforce and collect taxes, people who avoided taxes were sent to Vice Admiralty Courts (military courts) Stamp Act: Enacted in 1765 instead of taxing items at a point of importation, they were taxed at point of sale (Sales Tax). All paper goods had to have a stamp that was already paid for. This represented a new form of colonial taxation. Liberty Mobs Local basis Stormed the homes of tax collectors Tarring & feathering was a popular form of embarrassment/torture among them Destroying stamps o Ex. Destruction of Thomas Hutchinson’s home Often organized by craftsmen and artisans who called themselves the Sons of Liberty o Samuel Adams (leader) John Adams’ 2 cousin Elected official in Boston Stamp Act Congress Delegates from 9 colonies Affirmed loyalty to British King but list out grievances of the Stamp Act Committees of correspondence o Help colonies organize themselves better Fundamental to colonies joint efforts In the eyes of the colonies the Stamp Act signified taxation without representation!!! Because they have no representation in parliament Violators would be tried in Vice Admiralty Courts (without an actual jury) Colonists were facing questions of sovereignty a. Elective legislatures had political authorities to pass laws for colonies b. Parliament believes they have sovereignty over the colonies Virtual Representation : Colonies were ‘virtually’ represented in parliament because members of parliament were voting on behalf of the entire British Empire. Colonists boycotted paper, and English goods! Parliament repealed the Stamp Act because British merchants requested in be repealed on the basis of loosing business Declaratory Act: 1766 Parliament reserved the right to legislate the colonies when and however they want to. The Townshend Duties: 1767 Taxed goods at point of importation this included, paper, paint, tea, glass, and lead. The colonists responded with boycotts and liberty mobs. Daughters of Liberty Found substitutions for English goods o Homespun clothes made in America Coffee instead of tea ** Merchants complained again to Parliament they repealed all Townshend duties except for the tax on tea** Boston More violent public protestors 1768 King stationed troops there because the rioting was so bad o Bothered colonists and lead to the Boston Massacre. Boston Massacre: Soldiers opened fire on colonists after being treated like Sh*t (Being spat on, rock throwing, etc..) Killed 5 men and injured 6 others. 1773 Parliament granted British East India Company a monopoly on British tea imports to colonies (tea with tax). Taxed tea was cheaper than smuggled tea but colonists refused to buy it because they still felt it was illegally taxed. Boston Tea Party: Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians and boarded the Dartmouth (ship) and dumped 10,000 pounds ($800,000,000) worth of tea into the Boston Harbor. Intolerable Acts 1. Repercussions of the Tea Party 2. Boston’s port was shut down 3. Representative government was outlawed 4. Trials allowed outside of Massachusetts 5. Quartering Act (forced colonists to allow British Soldiers in their home) Some Effects of the Intolerable Acts 1. Caused colonists to all join together 2. 1 Continental Congress a. Suffic Resolves i. Called colonists to bear arms ii. Said Intolerable Acts were unconstitutional iii. Stopped export of American goods
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