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MUSI 1107, Week 8 Class Notes

by: Kat

MUSI 1107, Week 8 Class Notes MUSI 1107

Marketplace > Kennesaw State University > Music > MUSI 1107 > MUSI 1107 Week 8 Class Notes
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About this Document

These are all the notes we took in class for the week. All of these topics will be on the test.
Music in Society
Professor Nathaniel Parker
Class Notes
Music History
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kat on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSI 1107 at Kennesaw State University taught by Professor Nathaniel Parker in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Music in Society in Music at Kennesaw State University.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
MUSI1107,Week 8 ClassNotes Instrumental musical instruments are the norm now 1. Genres Discussed a. Symphony b. Concerto c. String Quartet d. Sonata Sonata 2. 2 different meanings a. Sonata form i. Structure b. Also a genre 3. One of the 3 movement genre a. 1 movement: Long and dramatic b. 2 Movement: Slow rd c. 3 Movement: Lively 4. Solo Sonata (typically piano) 5. Duo Sonata (piano and one other instrument) a. Almost always a piano in a sonata 4 Movement 3 Movement Large Symphony Concerto Chamber String Quartet Sonata Large Ensembles 1. Symphony a. Hayden: Military Symphony, II i. Unconventional Percussion Instruments 1. Only listening guide that has percussion b. Beethoven: Symphony #5, I i. Minor c. Beethoven: Symphony #5, II i. Theme in variation ii. The meter is a triple meter 1. Subdivision is duple d. Beethoven: Symphony #5, III i. Fast; feel a steady pulse e. Beethoven: Symphony #5, IV i. Major 2. Concerto a. Hayden: Trumpet Concerto i. Listen to the trumpet solo 3. Serenade (Various Movements) a. Mozart: Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (a little night music), I i. STRINGS ONLY FOR MOZART; BEETHOVEN HAS PERCUSSION AS WELL ii. b. Mozart: Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (a little night music), II Small Ensemble (Chamber) 4. String Quartet a. Hayden: Emperor Quartet 5. Sonata: a. Beethoven: Moonlight Sonata, I i. If you hear piano, this is the only choice Vocal-Orchestra b. Opera i. Mozart: Excerpt from Don Giovanni 1. Only solo singing 2. Italian c. Mass i. Mozart: Dies Irae from Requiem 1. If you hear chorus, this is the only choice 2. Latin Beethoven 1. 1770-1827 1. Mystery and art in music started around him 2. Born in Germany 3. Made career in Vienna a. Musical capital of the world at the time b. Public Concerts c. Publishes works 4. Gifts as a pianist recognized at an early age a. Great improviser 5. Treated as an equal and not a servant as a patronage a. The first major composer in history succeeded at composing independently (not as a patronage) 6. He became so important in Vienna that very wealthy people wanted to pay him heavily to stay in Vienna 7. Is Deaf a. Didn’t happen immediately. Eroded over time. By time he passed away he was completely deaf. b. When he realized that he was going deaf it was a very dramatic point in his life. Thought about killing himself. Wrote a suicide note to his brother but ever sent it c. Came out of his suicide. Decided to triumph his loss of hearing. HE did. Wrote many of his great works as he was losing his hearing d. Cut the legs off of his piano so he could hear the vibrations e. Becomes more and more eccentric/erratic as he became deafer. More introverted. 8. Widely revered as the greatest composer during his lifetime 9. His Compositional Periods st a. 1 Period i. Early career ii. Mastered classical instrument genres 1. Hayden, Mozart etc. iii. Symphonies #1&2 b. 2nd Period i. “Heroic” Period 1. Began conquering deafness ii. Middle career iii. Expanding and creating within his forms. experiments iv. More romantic v. Harmonically adventurous 1. Ex: Symphony #5 vi. Wrote Symphonies #3-8 rd c. 3 Period i. Almost/completely deaf ii. More Introspective iii. More and more harmonically adventurous iv. Wrote Symphony #9 v. Increased focus on chamber music 10. Beethoven’s Symphonies a. Middle Symphonies i. Characteristics 1. Maintains use of Classical forms 2. Structures expanded. Did not create new forms just developed them. a. Disrupted harmony and structure in his pieces ii. Innovations in the 5 Symphony 1. Cyclic Form a. Cousin to cantus fermis b. Creates connection between movements 2. Minor to Major (Underdog to hero) 3. Emphasis placed on finale a. Not so mush “light hearted let’s get it over with” rd th 4. 3 to 4 movement without pause a. Not standard 5. Expansion of instrumentation a. Adds piccolo (1 time in symphony), contrabassoon and trombones (typically sacred. 1 time used in symphony) b. (Really know the Listening Guides. Be able to distinguish between movements. Know your themes in each movement. Know whether its duple or triple meter) (If the music has any percussion it’s not Hayden or Mozart) Write down how to distinguish each piece from each other October 5, 2016 Classical Opera 1. Two types a. Serious Opera (Opera Seria) i. Carryover from the baroque traditions ii. Italian iii. Highly formalized in structures iv. Recitative and aria pairs 1. Recitative: action; stuff happens 2. Aria: reflection; slowed down in time v. Virtuoastic technique 1. Arias especially vi. Pietro Metastasio 1. Established structure paradigm for opera seria a. Libretto: little book vii. Mozart wrote some operas in the opera seria form b. Comic Opera i. Vernacular: viewed as a low art form 1. No formalized expectations a. Allowed composers to be more experimental ii. Almost always in Italian (except in France) iii. Each country has its own name for the comic opera 1. England: Ballad Opera 2. Germany: Singspiel 3. France: opera comique 4. Italy: opera buffa 2. Mozart’s Don Giovanni a. His operas represent all classes i. Sometimes nobles were the “butt of the joke” b. Librettist: Lorenzo de Ponte i. Wrote the librettos for all 3 of Mozart’s Italian operas c. His opera moved towards the more seamless flow of music Sacred Music in the Classical Era 1. Main Genres a. Mass i. Requiem b. Oratorio i. Combo of opera and choral singing ii. Opera is really starting to effect mass iii. Mass ordinary 2. Listening Guide a. Dies Irae: Day of Judgement i. Left incomplete at Mozart’s death 1. Most was done but the rest was left to a close friend to finish People Hayden Who he worked with Father of String Quartet/Symphony Mozart Excelled in every genre Music al family Toured Europe First composer to attempt free-lance composing sort of succeeded not fully Beethoven Every genre except opera First successful free lance Know three periods Metastasio


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