New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

His 106: Week 7 Notes

by: Hailey Hansen

His 106: Week 7 Notes His 106

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > His 106 > His 106 Week 7 Notes
Hailey Hansen

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This week we covered Progressivism and the Great War.
The United States Since 1877
Jared Heath Roll
Class Notes
history, Progressivism, WWI, Jane, Addams, hull house, social, Gospel, T.Roosevelt, Taft, Woodrow Wilson
25 ?




Popular in The United States Since 1877

Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to His 106 at University of Mississippi taught by Jared Heath Roll in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.

Similar to His 106 at OleMiss


Reviews for His 106: Week 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/07/16
Progressivism and the Great War Despite the return of prosperity, the problems of American development remained: poverty,  dangerous working conditions, terrible living conditions, and corruption. A broad array of reform groups tried to solve these problems beginning around 1900 – they have  collectively become known as Progressives. They have rising expectations about the lives they  should enjoy: cleaner, safer, and more trustworthy government. They launched the Progressive  Movement, which sought political reform to make American society controlled by Progressives. Progressives  Unlike Populists and labor activists of earlier decades, Progressives were middle class  people from towns and cities, who start to address American problems. o Jane Addams  Hull House (1889) – settlement houses located in the midst of immigrant  neighborhoods; used for outreach in immigrant communities  Henry St. (New York) – replica of Addams’ Hull House o National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs (1895) o Women’s Trade Union League – wanted to amplify women’s voice in labor o Florence Kelley – worked at Hull House; she pushed for a factory inspection law,  to give the government the power to inspect for working conditions o Muller v Oregon (1908) – Oregon wanted to ensure that women couldn’t work in  factories for more than 8 hours a day; Supreme Court declared it constitutional  By 1912, 28 other states had sent in maximum working hours for females Social Gospel  Many Christians asked “What Would Jesus Do?” to answer Henry George’s question.  They believed he would reach out to the poor. This was religious justification for the  Progressive movement. Women’s Voting Rights  National American Women Suffrage Association (1890) – believed that if men are  innately corrupt and women are pure, then allowing women to participate in the  government would purify it. o This led to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  (NAACP) in 1909. Role of Government in Society  The government was the key to Progression, and much of the support came from the  Republican Party. Democracy began expanding measures. o Referendum – a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that  has been referred to them for a direct decision o Recall – allows voters to take out elected officials if the voters are dissatisfied o Initiative  Progressive government – more democracy or more control? Progressive Journalism (Muckrakers)  Ida Tarbell – exposed Standard Oil  Upton Sinclair – exposed meat packing industry Theodore Roosevelt (R) 1901­1909  Trust busting (breaking down monopolies) o IMPORTANT: Roosevelt did not believe that all big business were bad.  Environmental protection (conservation and hunting)  Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 – passed after “The Jungle” by Upton Sinclair was  published  Hepburn Act 1906 – gave the federal government the power to regulate railroads William Howard Taft (R) 1909­1913  Taft was a hand­picked successor by Roosevelt  Signed off on the 16  Amendment, which authorized a federal income tax Election of 1912  Taft (Republican) v Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) v T. Roosevelt (Progressive Party of  America) v Eugene Debs (Socialist Party) o Roosevelt’s New Nationalism: big business is okay, but only if matched by  regulatory power of big government o Wilson’s New Freedom: big government would be used to break up big  businesses (which he believed were corrupt) to restore traditional economic  relationship  Woodrow Wilson wins, but only because Roosevelt caused the Republican votes to be  split between him and Taft. Wilson as a Progressive President  17  Amendment (1913) – allowed for a direct election of senators  Clayton Anti­Trust Act (1914) – gives government right to control big businesses, and  grants organized labor the right to strike  Federal Reserve Act (1913) – authorizes federal paper currency  Federal Trade Commission (1914) – allows government to regulate stock markets  There were also laws regulating the employment for sailors, railroad workers, and child  labor, which set maximum working hours and wages o IMPORTANT: This is different from the Hepburn Act.  Even though Wilson was a southern Progressive, he still segregated federal government  employees by race, and valorized the Ku Klux Klan. Outbreak of World War I (1914­1918)  America was officially neutral, but they tilted toward the Allies (UK, France, Russia).  However, trade, finance, and the cultural bias of leaders prevented the U.S. from staying  totally separated. The U.S. reserved the right to trade with warring countries (favored  Great Britain).  U.S. immigrants sided with their own home countries, which made the moral of the U.S.  hopelessly complicated.  Even though they were still officially neutral by 1916, the U.S. provided 40% of Great  Britain’s war materials.  German U­boats began attacking American merchant ships. o Lusitania sinks in 1915 – a passenger ship carrying war goods – 1200 passengers  are killed  When trading partners run out of money, American bankers loan them money so they can continue buying materials.  Wilson runs for President again in 1916, which sparks the Preparedness Movement. Preparedness Movement (1915­1917)  Americans knew they would go to war eventually, it was only a matter of time.  Military build­up  Roosevelt proposes the idea of 100% Americanism, because they were concerned with  immigrant loyalty.  “Americanism is an unfailing love of country; loyalty to its institutions and ideals;  eagerness to defend it against all enemies; undivided allegiance to the flag and a desire to  secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and posterity.” Peace Movement  Women’s Peace Party – headed by Jane Addams  Recognized isolationism, especially in the South and West, especially among the poor. o “Rich man’s war, poor man’s fight.”  Wilson was re­elected in 1916 on a peace platform – he was the man who kept us out of  the war. The Pull of War  Germany restarts unrestricted submarine warfare  Zimmerman telegram, February 1917 o Telegram intercepted by Great Britain in which Germany urges Mexico to go to  war against the U.S. Germany promises to give back Texas, New Mexico, and  Arizona to Mexico  April 1917, U.S. declares war “to end all wars” Progressive Government at War  Can’t have a big war without big government  Income tax increases from 281 million to 2.88 billion  Excess corporate profit tax  New National bureaucracies to mobilize and run the war: o War Industries Board o War Fuel Administration o War Food Administration o War Railroad Administration o War Labor Board o Committee on Public Information  This was the largest expansion of the federal government up to that point.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.