Soc 101: Week 7 Notes
Soc 101: Week 7 Notes Soc 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Miguel Centellas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Chapter 7: Social Stratification Hierarchical difference not only in economic positions E but also in other important areas, such as status, and l power. i o Class – one’s economic position in the stratification system, especially one’s Midtle occupation, which strongly determines and Class e reflects one’s income and wealth Working Class o Status – relates to the prestige attached to a person’s position within society Poor o Power – the ability to get others to do what you want them to do, even if it is against their will Social Inequality A condition whereby some positions in society yield a great deal or money, status, and power while others yield little, if any, of these. GINI Index of Inequality Measures the level of income inequality in a society; it ranges from zero (meaning everyone has the same income) to 1.00 (meaning one person has all the income) No country has perfect equality; the lowest scores are about 0.25 (Norway) No country has perfect inequality; the highest scores are about 0.60 (South Africa) The average among OECD countries in 0.30 Declining Middle Class Wage stagnation, decline in union and highwage manufacturing jobs, loss of wealth during the 2008 Great Recession Types of Social Mobility Vertical o Upward and downward mobility Horizontal o Movement within one’s social class Intergenerational o The difference between the parent’s position in the stratification system and the positions achieved by their children Intragenerational o Movement up or down the stratification system in one’s lifetime Structural Mobility o Describes the effects of changes in the larger society on the positions of individuals in the stratification system Achievement vs. Ascription o Achievement – the accomplishments, the merit, of the individual o Ascription – being born with, or inheriting, certain characteristics, such as race, gender, wealth, and status Theories of Social Stratification Structural/Functional o All societies are stratified, and stratification serves a social function – it provides incentives for people to strive to succeed, and helps “sort” people based on their abilities Social control Ensures social roles are filled Legitimizes power structure Conflict/Critical o Criticizes the idea that only “important” positions are rewarded – suggests people would still do important functions without monetary rewards; also analyzes how those in power make the rules to their benefit and use ideologies to justify their interests Inter/Actionist – focuses on microlevel causes of inequality; as well as how people create inequality through their daytoday interactions Social Class and Taste The ability to display wealth through “conspicuous consumption” is a way to define and reinforce social class hierarchies
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