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Psy 254 week 1 notes

by: Annie Notetaker

Psy 254 week 1 notes 311

Annie Notetaker
Cal Poly
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About this Document

lecture notes
Environmental Psychology
Daniel Levi
Class Notes




Popular in Environmental Psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annie Notetaker on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 311 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Daniel Levi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Environmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
Foundations of Family Psy  Early psychology- focus on the individual as unit of treatment  Social work- progressive era  Ludwig Bon Bertalanffy – biologist who introduced general systems theory  Early guidance counseling – marriage counseling family science, relationship science  American association for marital and family therapy (AAMFT)  Communications theory – Palo Alto Group – how communications affect family interactions  Family system theory – family functions as an interconnected system  Cybernetics- positive/negative feedback o Steersman – systems have the ability to self correct and maintain homeostasis  Psy problems are developed and maintained in the social context of the family  Family systems theory is an orientation – a way to approach family therapy - a way to look at and understand family by changing one part of the system – the entire system is forced to change and adapt Thinking in Systems terms  System – two or more persons who interact w/ each other in a patterned and stable way through time – despite fluctuations in their environment – the individual unit of interconnected members  Subsystem – a smaller system operating within the identified system  Suprasystem – larger system impacting system  Wholeness – the whole is more than the sum of the individual parts  Human ecosystem – how relationships connect and interact and influence family  Homeostasis – how systems maintain balance – even if not healthy  Morphogenic system – one that is flexible and open to growth and change  Morphostatic system – one that is more rigid and resistant to change  Family rules- the govern the system – many unspoken but implied  Family roles – the expected behavior of a person or group in a given social category  Boundaries – diffuse or rigid  Hierarchy – structure of family system A few family therapy pioneers  Murray Bowen, Jay Haley, Virginia Satir, Salvador Minuchin, Carl Whitaker and Michael White o Mostly white men Structural  Salvador Minuchen o Goal – change the organization and structure of the family o Restructure rules o Establish boundries o Create effective hierarchy Intergenerational family therapy/ Extended family systems  Murray Bowen o Goal – increase individual differentiation for increased functioning  Make families systems experts  Change patterns of communication and behavior  Thing 7 generations out Strategic  Jay Haley o Goal – alter communication behaviors to alleviate symptoms and strengthen family functioning Symbolic Experiential Family therapy  Carl Whitaker o Goal – real encounters w/ therapist – stirs up family dynamics to uncover truth  Lack of emotional closeness leads to interpersonal issues  Emphasized extended family participation Experimental  Virginia Satir o Goal improve communication, reduce conflict, improve role agreement growth w/o stagnation  Presenting problem rarely is the main issue  Role playing/ family reconstruction  Increase self-esteem through communications Narrative Therapy  Michael White o Goal rewrite the family story to create a new reality and foundation for interacting  Family not the problem  Externalize the problem  Unite in struggle


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