ANTHRO33: Lecture 5 (10/6/16)
ANTHRO33: Lecture 5 (10/6/16) ANTHRO 33
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Viola You on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 33 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by E. A. Cartmill in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Culture and Communication in Anthropology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
For Homework DUE 10/13: ● OK to be part of group studied ● OK to be part of recording ● Not OK to study only yourself ○ Since you know all the predictions of your project ● OK to use video/text online, but must be interactive (and public) ○ Interviews, recorded conversations, sporting events, live filming ○ Social media, blogs, product reviews, comments, sections ● Not OK to use scripted media as if it were spontaneous ○ OK for certain questions check with Prof. or TA Turnitin site added for homework ● Please submit electronic version AND hard copy of HW1 ● Link is in assignments and instructions section on CCLE ● Upload PDF or Word Doc ● Info about individuals and photos KEEP THEM ANONYMOUS Speaker ● Animator ○ Person giving life to the language ● Author ○ Person who composed the language ● Principal ○ Person whose beliefs or perspectives are represented ● ^ most often the same person Hearer ● Ratified (addressed or intended) ● Unratified (overhearers) Shift in Footing ● Happens often ○ Storytelling ○ Quoted speech ○ Jokes ○ “Normal” conversation ● Acoustic characteristics (raising voice) ● Gestures ● A slight lean of the body ● ^ doesn’t mean we’re being consciously doing these things all the time Research Ethics Is research on, with, or for the participants? ● Protect research subjects’... ○ Confidentiality ○ Right not to participate ○ Right to refuse at any point ● Unequal power between researcher and subject ○ Considering if the person has the ability to say no ○ No coercing ● Data ○ What to do with data after you’ve collected it? ○ Can you share it? Should you destroy it? Who observes research ethics? ● Institutional Review Board (IRB) ● AAA ethical code of conduct ● Censorship from other researchers AAA principles of professional responsibility (1971) ● Relations with those studied ● Responsibility to the public ● Responsibility to the discipline ● Responsibility to students ● Responsibility to sponsors ● Responsibilities to one’s own government Relations with those studied ● Right to anonymity (but understand that accidents happen) ● Communicate goals of study ● No exploitation of informants for personal gain ● Anticipated consequences of research should be communicated fully AAA ethical code of conduct (2012) ● Do no harm ● Be open and honest regarding your work ● Obtain informed consent and necessary permissions ● Weigh competing ethical obligations due collaborators and affected parties ● Make your results accessible ● Protect Informed Consent ● Inform subjects about nature of research and get their consent to participate ● But what if you need to hide true research question to get unbiased results? ○ Explain type of activity they will do ○ Debrief afterwards (so fully informed) ● Is written consent always necessary? ● How do you ask for consent in participant observation? But what if I need to mislead to get an unbiased sample? ● Sometimes it is appropriate to get permission for the type of activity/topic, but not reveal research question/analysis ● In these cases, debriefing is used as a way to ensure the participant is fully informed Do I need consent? Questions to ask: ● Is it public information? ● Do you have unique access? ○ Even on internet ● Does that person have an assumption of privacy ● Are you interacting with your participants Research Questions ● Research question vs hypothesis ○ How has the representation of student majors in ANTHRO33 changed over the last 10 years ○ The representation of student majors in ANTHRO33 has become more/less diverse in the last 10 years ● Overarching question ● Smaller subordinate or secondary questions ○ Often can’t be answered without answering the other questions What do you have? ● Data collection ● Elicitation ● Selection Corpus (text, audio, video, transcripts, images) Dataset (typically quantitative variables organized together) ● General distinction Operationalize ● Define, clarify variable ○ What’s included? ○ What’s not included? ○ Could someone replicate the kind of work you did? ● Making your decisions visible Example: What are the borrowing practices of UK primary school year 6 girls and boys in terms of fiction and nonfiction? ● Borrowing practices ○ Taking off shelf? ○ Borrowing through library? ● UK ○ London, or throughout all countries there? ● Really think about each category Example: How does the way mothers speak to children age 58 differ between boys and girls? Variables: ● What do we mean by mother/children? Bloodrelated or adopted? Single mother or stepmother? Divorced? Etc. ● How do we measure differences in the way mothers speak to the children? Volume, intonation, gestures, or focus on speech exclusively?
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