Notes 9/27/16 History 190
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
History 190 Lecture 9/22/16 UNDERLYING CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTION British inflexibility and insensitivity Growing sense of pride in colonies Colonists evolved an ideology: revolutionary republicanism o Pieced together from British political ideas, enlightenment theories, and religious beliefs o Main ideals were: rule by law, popular sovereignty, legislation by elected representatives Advantages and disadvantages of British and Americans GREAT BRITAIN AMERICA ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES t Professional/large army Militia not disciplined money and supplies little money and supplies h largest navy (100-1) no navy r o popular support in divided support u beginning g some loyalists in colonies ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Home field/know the land h o “foreign” land, and far Local supplies u away t arrogant attitude, Have a cause and underestimated Americans protecting family live off the land, and Fighting style- strategic/ colonists used land no cause rigid fighters the war, Washington is going to use as little guerilla warfare as possible FIGHTING THE WAR William and Richard Howe: captured about 1,500 of Washington’s men and hoped that one defeat would make them sue for peace and resolve the war. o Didn’t work Trenton, New Jersey (Dec. 1776)- Americans rush in, capture about 1,200 Hessian people who were stationed there. General John Burgoyne “Gentlemen Johnny” brought his fiver things and mistress Battle of Saratoga (Oct. 1777) Feb. 1778- treaty signed again, French becomes ally with America Henry Clinton replaces Howe o He puts Charles Cornwallis in charge of the southern troops Nathaniel Greene- master of hit and run tactics French beat the British to Yorktown peninsula o Washington then surrounds Cornwallis and British o Cornwallis and his 8,000 men surrender to Washington after 6-week siege on Oct. 19, 1781 Peace of Paris- Jan. 1783 o America gets land from Quebec act back 2 WHY DID THE BRITISH LOSE THE WAR? Their arrogance, they underestimated Americans Supply problems, transfer was tough Personal jealousies/issues with American commanders, tension between British and German commanders/soldiers British did not make effective use of the loyalists Americans got a formal alliance with the French CRUCIAL Britain has no internal power structure in the colonies The determination of the Americans was strong Administrative and organizational factors of Washington Living off the land reduced their mobility British leaders were overly cautious Failed to adapt European tactics to American land Lost popular support at home, reduced morale BIG QUESTION: how revolutionary was the revolution? Revolution is an over sweeping change to a whole nation, could be political, economic, technological, industrial, etc. None of those changed, so what was revolutionized? CONSEQUENCES OF THE REVOLUTION Loyalists: o Loyalist centers were New York, Philly, and Charleston Royal governors 3 England clergy Also known as, “tories” o Loyalists were arrested or punished often Tar and feathered Levyed taxes Can’t vote Limits on profession Confiscation of property 4
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