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Notes 9/27/16

by: Marina Rodriguez

Notes 9/27/16 History 190

Marina Rodriguez
Minnesota State University, Mankato

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About this Document

revolution notes
United States to 1877
Melodie Andrews
Class Notes
revolution, american, United, States, colonies, history
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
History 190 Lecture 9/22/16 UNDERLYING CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTION  British inflexibility and insensitivity  Growing sense of pride in colonies  Colonists evolved an ideology: revolutionary republicanism o Pieced together from British political ideas, enlightenment theories, and religious beliefs o Main ideals were: rule by law, popular sovereignty, legislation by elected representatives  Advantages and disadvantages of British and Americans GREAT BRITAIN AMERICA  ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES  t  Professional/large army  Militia not disciplined  money and supplies  little money and supplies h  largest navy (100-1)  no navy r o  popular support in  divided support u beginning g  some loyalists in colonies  ADVANTAGES  DISADVANTAGES  Home field/know the land h o  “foreign” land, and far  Local supplies u away t  arrogant attitude,  Have a cause and underestimated Americans protecting family  live off the land, and  Fighting style- strategic/ colonists used land  no cause  rigid fighters the war, Washington is going to use as little guerilla warfare as possible FIGHTING THE WAR  William and Richard Howe: captured about 1,500 of Washington’s men and hoped that one defeat would make them sue for peace and resolve the war. o Didn’t work  Trenton, New Jersey (Dec. 1776)- Americans rush in, capture about 1,200 Hessian people who were stationed there.  General John Burgoyne “Gentlemen Johnny” brought his fiver things and mistress  Battle of Saratoga (Oct. 1777)  Feb. 1778- treaty signed again, French becomes ally with America  Henry Clinton replaces Howe o He puts Charles Cornwallis in charge of the southern troops  Nathaniel Greene- master of hit and run tactics  French beat the British to Yorktown peninsula o Washington then surrounds Cornwallis and British o Cornwallis and his 8,000 men surrender to Washington after 6-week siege on Oct. 19, 1781  Peace of Paris- Jan. 1783 o America gets land from Quebec act back 2 WHY DID THE BRITISH LOSE THE WAR?  Their arrogance, they underestimated Americans  Supply problems, transfer was tough  Personal jealousies/issues with American commanders, tension between British and German commanders/soldiers  British did not make effective use of the loyalists  Americans got a formal alliance with the French CRUCIAL  Britain has no internal power structure in the colonies  The determination of the Americans was strong  Administrative and organizational factors of Washington  Living off the land reduced their mobility  British leaders were overly cautious  Failed to adapt European tactics to American land  Lost popular support at home, reduced morale BIG QUESTION: how revolutionary was the revolution?  Revolution is an over sweeping change to a whole nation, could be political, economic, technological, industrial, etc.  None of those changed, so what was revolutionized? CONSEQUENCES OF THE REVOLUTION  Loyalists: o Loyalist centers were New York, Philly, and Charleston  Royal governors 3  England clergy  Also known as, “tories” o Loyalists were arrested or punished often  Tar and feathered  Levyed taxes  Can’t vote  Limits on profession  Confiscation of property 4


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