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psy 311 notes

by: Annie Notetaker
Annie Notetaker
Cal Poly

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About this Document

lecture notes
Environmental Psychology
Daniel Levi
Class Notes
25 ?




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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annie Notetaker on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 311 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Daniel Levi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Environmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.

Similar to 311 at Cal Poly

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


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Date Created: 10/07/16
Environmental Psychology    behavior is mostly unconscious  many reasons  Reciprocal impacts ­ we impact the environment and the environment impacts us  Environment has multiple effects   Social people are sensitive to environment and shy people are less sensitive to environment What is environmental psy?  People/environmental relations o Interactionism  o Transactionism    ecology, behavior setting      Derives from other psychology fields o Field study  o Application   Environmental issues/ sustainability   Design  o Interdisciplinary    Application oriented  Environmental Theory  Why do some ppl like some places and not others? What makes a place useful? Is this a healthy place to be in? Preference/ liking/ beauty    Stimulation theories o Adaptation level   We like what we are used to o Overload  We don’t like our senses to be overloaded o Restricted environment  We don’t like our sense to be under stimulated    Phenomenology  o Subjective  o Meaning   Biology  o Who/what do we find attractive   Symmetry   Certain proportions   Health Functional ­get needs met/ goals/ purposes met  Control Theory  o Perceived control o Reactance  Resistance against being controlled  o Learned helplessness   Accept you have no control   Behavior setting Theory o Environment  o People o Program (activities) o under/over staffing  Stress   Stress is when demands > coping   Environment  o Physical   Traffic, tornadoes   o Social  Crowding, isolation  o Ambient ­ what's around you   Light, noise, heat, smell   Acute vs chronic o Happens and goes away vs part of the system o Break a bone vs traffic in LA o Chronic stress ­ leads to death/major problems   Stress is additive and subtractive  o Little things add up and overwhelm  o One thing that relaxes you helps with all the stressors   Appraisal  o Predictable  Less predictability causes stress  My music is not stressful your music is stressful  o Perceived control    People  o Coping   Adjust   Fix stressor/environment   Adapt   Fix yourself o Personality   Optimism  Do something about their stress  Pessimistic   Give up  o Social support  Unconditional positive regard   Giving social support > getting social support  Activity  Three stressful places:   Social expectations Physical harm Public bathroom Police station Three non­stressful places: Familiar  Safe  Bed Shower  Perception  Stimuli ­ receptor ­ action  Perception is about action/behavior and ultimately survival   Receptors pick up information and tell us how to act   Functional approach  Ex. vision  Principles  Perception is guided by biology and personal motives to stay safe and satisfy needs/wants  Approach vs avoidance response   Reflex vs conditioned   Vision is more like a drawing than an actual photo   We construct the world from available information ­ see meaning   Gestalt o Perceive things as a  whole   Perception is about change o habituation/numbness  Environment vs Object/lab  Not good/bad; different focus  Environment  o Moving perceiving  o Purpose  ex. Try not to run into things o Meaningful objects o Multiple senses  Senses interact  o Too much information   Theories  Brunswik ­ probabilistic functionalism  o Scan environment for useful information error in person and environment   Gibson ­ ecological perception o Biologically prepared to to see affordance ­ meaning  o Have perception that is not learned  Perceived Environmental Quality   Technical assessment  Perceived environmental quality  o Observer based assessment   Not subjective/objective is different issues negative/positive  Activity: High Q urban:  Low Q urban Clean Traffic  Green  Cars/ no people  Seating  vacant/run down buildings  Few cars Lighting  people/density  Corporate  Historical Not green/ cement  Variety  High Q nature Low Q nature Green  dry  Not landscape  people Few people  dirty  Clean  human impact  Water not maintained  Dead  No wildlife Low color   Different environment ­ different criteria   Nature mostly good except for weeds in urban areas   More than physical  o Social ­ walk able and safe o Functional ­ useful  o Symbolic ­ meaning  Spatial Cognition/Cognitive maps  How spatial information processed, stored, and used  Issues o Way finding   why ppl get lost and what are the factors  o Design   malls ­ hide exists   Alzheimer's ­ loops  Development   Piaget ­ children o Newcomers   You/home is the center point   Then you make connections/ imagine things   Create an independent structure  Memory  Pictures  Words  Time/motion   Reconstruction o Distortion o Augmentation  o Incompleteness  Individual differences   Due to familiarity, experience, and mobility] Env differences   Legibility  Differentiation ­ moderate Complexity Visual access  Factors used for legibility  Paths  Landmarks  District  Edges  Nodes  Problem with legibility in slo is that there is no edges 


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