Introduction to Cinema Week 7 Notes
Introduction to Cinema Week 7 Notes CTCS 190
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Morrissey on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CTCS 190 at University of Southern California taught by Drew Casper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cinema in Cinema And Media Studies at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
4 October 2016 Sound ● Film is also designed with sound ○ Just like other forms of art ○ Audial= Visual-Verbal medium ○ At first, sound was not used creatively in movies ○ Alleffects sound devices used ● Components of soundtracks ○ Verbal ■ Dialogue, spoken words ■ Off-screen narration (unheard by characters) ● “I”- offscreen ● Offscreen authority- never seen ■ Singing ○ Music ■ Source music- characters hear it. Source is visible ● Diegetic ■ Underscore/score- for audience. Not heard by characters ● Non-Diegetic ■ Is the type suitable ■ Is the length suitable? there enough or too little ■ Is it placed correctly ○ Sound effect ■ Anything that is not music or dialogue ○ Silence ■ Only cinema uses silence ■ Occurs during critical moments ● Sound design elements ○ Synchronous sound- cause and relationship between image and sound ○ Asynchronous sound- sound does not match image ● Sound montage ○ Sound to sound ■ sound followed by another sound to create movement (Sound of Music opening) ■ Sound followed by sound that parallels it; express the same meaning, reinforce same idea ■ Sound followed by contrasting sound; does not express what is in image ○ Sound to image- sound followed by image (The music played before a shark approaches in Jaws) (Analogous/Parallel) ■ Sounds are contrasted with images- image moves away from the sound source, but sound still remains (Diametric/Contrasting) ● Sound mix: putting all of the sounds together ● Sound editing: Choosing which sounds ● Hierarchy of Sound ○ Organization of sounds per shot so that the most important sound is loudest ● Sounds have the same qualities as images with the same effects and meanings ○ Sounds come in sizes (volume), angles (pitch), and colors (tone) ○ Transitions ■ Direct cut, fade out/fade it, dissolve, superposition ○ Connections, links between sounds ■ Same sounds, different images ○ Choreographed image ■ Action matches the soundtrack ○ Can be a symbol ○ Can be a motif ○ Can be used to connect shots ● Sound reveals reality, setting ○ Cover up the sounds in the set to create a new place within the film ○ Select sounds ○ Order sounds ○ Reveal soundtrack ○ Sound intensifies an image ● Sound can be the subject of the movie ○ Dialogue can drive the entire film ● Objective sound- characters hear the sound as well ● Subjective sound- only the audience hears ● Atmosphere- sensual elements ● Overture sets up audience with motifs ● Time, space, and sound are correlative Take special note of: Visual design Title Overture Midterm Review Sessions 10/11 2-3 pm 10/12 12-1 pm 10/13 2-3 pm 10/14 1-2 pm 10/17 3-5 pm Strong Argument: Thesis Argument/ Paragraph - Proves the reader with context for who what when where why - Presents argument in the form of a thesis statement Body paragraphs (evidence) Conclusion Do not use - Of course - Obviously - It’s evident - The viewer - The audience - I believe - I think - Extraordinarily - A lot Generally avoid implicit qualitative statements
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