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POS week 6

by: Kaydee Keen

POS week 6 POS 1041

Kaydee Keen

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About this Document

Covers Wednesday and Friday
American Government: national
Carol Weissert
Class Notes
political science
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaydee Keen on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS 1041 at Florida State University taught by Carol Weissert in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see American Government: national in Political Science at Florida State University.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
Monday way exam 10/5 Collective Action Problems and Solutions Terms Collective Action Members of a group act together for common interests Assumes that individual in a group will work to help the group achieve its objective or goal Examples where this might work Examples where this might not work Ex: Team sport, sorority / fraternity (works) Ex: Congress, NATO, UN (not really…) Collective Good How can collective goods be provided to a group? Collective good- something that all participants in the group desire and that is shared by all the members of the group Once good or benefit is provided, cannot exclude anyone from enjoying it No one individual makes “the difference” Many people/ parties may want the desired benefit of the collective good, but that does not mean they will all take action to achieve the goal Why does someone not participate? Own interest Goods outway the cost Preferences are different Free riders- benefit but don’t contribute Problems Benefits> ME? Best interest of individuals to act selfishly If all act selfishly makes the worst outcome Prisoner’s Dilemma Police have two individuals suspected of committing a crime together What is the best outcome for both? What is the best outcome for one? Collective action problem Individually benefits from selfish behavior If they care about the other Olson Particular problematic for big groups Why? Larger group Not very cohesive Common interest? People join by collective incentives Group project for extra credit/ grade Common pool resources Can overuse and use out? Lead to destruction of public good Traffic Environment- individual benefit from pollution, group benefit from protection Tragedy of the Commons Freedom will ruin the commons Issues Use of recourses Solutions Citizen groups to monitor Volunteerism Guilt Regulations Regulation and privatization Compulsory Social pressure Material incentive Hardin’s solution Sell off as private property Allocate rate to use them by government Regulation and Privatization 10/7 Social Capital- Solution to Collective Action Problems? Olson: Rational, self- interested individuals (even those who agree Hardi: Disagrees with those believe that these decisions reached Olson and Hardin are pretty negative about Social capital What is this? Feature of social organization, such as networks, norms and trust, that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit Bridging and Bonding social capital Bridging social capital- brings individuals together with other who unlike themselves (race, class, religion, age) [work, school, community, congress] Bonding social capital- brings individuals together with others like themselves [clubs/ interest groups] Bothe are important Takes on Hardin Another kind of tragedy- one where farmers don’t help each other and both lose their crops as a result (NATO, Global warming) Social networks allow farmers to surmount their dilemma of.. …. Positive view of collective action A society that relies on generalized reciprocity is moe efficient than a distrustful one Cooperation is more easily sustained through repeat play Networks of civic engagement serve as a template for future collaboration Private schools as ex Parents who send children to private school, tend to be more involved in the success of the school Social network around private school Religious private school Refers to the research of sociologist James Coleman, success of private schools flows from greater engagement of parents and community members in private schools Central cities ex. Sports team Tourist Churches Social capital is a public good- underprovided by private sector Social capital is a moral resource- one whose supply increase rather than decreases through use and which becomes depleted if not used How can social capital be encouraged by public policy Availably of festivals Provide incentive for local groups Consider costs of public policies Focus on community development Trends in Social Capital Increasing or decreasing? Decreasing Drop of about 25% on average in Americas group memberships (church, labor unions, vet association, school groups.) A drop in people's trusts in other people Why is it declining? WWI Great Generation born 1010-1940 is passing from the scene. Its members were more civically engaged and trusting Rise of TV and Tv watching- TV viewers are not civically engaged Putnam Your Generation? Socal media Internet Video gaming Cell phones Some researchers argue that we have sacrificed conversation Can political parties increase social capital? Political parties have become “evanecents confections of pollsters and medi consultants and independent political entrepreneurs- the very antithesis social capital.” Negatives of sical capital? More bonding, just meeting people you already know Limits other types of people’s participation


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