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by: Courtney Notetaker

Origins-notes CR

Courtney Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes cover up to the first test.
Miss Aresia Watson
Class Notes
Origins, test1




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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Notetaker on Friday October 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CR at Pensacola Christian College taught by Miss Aresia Watson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Origins in Science at Pensacola Christian College.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
CR 370 notes Introduction: Faith, Science, and Apologetics  The debate: you can have religion and science but the 2 don’t mix. I. Faith A. What is religion?  People’s beliefs and opinions concerning the existence, nature, and worship of a deity or deities and divine involvement in the universe and human life. B. Presuppositions 1. Something taken to be true without proof 2. Your ultimate truth 3. Affect your interpretation of the natural world  determines your worldview 4. Creationist’s presuppostitions a. The Bible is our ultimate authority b. Creation, Corruption, Catastrophe, Confusion c. Christ, Cross, Consummation 5. Evolutionist’s presuppositions a. Naturalism  scientific laws can explain all phenomena b. Materialism  only matter is real and everything can be explained by interactions of mater C. What is a worldview (weltanschauung)? 1. The overall perspective from which one sees and interprets the world 2. Two worldview a. Biblical  comes from the supposition that the Bible is true 1) Creation foundation 2) Creator sets rules  creation is NOT the worldview b. Humanistic 1) Evolution foundation  matter and energy exist 2) No creator=no rules  no morality II. What is science? A. “Knowledge” B. Study of God’s order and reasonableness in His physical universe  lows of science are immaterial C. Two “types” of science 1. Operational (observable) science  AKA True Empirical Science a. Observable b. Testable or measurable c. Repeatable d. Falsifiable  check for accuracy e. Cannot explain the supernatural 2. Historical (origins) science a. An attempt to explain the past based on the present  not true science b. Interpretation based on worldview  scientists are only as correct as their worldview 1 CR 370 notes 3. The presuppositions held by a scientist lead to assumptions that will affect how data is interpreted III. Combining faith and operational science A. Use a worldview to create models 1. A set of presuppositions used to explain and predict scientific facts 2. Test predictions with operational science B. The two model approach 1. The evolutionist model a. Naturalistic origins of all things through chance, random mutations, and natural selection b. Biology  unlimited biological change with increasing complexity c. Geology 1) driving force usually uniformitarianism  uniformitarianism-the present is the key to the past 2) may have been some large, natural catastrophe d. Astronomy 1) The Big Bang-formation of universe 2) The Nebular Hypothesis-formation of solar system 2. The creation model a. Supernatural origins of all things with design, purpose, and interdependence (all parts fully formed functional and depend on each other to exist) of parts. b. Biology  limited variation and loss of complexity -key word: kind-only can reproduce after own kind c. Geology  supernatural catastrophic events (i.e.: flood) d. Astronomy  young universe and special creation IV. Why we do what we do? A. What is an apologia?  a reasoned defense of beliefs B. Scriptural basis 1. Col. 4:6- someone questions and I can explain why I believe what I do 2. I Pet. 3:15- be ready to give an answer a. “to give an answer” b. “Christianity defensively stated c. done after we sanctify the Lord God in our hearts 1) not of ourselves 2) need to give God’s Word d. done in meekness and fear C. Faith first!!! Evidence supports 1. Presupposition  most times determined by how we are raised 2. Not evidentialism  places trust in interpretation of evidence D. Why discuss evidence?  evidences don’t bring Salvation 1. God does use works (evidence, miracles) to support truth a. John 10:25- works bear witness of Me b. Acts 1:3- many infallible proofs c. These works (proofs) are designed to point men to Christ 2. God is revealed in the tangibles (something you can literally hold) 2 CR 370 notes  Rom. 1:20- no one can say they didn’t know God exists E. No piece of perfect evidence 1. Unbelief –vs- ignorance 2. Evidence will never bring Salvation V. Why an origins apologia? A. Christianity’s major doctrines are founded in Genesis B. Society’s questions are correctly in a literal Genesis 1. Marriage  Gen. 2:24- cleave unto wife and leave family  one man, one woman for life 2. Clothing  Gen. 3:21- coats of animal skin 3. Sanctity of life  Gen. 1:36-28- man and woman made in God’s image 4. Gospel  Gen. 3:15 C. A humanistic interpretation of origins leads to very different views 1. lack of marriage/homosexuality 2. lack of clothing 3. abortion-human life has no value 4. no need of the gospel D. The attack is on our foundation  Ps. 11:3- “If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do.” Thus our study of origins. . . 1. Founded on Ultimate truth of Scripture  defend our beliefs 2. Presuppositional in its approach  faith first- evidence supports 3. Ultimate battle is for hearts and souls  battle of worldviews 4. Will scientifically compare predictions Creation I. The Doctrine of Biblical Creationism A. Definition of Biblical Creationism  “supernatural creation of all things in six literal days by the God of the Bible approximately 6,000 years ago. (1/3 statements for final) B. Nature of Biblical Creation 1. Creation was supernatural a. No use of preexisting materials  Heb. 11:3- creation ex nihilo b. “In the beginning” c. “God” 1) Elohim  plural name for God 2) Name associated with majestic and omnipotent power d. “Created”  Bara- used in OT: something that God can do that humans cannot. 3 CR 370 notes e. “The heaven and earth”  heaven= space and time  earth= mass 2. Creation was sudden- Ps. 33:6-9 3. Involved a superficial appearance of age a. Not done to purposefully deceive man b. God told us what He did C. Scriptural evidence for a literal seven-day creation weak 1. Hebrew word for a day= Yom a. look at context 1) Numerical adjective  first day, second day, etc.  happens 410 times outside of Gen. 1 2) “Morning and evening”  happens 38 times outside of Gen. 1 b. Hebrew scholars recognize a literal seven-day week as the author’s intent c. Sets a meaningful pattern for Israel’s cycle of work and rest  Ex. 20:8-11 d. NT references Genesis 1) the most referred to book of the OT in the NT 2) NT doctrine grounded in the belief that the historical account of Gen. is historical truth 3) Jesus took Gen. literally a) Mark 10:6-7 i. Male and female present at the beginning ii. Quote from Gen. 2 regarding marriage e. Genesis 1 written as narrative not poetry  Hebrew narrative is written: Verb-Subject-Object (VSO)  Hebrew poetry is written: Subject-Verb-Object (SVO)  Genesis is written as Hebrew narrative (VSO) II. The six Days of Creation  Day 1: earth, space, time and light  Day 2:firmament (separated water above from water below)  Day 3: dry land and plants  Day 4: sun, moon and stars  Day 5: flying and sea creatures (fish and fowl)  Day 6: land animals and man III. Other Interpretations A. Only reason= compromise with man’s ideas 1. Reinterpret yom or include a gap 2. Global flood becomes local or tranquil 3. If you can’t trust God’s account, why trust any? B. Gap theory (Ruin-Reconstruct)  proposed by Thomas Chalmers in 1814  popularized by Scofield’s Reference Bible 1. Beliefs a. Yom= 24 hours b. Earth is old c. Supernatural creation by God twice 1) Gap between Gen 1:1 & Gen. 1:2 2) Bara –vs- asah  bara- 1 creation 4 CR 370 notes  asah- 2 nd creation 3) First creation “ruined” by Lucifer’s flood  “was” in Gen. 1:2 should be “became” 4) Second creation  “Replenish” in Gen. 1:28 implies a previous population 2. Refutation a. There is no evidence of a gap in Scripture 1) Ex. 20:11 2) Was a) correct translation b) “waw” connecting conjunction c) describes earth’s condition 3) Replenish means “to fill” not “to refill” b. Means God’s “very good” included disease, violence, carnivory, and thorns 1) Death, both physical and spiritual, result of sin. 2) Gen. 3:19; Rom. 5:12 c. Illogical  refutes the “evidence” it is based on d. Bara used interchangeably with asah  Ex. 20:11; Gen 1:21&25 C. Progressive Creation (day-age theory) quiz will start here for 9-30-16 1. Popularized by Hugh Ross (Reasons to Believe) 2. Beliefs a. Evolution+God+Creative acts b. No global Flood 3. Problems a. Ignores the omnipotence of God b. Gen 1: yom= 24 hours c. Order of creation and evolution differ Biblical Account of Creation Evolution/Long-age Speculation earth before sun and stars sun and stars before earth st life 1 created on land life started in ocean birds before reptiles reptiles before birds whales before land animals land animals before whales d. Man is fallible, nature is cursed e. Means God’s “very good” included disease, violence, carnivory, and thorns 1) Death, both physical and spiritual, are result of sin 2) Gen. 3:19; Rom. 5:12 f. When does man’s spirit evolve? 1) Ross’ date= 40,000 years ago  Pre-Adamic man had no spirit 2) Evolutionary dates for Aborigines at least 60,000 years ago g. Flood was global D. Theistic evolution  Dr. Frances Collins-headed of genome project  Bio Logos-it is theistic evolution 1. Beliefs a. Evolution+God b. Look only for naturalistic explanations c. Gen. 1-11 are not literal  Adam not a real person  Theistic evolution believes death to be elegant 5 CR 370 notes 2. Refutation a. Could God have used evolution? 1) NO! 2) Impugns the character of God 3) Deut. 32:4, Tutus 1:2 b. Arguments against fallible dating methods and mechanisms of evolution c. God’s Word describes a global flood d. Adam was a real person  I Cor. 15:21-22 e. Death, physical and spiritual, entered the world through man’s sin  Gen. 3:19, Rom. 5:12 In Summary  Believe in an old earth-GT,PC,TE  Adam and Eve were real- GT, PC, YE  Global Flood-GT (Lucifer’s Flood) -YE (Noah’s Day)  Earth is young- YE  Christ died for our sins-GT, PC, TE, YE The Age of the Earth I. Ages according to models A. Creationist model 1. Age from genealogies in the Bible and Scriptural events  Universe and earth approximately 6,000 years old 2. Archbishop James Ussher a. Tied to final deportation of Judah in 584 BC b. Timeline revealed through age given at begetting 1) Specifically Gen. 5 and 11 2) Creation date of 4,004 BC 3. Debated a. Length of stay of Israelites in Egypt (difference-centuries) b. Age of Terah when Abraham was born (difference-decades) c. Are there gaps in the genealogies? 4. Significance of debated portions a. May establish a maximum age of 10-12,000 years b. Compared to age required by evolution-not really significant B. Evolution model 1. Big Bang-13.7 billion years ago 2. Earth 4.56 billion years ago II. Old age of universe A. Historical timeline 1. Young Earth and global Flood generally accepted through late 1700s 2. Changed starting point (man’s ideas) 3. Charles Lyell a. Principles of Geology (3 volumes) b. Establishes uniformitarianism-the present is the key to the past 4. 1900s a. Discovery of radioactive decay b. Age of the earth jumped to 4.56 billion years B. Necessary 6 CR 370 notes 1. Naturalism requires time 2. Biological evolution requires time  axiom-something that is true because it has to be true C. Uniformitarianism 1. Present is the key to the past 2. No supernatural events 3. Evolutionary doctrine 4. II Peter 3:3-4-this predicts and describes uniformitarianism 5. Problem  Evidence of dramatic changes due to catastrophic conditions abounds 6. Neocatastrophism a. “Notion that rare, high-magnitude events have played an important role in landscape evolution” b. Same as catastrophes today only more intense, but dominated by uniformitarianism c. Nothing supernatural D. Radiometric dating 1. What is it? a. “Process of estimating the age of the rocks from the decay of their radioactive isotopes.”  daughter isotope  parent isotope 1) Measure half-life (how long it takes for daughter cell to become half of the parent cell) 2) Provides a “clock” b. Two types of radiometric dating 1) hot rocks that cool a) Igneous or metamorphic rocks b) Assumed to have only parent element 2) Fossils  the remains of once living organisms a) C-14 dating (radiocarbon dating) b) Can only give an age up to 80,000 years c) How radiocarbon dating “works”  after death C-14 decays into N-14 (Nitrogen-14) but C-12 remains stable  Ratio of C-14 to C-12 is measurable and changes over time d) Half-life of C-14 is 5,730 years 3) What kind of rock surrounds fossils? a) Sedimentary b) CANNOT be radiometrically dated! 2. Is it scientifically valid a. Based on assumptions  Uniformitarians and Their 3 Assumptions: 1) Constant rate of decay 2) Closed system-it is completely blocked from everything; nothing in and nothing out 3) Knowledge of initial starting conditions b. Assumptions are wrong-INVALID! 3. Is it accurate? a. Date rocks of known ages and compare to dates obtained through radiometric dating b. Problems 7 CR 370 notes 1) Old age given to young rocks 2) “Millions of years old” diamonds and fossils have V-14 in them 3) Igneous rocks at the top of the Grand Canyon have been dated as older than rocks at the bottom 4. Radiometric dating for the age of the earth (determined in 1953)  4.56 billion years-earth’s actual age  This date is based on radiometric dating of the Canyon Diablo meteorite E. Distant starlight 1. We can see galaxies from Earth that are billions of light years away. a. What is a light year? 1) It is the distance light can travel in one year 2) c=the speed of light 3) c=186,000 miles per second 4) This means that in a year, light can travel approximately 6,000,000,000,000 miles 5) This is a measurement of distance b. This light should have taken billions of years to get here 2. How did it get here? 3. Evolution explanation  The universe is very old 4. Proposed creationist models (explanations) a. Scriptural explanation 1) God has told us He stretched out the heavens 2) Isaiah 45:12 b. Mechanistic explanations 1) Light in transit 2) CDK (Speed of Light Decay)-The speed of light may have been greater in the past 3) GTD (Gravitational Time Dilation)-time may have flowed more slowly on the earth  time is not constant 4) ASC (Anisotropic Synchrony Convention)-Instantaneous one-way travel of light, but round trip equals speed of light. 5) Big Bang explanation a. Its problems 1) Horizon problem  The temperature of the universe is uniform but should be uneven 2) 8


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