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Lecture 10/6/16 Notes

by: Marina Rodriguez

Lecture 10/6/16 Notes History 190

Marina Rodriguez
Minnesota State University, Mankato

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About this Document

constitutional convention and the debate of the constitution.
United States to 1877
Melodie Andrews
Class Notes
constitution, history, United, States, America, convention, Debate
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

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Date Created: 10/08/16
History 190 Lecture 10/6/16 N.W. Ordinance Cont.  No slavery in new states- Jefferson’s idea  If you brought an already owned slave, it may stay, but no new slaves can be bought in area above th Ohio river CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION AND DEBATE OVER THE CONSTITUTION  Purpose of the meeting (the constitutional convention) was to amend the articles of confederation o Rhode Island never showed, so nothing could pass.  The whole time, they wanted to create a design for a new gov’t system. o Wasn’t authorized, so it was illegal o Everyone took an oath of secrecy  There was no secretary- Madison took good notes though.  Madison had a plan o Borrowed book from Jefferson o Was a bundle of compromises o Considered “Father of the Constitution” BIG QUESTION: how were the people going to be represented in the new form of gov’t?  Small states (statehood) created New Jersey plan  Large states (population) created the Virginia plan  The Great Compromise: created two houses o House of Representatives: population o Senate: statehood- 2 votes per state  All tax bills start in the H.O.R, then sent to the senate to be approved or amended o H.O.R had to approve changes  Representatives can vote as individuals, as can senators  How were slaves going to be counted? o North thought they shouldn’t be counted, then believed they should be counted for taxation but not for representation o Compromise- 3/5 Clause: 3/5 of the number of slaves were counted for representation, but also counted for taxation  “slavery” is not found in the constitution but is referred to.  Fugitive Slave Clause: if slaves ran away, the North had a responsibility to return them to the South. o North didn’t keep up on it.  3 Branches: checks and balances built into this o executive o legislative o judicial  Electoral College: elect the president  Gov’t has exclusive power to print money  Federal system  To get the constitution approved, states elected representatives to go sit and vote on it at a ratifying convention. 2  Did not anticipate political parties  Federalists: supporters of constitution (Madison, Hamilton)  Antifederalists: opposed the constitution (Lee, Henry)  Federalist Papers: 85 essays written by Madison, Hamilton, and John Jay o Essays wrote about constitution o Argued America could enjoy federal gov’t without infringement of states and allow democracy  States who wouldn’t vote on constitution was mostly because they wanted a bill of rights, protecting their individual rights st  Washington was elected 1 president o Set up of executive branch was left to him  3 executive departments: o department of states o department of war (defense) o department of treasury Hamilton Jefferson Strong central gov’t Gov’t that governs least, governs best States econ. Dependent States rights Greed & selfish ambition- Ppl born good- a lot of faith, basis of decisions by they need education and people property Aristocracy of wealth People=farmers=god’s chosen People= bankers, Vision=society=small land merchants owners Born poor -> associate with Born rich -> associate w rich commanders 3 Supporters: federalists Supporters: Jeffersonian republicans 4


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