Lecture 10/6/16 Notes
Lecture 10/6/16 Notes History 190
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 10/08/16
History 190 Lecture 10/6/16 N.W. Ordinance Cont. No slavery in new states- Jefferson’s idea If you brought an already owned slave, it may stay, but no new slaves can be bought in area above th Ohio river CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION AND DEBATE OVER THE CONSTITUTION Purpose of the meeting (the constitutional convention) was to amend the articles of confederation o Rhode Island never showed, so nothing could pass. The whole time, they wanted to create a design for a new gov’t system. o Wasn’t authorized, so it was illegal o Everyone took an oath of secrecy There was no secretary- Madison took good notes though. Madison had a plan o Borrowed book from Jefferson o Was a bundle of compromises o Considered “Father of the Constitution” BIG QUESTION: how were the people going to be represented in the new form of gov’t? Small states (statehood) created New Jersey plan Large states (population) created the Virginia plan The Great Compromise: created two houses o House of Representatives: population o Senate: statehood- 2 votes per state All tax bills start in the H.O.R, then sent to the senate to be approved or amended o H.O.R had to approve changes Representatives can vote as individuals, as can senators How were slaves going to be counted? o North thought they shouldn’t be counted, then believed they should be counted for taxation but not for representation o Compromise- 3/5 Clause: 3/5 of the number of slaves were counted for representation, but also counted for taxation “slavery” is not found in the constitution but is referred to. Fugitive Slave Clause: if slaves ran away, the North had a responsibility to return them to the South. o North didn’t keep up on it. 3 Branches: checks and balances built into this o executive o legislative o judicial Electoral College: elect the president Gov’t has exclusive power to print money Federal system To get the constitution approved, states elected representatives to go sit and vote on it at a ratifying convention. 2 Did not anticipate political parties Federalists: supporters of constitution (Madison, Hamilton) Antifederalists: opposed the constitution (Lee, Henry) Federalist Papers: 85 essays written by Madison, Hamilton, and John Jay o Essays wrote about constitution o Argued America could enjoy federal gov’t without infringement of states and allow democracy States who wouldn’t vote on constitution was mostly because they wanted a bill of rights, protecting their individual rights st Washington was elected 1 president o Set up of executive branch was left to him 3 executive departments: o department of states o department of war (defense) o department of treasury Hamilton Jefferson Strong central gov’t Gov’t that governs least, governs best States econ. Dependent States rights Greed & selfish ambition- Ppl born good- a lot of faith, basis of decisions by they need education and people property Aristocracy of wealth People=farmers=god’s chosen People= bankers, Vision=society=small land merchants owners Born poor -> associate with Born rich -> associate w rich commanders 3 Supporters: federalists Supporters: Jeffersonian republicans 4
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