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Week 7 Notes

by: Katie Mayes

Week 7 Notes ARCH 211

Katie Mayes
GPA 3.56

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About this Document

Sorry for the late upload!! I've been having trouble with this set for some reason! They didn't wanna upload... but I've got them now:) This set includes notes from class, inclass and out of class ...
History of Arch
Dr. Gregor Kalas
Class Notes
Architecture, history
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 211 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Gregor Kalas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see History of Arch in Architecture at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 10/08/16
1 Architecture History October 3, 2016 Great Mosque at Cordoba - Spain - Importance of exterior vs. interior spaces - You don’t feel enclosed/boxed in – makes you feel closer, more connected to nature - Idea of an extracted forest o Multiple columns throughout - Place of worship - Use of spolia o Ancient Roman remains used o Create a familiar area - The Mosque grew and progressed over time - The decoration is more decorative – generic - A Christian church was inserted within the mosque - The purpose of water decorations in courtyard: o Cleansing o Purifying people - Mihrab Dome o To the right - Islamic mosque of worship - Designed to relate to Islamic beliefs o Five Pillars - Qibla o The direction of the Kaaba o Sacred building @ Mecca - Dome is similar to pumpkin domes o Has a very complex dome structure  Columns and arches hold it up  Creates in infinite opening effect  Exploring abstraction House of the Prophet in Medina 2 - Became an important format - Important area facing the courtyard Umayyad Mosque City - Damascus, Syria Patron: Al-Walid - Founded in the year 706 - People have to take off shoes in order To enter into the courtyard - Courtyard o Cleaned constantly o Made of marble o Calm place meant for Peace and purity o Symbolism of an area created For the common good - Community center – open to all o Very public area o You don’t have to be Muslim in Order to enter - Temple was dedicated to Jupiter - The design contributes to the integration Of religion and past - Mosaics in the Courtyard o Multiple trees painted  Idea of growing culture And an abundance of life  Things going well Dome of the Rock - Jerusalem - Patron: 3 o Abd Al-Malik o Umayyad Dynasty - Place of many religious legends o Place associated with Abraham  Where he was supposedly going to sacrifice Isaac - Areas where you can go down to the rock and actually go into the are Mosque of Selim II - Selimye Mosque at Edirne - Turkey by Sinan 1 Architecture History October 5, 2016 Alhambra - Granada, Spain - Court of the Lions o Culture: Nasrid Spain o Poems of IBN Zamrak o Architectural pinnacle o The fountain was a symbol of its decorative richness & complex water system o Muhammad V was responsible for the construction o Open air courtyard o Debate over whether the four sides of the cross were originally paved or covered with bushes placed at a lower level than the galleries and walkways - Hall of the Two Sisters o Muqarnas Dome o Two big twin marble flagstones are part of the floor o Square shape o Bedchambers with interlacing ceilings o High chambers o Small fountain w/ a little channel that carries the water to the patio of the lions o Walls covered with extremely fine plasterwork - Cuarto Dorado or Golden Court o Marble capitals 2 o Paintings decorate the walls o There’s a balcony divided by a column With Christian capital o The building is decorated with Royal emblems o Where the emirs would give Audiences to their subjects o Wood Ceiling o Glazed tiles façade - Court of the Myrtles o (Patio de los Arrayanes) o Named “Court of Myrtles” Because of the myrtle bushes that Surround the central pond o The patio is made of white marble o The pond divides the patio and Receives water from two fountains (one at each end) o There are chambers on both sides Of the patio o It’s also decorated with porticoes Which are on columns with cubic capitals  Semicircular are decorated with Inscriptions praising God o There are many chambers as a part Of the area - Dome of the Hall of Ambassadors o Most majestic hall of the palace o The throne was once here, and Official receptions took place here o A double arch connects this hall to another o The floor was once made of marble, Now it’s clay floor tiles, with Coat of arms of the Alamares made Of glazed ceramic tiles from the 16 cent. o Decorative inscriptions cover the walls – all praises to God or the emir - Sala de los Mocarabes o Served as a vestibular or reception room o There are three large stalactite arches, 3 that are greatly decorated o Its name comes from the vault that originally covered the stay o The material was very fragile Topkapi Palace - Istanbul, Turkey - Ottoman Palace o Revan Kiosk - Started at 1460, finished at 1478 - Built upon an area on an Eastern Roman Acropolis - It was the administrative, education and art Center of the Empire for nearly 400 years - There are gardens surrounding the palace - It has four courtyards - Gate of Felicity o Entrance to the inner court  Also known as the 3 Courtyard o Sultan used this gate – symbolizing His might o It represents the sultan – no one could pass This gate without his authority o There are facades on the outside o Ionic capitals hold up a wooden ceiling dome Cyrus II the Great Achaemenid Empire - Pasargadae, Iran - Chahar Bagh at the palace Complex of Cyrus o “Chahar Bagh”  Persian-style garden layout 4 o This empire was the largest the ancient World had seen o


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