New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 5

by: Luppino70
GPA 3.4

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

What we covered in week 5, after the exam
Crime Prevention
Dr. Jason Spraitz
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Crime Prevention

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luppino70 on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRMJ 303 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Jason Spraitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Crime Prevention in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Reviews for Week 5


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/08/16
Ch. 4 Physical Environment Friday, September 30, 2016 4:34 PM Everything here is a combination of what came from the textbook and from class, but those things highlighted in green were talked about in class Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design: Using the layout of an area to keep crime from occurring. This emerged in the 70s from Oscar Newman at what he called defensible space, low rise public housing will have less crime than high rising public housing,. He looked to build a caring, interactive, and more informal control environment through the design of living and public space. Social Fabric Defensible Space: Physical traits of a territory can affect resident and possible offenders actions. Territoriality: The want and will of legitimate user of an area to claim said area. Defining public vs private space and showing possible restricted access Symbolic Territoriality: Signs and landscaping as examples to mark ones territory. Real Territoriality: A barrier in front of people to designate an area, they must get through another way. Fortressing: is making the home more defensible to keep people out. Too much can lead to seeing this as a target for a big score and more can lead to better cover to hide. Natural Surveillance: Residents observing what is around them without special measures Image: Design making the space to look invulnerable to crime. Prevention comes from the area being well maintained and clean, and extends to surrounding areas. Milieu: The placement of matters Other goals Access Control: Only those who have a quality reason and qualify may enter an area. Such as keeping only those with keys can get into the building, locking the car, etc. Target Hardening: Taking precautions to ensure less chance of victimization. Installing an alarm, signs. Alley Gating: Putting up gates in alleys to restrict access Surveillance: Any measure taken to increase the possibility of offenders to be watched Formal Surveillance: Guards or those paid for watching for crimes Mechanical Surveillance: Cameras to observe what is happening, Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) Activity Support and Motivation Reinforcement Having events to bring in social interaction and increase territoriality. Measuring CPTED Direct effects Doing evaluations on how things like access control and surveillance has had an impact on crime Design on intervening factors Is there a fear of crime reduction? Is there a feeling of territoriality? More surveys and interviews performed. Lighting: giving a spot visibility to be observed. This can identify an offender, make certain places undesirable or more outside activity meaning more surveillance. Research has been all over. The only consistency comes from a reduction of the fear of crime Surveillance: Any measure taken to increase the possibility of offenders to be watched Refuge: Concealment either being available or not available. Hiding and protection of potential offenders Prospect: An individual having the mental capacity to observe a territory Escape: Ability for an offender to leave the space Second Generation CPTED: Incorporating social factors. Third Generation CPTED: Adding a green aspect to the mix Permeability: The ability to come in and out of a designated area OTREP: Opportunity to commit crimes come from Targeting, Risk, Effort, and Payoff Secured By Design: putting safety and security measures into new and old buildings Crime and Disorder Act (1998): Cooperate agencies but mostly for architects and city planners to design things so crime would be difficult to perform Operational Identification: Programs to make it very hard for people to take marked items Reducing Burglary Initiative (1999, England): Having a community to see what is causing burglaries in their area and countering them with target hardening or alley gating.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.