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HIST 307 Lecture Notes 10/3 & 10/5

by: Alaina Notetaker

HIST 307 Lecture Notes 10/3 & 10/5 Hist 307

Marketplace > University of Louisiana at Lafayette > History > Hist 307 > HIST 307 Lecture Notes 10 3 10 5
Alaina Notetaker
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

1800s New Orleans
History of Louisiana
Ms. Elizabeth Skilton
Class Notes
Louisiana, history
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alaina Notetaker on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 307 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Ms. Elizabeth Skilton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see History of Louisiana in History at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 10/08/16
10/3 STUDY TERMS • William C.C. Claiborne • Americans vs. Creoles • Pierre derbigny • Constitution of 1845 • Constitution of 1852 • St. Charles hotel • St. Louis hotel • James Robb • Panic of 1837 • Henry Miller Shreve • American Party / "Know ­Nothing's" • Whigs • "Yellow jack" • Theodore Clapp • De Bow's Review • John James Audubon • Paul Morphy • Louis Moreau Gottschalk • Congo Square • Bras Coupe • Solomon Northup • L'Album Litteraire • Les Cenelles • Armand Lanusse • Edmond Dede • Norbert Rilleux • Placage • Antebellum Louisiana ?When Louisiana becomes a state ?Plantation slavery was the lifestyle • New Orleans, 1805 ?Slavery changes agriculture in Louisiana • Population of Louisiana, 1812­1860 ?1812 ‣ Whites ­ 80,000 ‣ Slaves ­ 40,000 ‣ FPC ­ 8,000 ‣ Total: 128,000 ?1820 ‣ Whites ­ 200,000 ‣ Slaves ­ 69,000 ‣ FPC ­ 10,500 ‣ Total: 279,500 ?1840 ‣ Whites ­ 250,000 ‣ Slaves ­ 168,000 ‣ FPC ­ 25,500 ‣ Total: 443,500 ?1860 ‣ Whites ­ 600,000 ‣ Slaves ­ 331,750 ‣ FPC ­ 18,500 ‣ Total: 950,250 • Cotton Production, 1820­1860 ?Production increased greatly • New Orleans, 1815 ?City is made up of roads and mapped out in a grid pattern • New Orleans, 1845 ?The city has expanded greatly, mostly upriver • St. Louis Hotel ?Prominent hotel in the French quarter, where Europeans would stay ?1st municipality • St. Charles Hotel ?American hotel ?2nd municipality • Louisiana Civil Code, 1825 (based on Napoleonic Code) ?3 men from different cultural groups worked together on it ?They were also running against each other in office; they worked on it together because  the  laws were important to them ?Key distinction between common law and napoleonic law is that in Louisiana, women  had more rights in the eyes of the law; women inherited property from her husband;  women had greater rights but NOT equal rights • POLITICS ?Americans vs Creoles ‣ Elections had candidates from both sides ‣ New Orleans is divided into municipalities • French settle in the original land • Americans settle in the 2nd, business district ?Whigs vs Democrats (sugar vs cotton) ‣ Democratic Party is the party of cotton planters; not wealthy people ‣ Democrats were the first political party ‣ Whigs formed to compete against Jackson and the democrats; they stood out  from the democrats ‣ Whigs stood for: • Internal improvements (canals, roadways, bridges, etc.) • A national bank • High protective teriffs (this was good for sugar but bad for cotton) ‣ Whigs supported the federal government, the democrats did not ‣ They all supported slavery ?Know­Nothing's vs Democrats ‣ Know­Nothing's were the Americanist Party or the Nativist Party ‣ Know­Nothing's were anti­immigrant; they believed in hard working  Americans ‣ Democrats favored immigration; they would sign immigrants up to vote as they  got off the boat; did this to boost their party ‣ Know­nothing's were also anti­ Roman Catholic ‣ Southerners favored democrats because of their stance on slavery and because  of the lack of alternatives ?By 1860 the entire south was democrats • Intra­Urban Railway, 1830 ?The railroad changed what kind of internal improvements were important at this point ?The 2nd railroad in the US, 1st one in Louisiana, was called the Smoking Mary; used for transporting people, not hauling goods ?These railroads just went around the city, not long distances • Abraham Lincoln, 1828 & 1831 ?Makes trips to New Orleans; he was very young when he made these trips ?Lincoln sees the Smoking Mary for the first time; this is what got him to join the Whig  Party ?He sees a slave auction in New Orleans and swears that he will take a stand against  slavery • Henry Miller Shreve ?Clears the "Great Red River Log Jam" in 1840 ?Important internal improvement • James Robb ?Becomes one of the most wealthy citizens in the state; Funds the railroads ?Builds the largest home in the city; Has an art museum in his home • During this period, the city of New Orleans was the wealthiest in the United States ?Economic depression ends the wealth of the city • Old State Capitol Building, Baton Rogue ?Governor dies in a carriage accident; so who is governor now? ‣ Lt. governor position is created ?Capital building is originally in Donaldsonville, it's later moved to Baton Rouge ?New constitution is created; more democratic • Constitution of 1845 ?Wanted to avoid the economic decline ?Limited the role of banks • Constitution of 1852 ?Even more democratic • Zachary Taylor, hero of the Mexican­American War; elected president in 1848 ?Louisiana resident; commanding officer for the untied states ?He was a member of the Whig party 10/5 • Midterm ?How to study ‣ Study terms ‣ Quizzes ‣ Notes ‣ Reader ‣ Textbook ?Layout of the exam ‣ 10 matching (2 points each) ‣ 10 multiple choice (2 points each) ‣ 10 true/false (2 points each) ‣ 5 short answer (4 points each) ‣ 4 short essay (5 points each) • By the 1850s, the Whigs are no longer in politics • Immigrants start showing up in America from all over Europe ?Ecclesiastical Square ‣ St. Alphonsus = Irish ‣ St. Mary's Assumption = German ?German newspaper published in the city ?Monument to Irish workers that built the New Basin Canal (1831­1838) • Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1853 ?1853 = 2,000 deaths ?1847­1858 = 25,000 deaths ?Director of Sanitation of the city concludes that standing water and drainage was the  cause of the outbreak; he was very close to identifying the actual cause which was  mosquitos ?Rev. Theodore Clapp ‣ He would administered to yellow fever victims which was thought to be  contagious at the time; people thought he was brave for putting himself in danger • Hurricane of 1856 destroyed Isle Derniere or Last Island ?A few hundred died in the storm ?Somewhat connected to yellow fever because the people were going there to escape • John James Audubon ?World renowned painter from New Orleans ?Originally from St Domingue ?He was a tutor on a plantation where he teaches children and hunts and gathers  specimens for his artwork ?Birds of America (1840) • Louis Gottschalk ?Musician ?Saw and heard the dancing of African music in Congo Square • Paul Morphy ?His father was the head of the state Supreme Court in Louisiana ?By 18, he became the first world champion in chess ?He only plays for 3 years, he retires, moves to New Orleans and gets a law degree ?By 1860s he's gone crazy, has a heart attack, and dies • J.D.B. DeBow ?Editor of DeBow's review, a monthly "magazine" that he put out ?Successful because his articles talked about how to manage a plantation, what to grow,  slave management,etc. • Agriculture and plantation slavery in Antebellum Louisiana ? Slaves made up around 50% of the population ?Rate of Return; Sugar vs Cotton ‣ Sugar = higher start up cost, but greater return on your investment ‣ Cotton = lower start up cost, but less return on your investment ‣ Sugar cost more because it required more sophisticated machinery to refine  sugar ‣ Sugar also requires a specific climate and soil to grow; cotton could be grown  anywhere ‣ Harvesting sugar required much more physically demanding work and also  required someone who had knowledge of the machinery needed; harvesting cotton did not require hard labor so any one could do it ?Two most important facts about slavery in Louisiana ‣ Most whites did not own slaves; those that did, owned less than 5. ‣ Most slaves lived on plantations with more than 500 slaves. ?Slave Cabins ‣ Wooden, 2 room cabins with a porch ?Life as a slave ‣ House slave • Beneficial because you could better your relationship with your owner • Could get better food • Also, more susceptible to beatings and humiliation from the owner;  women house slaves could be subject to sexual abuse • Closer proximity to the owner is not always good • Could be left out the loop from the other slaves ‣ Field slave • Outside working fields • Labor intensive with long hours • Not in close proximity to the owner so they had a little more "freedom" ‣ Having a trade or a skill made you more valuable, therefore the owner was  likely to treat you with more leniency ?Slave Markets ‣ New Orleans was the trading center of the deep south ‣ Slaves were being auctioned off next to paintings and cargo ‣ This is where the ugly truth of slavery was surfaced ‣ 3 features necessary for a slave sale: slave, seller, buyer ‣ The process • The slave played an important role; they could sabotage the process by  pretending to be ill; or the other way around, they could show off a talent


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