Hist 1060 notes week 5
Hist 1060 notes week 5 Hist 1060
Popular in World History from the sixteenth century
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justin Larremore on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1060 at University of North Texas taught by Kristan Foust Ewin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see World History from the sixteenth century in History at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 10/08/16
Hist 1060 Week 5 notes All material covered in week 5 is not necessary for Exam 2. Delhi Sultanate Muslim empire in north India during the Mongol conquest Sultan Iletmish d. 1236 Stopped Mongols from moving into Southern India, pushed them towards Persia Mughal Empire 15261707 A muslim empire ruling over a hindu people Founded by warlord, Babur Took over Punjab region then the Delhi Sultanate Used regional resources well and made the Mughals very wealthy Sher Khan 1540 Humayan, the son of Babur came to power after Babur died Pushed out Humayan, ruled over Mughals, unified the empire w/coinage system Humayan returned, took power back, fell down the stairs drunk and died Akbar 1555 Son of Humayan, very good ruler to majority of his subjects Tolerant of Hindus, repealed nonmuslim taxes and unfair laws Allowed Hindus into government Jahangir 1605 Son of Akbar, continued to expand through military conquest Married a devout muslim princess, she influenced a shift back to Islam Shan Jahan Son of Akbar’s wife but not Akbar Built the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort Not a great ruler, he sent soldiers to forcibly put down famine revolts Imprisoned by his son in his own Red Fort to gain power Aurangzeb Son of Shan Jahan Puritanical Islamic rule, reinstated old biased laws on nonmuslims Tore down Hindu temples and outlawed building new ones India was first southern Asian state to have contact w/Europeans Portuguese start trade in 1498 w/Vasco da Gama 15101961, Goa was Portuguese headquarters w/a Viceroy Portuguese traders in conflict w/Indian ocean muslim traders Portuguese control in Indian Ocean eventually replaced by the British Mughals allowed British entrance to India b/c of demonstrated naval power Britain gave British East India Co. a trade monopoly in India and it handled exploration Originally, the British were not interested in settling India or establishing colonies After Mughal empire’s end, the British stepped in power vacuum and moved to take power in India through direct rule or indirect rule via loyal nobles Africa Most info in previous week’s notes West Africa developed muslimlike culture and kingdoms Southern Africa remains mostly traditional w/Bantu states lack of muslim contact East Africa controlled by Swahili empires, coastal ocean states w/Indian ocean trade The Americas South America Olmec and Zapotecs Very isolated people groups No wheel or domesticated animals Very sophisticated agriculture Mayan Flourished form 200BCE to 900CE Writing system Advanced math and science especially astronomy Calendar based on astronomical observations Aztecs Called themselves Tenocha or Mexica Settled originally as seminomadic mercenaries Regional domination through force Bullied neighboring people for resources, almost feudalistic Religion dominated their lives, ritual human sacrifice very common Technology: Very good hydraulic farming techniques Turned marshland into farmland w/irrigation system Incans Developed in the Andean highlands Was a conglomerate empire composed of different people groups Economy: Very closely resembled a communist society Food distribution Technology: Grew foods at high altitude Domesticated alpacas and guinea pigs Religion: Polytheistic, centered on nature North America Diverse and varied tribal groups Settled and seminomadic all spread out across the continent Europeans in North America English, Spanish, French Little effort to colonize until 1600 1603French colony Arcadia 1607Jamestown 1609Hudson explores Canada 1620Plymouth colony Columbian Exchange Crops, animals, and diseases all move from one continent to another The Renaissance 13501550 European states during Renaissance Nations are gradually solidifying territory and centralizing authority Spain One of the first nations to emerge as a unified state Reconquista pushed out muslims, unified Spain under Catholicism Inquisition investigated conversos and maintained catholic authority England War of the Roses 14551485 Henry VII 14851509 Won the throne and established Tudor dynasty Henry VIII 15091547 Established Church of England and separated from Catholic church Germany and Italy Fragmented regions and states Eventually consolidate but it takes centuries Renaissance “Rebirth” of civilization Crusades opened trade with East, classics (Greek and Roman ideas) brought back Renaissance origins in Italy Italy was a trade hub Fragmented states allowed for mobility between them Different govts allowed for cultural influences to merge and move around Humanism Exploring what it means to be human During Medieval period priority was religion and God Humanism shifted priorities back to people just like the Classical era Humanism in the Arts Giotto 1300 “Lamentation” put expressions on figures in a religious painting Da Vinci Renaissance man, branched out to all kinds of studies Michelangelo Greek and latin ideas, very humanist ideas in his art Raphael “School of Athens” big emphasis on classical philosophers Brunelleschi Figured out how to make first dome since the Romans Renaissance spreads out from Italy England Shakespeare Spencer “the Faerie Queene” Marlowe contemporary of Shakespeare, also a playwright France Francis I allowed his court to be a haven for Renaissance arts Montaigne humanist writer and thinker Germany Gutenberg printing press, movable type allowed for widespread books Spain Miguel Cervanteswrote Don Quixote, a satirical take on medieval life
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