Week 7 Notes
Week 7 Notes Comm 101
Popular in Communications in the 21st Century
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Popular in Communication
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Choma on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 101 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Aaron Duncan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Communications in the 21st Century in Communication at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 10/08/16
Communication in the 21 Century COMM 101 Week Seven Notes 10/3 in class notes Reimaging the Self-Made Man The annual revenue generated from legalized gambling in America exceeds the amount generated from movie tickets, recorded music, etc. The American Gaming Association reported that in 2014 gross gaming revenue was estimated to be $65 billion McManus (2009) claimed that while baseball has been said to be America’s pastime, poker has replaced it as the game American’s truly care about Risk Society o A “society increasingly preoccupied with the future and also with safety generates the notion of risk” o We have become a society obsessed with risk and the future Causes of the Risk Society o The Industrial Revolution and technological advances of the 20 th century managed some persistent risks, but introduced new, sometimes more drastic risks like climate disruption, etc. o The news media constructs stories centered around risk o Politicians talk about the future and frame their rhetoric in terms of risk Poker and the Risk Society o Poker is a game focused on risk and predicting the future o Poker required reflexivity (the ability to reflect and adjust to one’s own behavior and changing environment) o Success in the game of poker is gained by those who can best embrace and manage risk Myths o Myths are stories raised to the status of public dreams o Are not necessarily false, in fact a defining characteristic of myths that a group of people believes them o Myths make sense of either the past, present, or future The Power of Myths o Myths have a multitude of functions and influence society in a variety of ways o It is important to recognize that myths work to build group identity and create their own audiences o Myths also provide resources to address problems facing their audiences; myths are important because they provide symbolic solutions to problems and psychological crises facing society o Myths also provide their audience with a particular view of the current world and work to prescribe future action Mythic Criticism o Identify a text of social significance and connected it to an important cultural myth o Examine the myth and describe how the myth has been adapted to new circumstances o Analyzed the text to see how it supported, subverted, or in other ways altered the myth o Finally, draw implications concerning the impact of the text on the myth and society Myth of the Self-Made Man o Has 3 interrelated strains of the myth which, when woven together, create the myth of the self-made man in American society: Conservative protestant ethic The values of individual and social virtue The self-made entrepreneur who is often closely associated with the work of Horatio Alger The Protestant Ethic o The American Dream grew out of a strong protestant ethic, a sense of thrift, and knowing the value of a hard-earned dollar o It emphasized the importance of hard work and commitment to it o This stand of myth is not overly materialistic; one should work to be able to provide a comfortable but not excessive life for themselves and their loved ones Individual and Social Virtue o Emphasize the importance of being both virtuous in one’s daily life and insuring that one’s actions also better society o Benjamin Franklin exemplified the myth Horatio Alger and the Self-Made Entrepreneur o Alger wrote stories in the mid-late part of the 19 century o His stories told the story of common people who rose up from poverty to become successful people o His characters were entrepreneurial in nature creating their own businesses “making themselves” o Luck was also a central part of the story Poker and the Rise of Risk Society o I content that poker is a useful lens through which to view the risk society; contemporary gambling is emblematic of modernity and post-modernity Poker, Gambling, and the New World Work o Poker challenges the basic framework of capitalism o Economist Adam Smith (1776) wrote in his landmark book The Wealth of Nations that economies are predicted on the exchange of goods and services o Claimed that a country’s wealth was not the sum of its material assets, but the flow of goods and services that it produces o In contrast, poker players provide no tangible goods or services; thus, a nation of poker players might have high material assets, but they would still be considered poor by Smith’s calculation o Instead of creating products and services, poker players learn and exercise a skill that allows them to profit while producing not product or service 10/5 in class notes Communication and the Changing World of Work Organizational Communication o The interaction required to direct a group of people toward a shared goal o Nothing about this process is easy, certain and skills are required o Many of the interactions we have throughout our lives will be unsatisfactory This is because they are shaped in the shadow of organizations who often have and create poor communication Inevitability of Change o Students going out into the world of work often have misconceptions about what their first jobs will be like o We believe that we will work for competent and fair managers o We believe that we will have stable careers and often surprised by the continual and dramatic nature of organizational change o There are no easy answers to effective organizational communication and challenges o The definition of effective organizational communication changes from organization to organization, industry, and different people Organizational Communication o Organizational communication is “situated” and “perishable” o Situated – this means that it is situational specific; effective comm. for a construction company is different than what it would be for a film production company or a small paper company o Perishable – we mean that patterns of interaction that were effective last year may be outdated today due to changes in customer taste and technology o Myspace & Friendster were once dominant social media companies o Blockbuster was the largest home movie company in the country o What is clear is that the rapid changes taking place today demand speedy, flexible, and responsive organizational communication processes The Impact of Globalization o Globalization: the closer integration of the countries and peoples of the world which has been brought about the enormous reduction of costs of transportation and communication, and the breaking down of artificial barriers to the flows of goods, services, capital, knowledge, and people across boarders o Outsourcing: when companies in the U.S. choose to hire people in other countries to do some of their work Business today search the globe for the lowest labor costs and move jobs to where they can get the cheapest workers Example – Nike has been known for having “sweatshops” in South Korea & Apple has had its products made in “Foxconn” in China o Companies are increasingly global and transnational in nature o Corporate inversion: occurs when a company, in attempt to lowers its taxes, buys a much smaller company in a foreign country that has a more favorable tax code The company does not actually change how it does business by how claims that is company is located in another country