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Public Health Concepts, Week 7

by: Samantha Notetaker

Public Health Concepts, Week 7 PHC4101

Marketplace > University of Florida > Epidemiology > PHC4101 > Public Health Concepts Week 7
Samantha Notetaker
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

This covers the lecture and the presentation from this week.
Public Health Concepts
Deepthi Varma
Class Notes
chronic disease
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHC4101 at University of Florida taught by Deepthi Varma in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Public Health Concepts in Epidemiology at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 10/08/16
PublicHealthConcepts Major Chronic Diseases Cardiovascular Disease Leading cause of death in the United States: heart disease Higher Risks  Higher age  High blood pressure  African American  Smoking  Women  Genetic  High cholesterol Arteriosclerosis – hardening of the arteries LDL – bad cholesterol HDL – good cholesterol Prevention  Exercise, don’t smoke, eat healthy Cancer 2 leading cause of death in the U.S.  There are lots of different types of cancer  Some cancers are “curable” – most are not – and reoccurrence is a big issue Cancer Development Cells are transformed (mutated) – then grow uncontrollably DNA mutations result from  Chemicals  Hormones  Viruses  Diet  Radiation Cancer risk factors  Smoking  Occupational exposure  Unhealthy diet  Reproductive factors  Lack of experience  Alcohol There has been a dramatic increase in lung cancer Cancer Survivors There are many survivors, but there is also a big risk for reoccurrence that must be watched Having one type of cancer increases the risk of another type of cancer occurring What is a Chronic Disease?  A long lasting condition that cannot be cured, only managed Main types:  Cardiovascular diseases  Mental illness  Cancers  Alzheimer’s disease  Chronic respiratory diseases  Arthritis  Diabetes Statistics - About 50% of adults have a chronic disease - 1 in 4 adults have more than one chronic disease - Arthritis is the most common - Diabetes is the leading cause of many life threatening problems Tobacco Use - 1 in 5 people smoke - 435,000 deaths each year due to tobacco use - E-cigarettes long term effects are not known yet Poor diet and lack of exercise are big contributors to chronic diseases Cost of Chronic Disease Billions of dollars are spent annually on heart disease, diabetes, and cancer Other Health Concerns and Behaviors Prescription drug use: major increase in prescription pain medicine leading to unintended drug abuse ad overdose Obesity – contributes to many chronic conditions Concussions and Sports injuries – high rates of concussions E-cigarettes – not much is known about the effects of e-cigarettes, nicotine poisoning is possible, becoming a growing concern Firearm injuries – needs more research on risk and protective factors Mental Health – many people in the US suffer from a mental illness, many also face lack of access to care, financial issues, and stigma Screening Medical test to determine the likelihood of someone having the disease Sensitivity – a test’s ability to diagnose a patient with the disease Specificity – a test’s ability to designate that a patient does not have the disease Predictive value – the probability of having a disease


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