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MUS 14 Week 2 Notes; Professor Lysloff

by: Carolyn Polo

MUS 14 Week 2 Notes; Professor Lysloff MUS 014

Marketplace > University of California Riverside > Music > MUS 014 > MUS 14 Week 2 Notes Professor Lysloff
Carolyn Polo

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Hey guys! These notes include notes on lecture 5 given on 10/6/16. In this lecture we discussed the concepts of subcultures, Jamaica, Rastafarianism, and Reggae (as well as its origins). I hope these
Popular Musics of the World
Rene Lysoff
Class Notes
Rastafarianism, Jamaica, Reggae, Rocksteady, Ska, Mento, bob marley, Subculture
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carolyn Polo on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 014 at University of California Riverside taught by Rene Lysoff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 403 views. For similar materials see Popular Musics of the World in Music at University of California Riverside.


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Date Created: 10/08/16
Carolyn Polo Professor Lysloff MUS 14 Week 2 Notes Lecture 4 Notes: Film -- The Spirit of Samba (4 October 2016) ❖ Subculture ➢ Culture developed from another culture ➢ Elements of parent/mainstream culture are taken and reconfigured and given new meanings ■ Elements can be fashion, behaviors, objects, etc. ■ Subcultures use counter cultural contexts ● Punk culture ◆ Body piercings and tattoos (elements) given dark, punk context(reconfigured→ subculture) ● Hippies ◆ Baggy clothing ➢ Done in bricolage fashion (things put together messily/out of order) Lecture 5: Jamaica (6 October 2016) ❖ Jamaica ➢ Formerly Spanish colony, then English took over Spanish colony and named it Jamaica (1962) ❖ Rastafarianism ➢ Developed in the 1930s ➢ African/Ethiopian connection ➢ Promoted pan-africanism and afro-centrism ■ Afro-centrism -- celebrating/recognizing what it means to be African ➢ Babylon ■ City in the bible ■ Reconfiguration of Christian belief for black nationalism ■ Black suffering ➢ Jah means God ➢ Inspired by ​Marcus Garvey​(1887-1940) ■ Jamaican political figure ➢ Haile Selassie ■ Ethiopian Emperor ■ Religious figure to Jamaicans ➢ Michael Manley ■ Political figure ■ To win votes (running for Parliament), brought Haile Selassie to Jamaica -- political move ➢ Dreadlocks are symbol for social identity; object oppression ➢ Use of Ganja (Marijuana) ➢ Colors ■ green -- represents jungle ■ Yellow -- represents the color gold; sunshine ■ Red -- represents blood ■ Black -- represents Africans ❖ Roots of Reggae (pre-reggae music) ➢ Mento ■ Pre-reggae music ■ Rhythm: soungs like ¾ time with accented 1st beat ● 1 2 3 x 1 2 3 x 1 2 3 x … ➢ Ska ■ Rhythm: sounds like 4/4 time ● x 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x … ■ New Orleans jazz influence (brass instruments) ■ Bass on down beat (1 and 3) ■ Saxophone and guitar on offbeat (the x’s) ➢ Rocksteady ■ Rhythm: sounds like 4/4 time ● x 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x … ■ Percussion less prominent/aggressive ■ Bass is rhythmically more interesting and louder/active ■ Ex. “Love Me Today” by Stranger Cole ❖ Reggae ➢ A refinement of rocksteady ➢ Popular in U.K., U.S., Europe, and Africa by late 60s ➢ Jimmy Cliff rose to stardom with the film “The Harder They Come” (1972) ■ “The Harder They Come” also a song if you want to search it and listen to it ➢ Bob Marley ■ Committed rastafarian ■ Started in 1963 with The Wailers ■ Went solo 1974 when The Wailers disbanded ■ “One Love” ● Early Ska version (1965) ◆ Sax and guitar on weak beats ● Reggae version (1977) ◆ Elaborate syncopated bass ***if anyone needs clarification or has any questions about these notes, please contact me at ​ ***Thanks for purchasing my notes! I hope they were helpful :)


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