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Criminal Justice Notes for the week of October 3-7

by: Kalee Grace Jones

Criminal Justice Notes for the week of October 3-7 CJ 100

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Criminal Justice > CJ 100 > Criminal Justice Notes for the week of October 3 7
Kalee Grace Jones
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About this Document

These notes cover Visible Crimes
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Class Notes
VisibleCrimes, Intro to criminal justice, Fraud




Popular in Intro to Criminal Justice

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kalee Grace Jones on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Similar to CJ 100 at UA

Popular in Criminal Justice


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Date Created: 10/08/16
Criminal Justice Notes for the week of October 3-7 Visible Crimes • “street crimes” • Majority of law enforcement resources • Three categories 1. Violent Crimes 2. Property Crimes 3. Public Order Crimes • White-Collar Crimes are NOT an example of visible crimes. They are invisible because they happen behind the scenes by high class individuals/companies Violent Crimes • Physical injury or death is a result • Most of these offenses are committed by people who know their victim! • 75% of violent crimes are committed by an acquaintance 1. Murder and Nonnegligent (Voluntary) Manslaughter o Willful killing of one human being by another (intent is present) st • 1 Degree Murder-premeditated intentional killings, felony murder (commission of a violent felony) ND • 2 Degree Murder-unplanned death of a victim, was a distinct possibility-reckless action (Ex. Drunk driving or texting while driving) • Voluntary Manslaughter-Intentional killing in which the offender had no prior intent (not premeditated) to kill (“heat of passion.”) • Planning does not have to be planned for hours, days, or even years. It can be planned on 30 seconds! st • Felony Murder- still can be charged with 1 degree murder even if not premeditated. You had no intent on killing anyone, but out did by accident. YOU CAN STILL BE CHARGED WITH FIRST DEGREE MURDER • Most serious of charges • Capitol case • Can bring the death penalty to the table • Some say it ruled the death penalty unconstitutional • Second degree murder is often blurred with voluntary manslaughter o Distinctly reckless o So drunk you getting car and drive and kill someone, you can be changed with second degree murder. • Voluntary Manslaughter- if you walk in and see someone in bed with your significant other, anger takes over you and you kill them. “heat of passion” or “anger in the moment” • Involuntary Manslaughter- In mall parking lot and accidentally run over someone o Texting and driving is distinctly reckless. (Second degree murder) o Negligence o Usually 45 years maximum in jail, sometimes no time. o Prosecutors can charge you with whatever they want to charge you with. • Self-Defense • Telling someone else to commit the crime can be considered premeditated. 2. Forcible Rape • Used to be “Carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.” 2 • ***Updated Definition: FBI has changed the definition to include males and not just to include just forcible (unconscious, physically, or mentally disabled, drugs/alcohol) 3. Robbery • The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear. 4. Aggravated Assault • Unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. o Assault-Threat, fear, words o Battery-Actual use of force or violence • Aggravated-weapon was used (can be fist, hand, foot, or any body part as well! Property Crimes • The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force of threat of force against the victim 1. Burglary • The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft • To classify an offense as a burglary, the use of force to gain entry need not have occurred. • NOT THE SAME AS ROBBERY!!!! • Do not have to break anything if you are unlawfully there it is burglary 2. Larceny-Theft • The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another • Examples are thefts of bicycles, motor vehicle parts and accessories, shoplifting, pocket –picking or the stalling of any 3 property or article that is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. • DOES NOT APPLY TO CARS 3. Motor-Vehicle Theft 4. Arson • Any willful or malicious burning or attempting to burn with or without intent to defraud a dwelling house public building motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another etc. Embezzlement • The Fraudulent conversion of another’s property by a person who is in a position of trust (such as an agent or employee) • Examples: accounting embezzlement Tax Evasion • Perpetrator attempts to avoid paying taxes they would otherwise owe. • Ranges from filing taxes forms with false information to illegally transferring property so as to avoid tax obligation. Money Laundering • Criminal act of filtering illegally obtained (“dirty”) money through many transactions designed to make the money appear legitimate (“clean”). Bankruptcy Fraud • Concealing assets to avoid having to forfeit them. • Intentionally filing false or incomplete forms • Example: petition mills • Petition Mills - Scams that say they help pay service debt all you have to do is pay a low amount (such as $50) each month and they are not actually helping you at all. Insurance fraud • Refers to any duplicitous act performed with the intent to obtain an improper payment from an insurer. 4 • Duplicitous-Two Sided • Bugatti Takes a swim is an example of HARD FRAUD-Trying to get insurance money and did not know there was a video circulating on the internet • Hard Fraud- deliberate destruction • Soft Fraud-Exaggeration • Life Insurance Fraud Counterfeiting • Someone copies an item without having been authorized to do so and then passes the copy off for the genuine or original item. • Example: Money, designer clothes, handbags, watches, etc. • China Town in New York City is the home of counterfeit clothing. • Can involve any type of product Insider Trading • Trading company’s stocks or other securities by individuals with access to confidential or non-public information about the company • This happens All. The. Time. • Martha Stewart went to prison for being involved with insider trading. Bribery • Corrupt solicitation, acceptance, or transfer of value in exchange for official action. Credit Card Fraud • Form of identity theft that involves an unauthorized taking of another’s credit card information for the purpose of charging purchases to the account. • Two Main types: Application fraud and account fraud. Phone and Telemarketing Fraud 5 • Any type of scheme in which a criminal communicates with the potential victim via the telephone. • Obtain info from victims when acting like a legitimate company, fake checks, tell them they are overpaid. • “Phony” fund-raising-targets tragedies and natural disasters 6


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