POLS 220 Week 7 notes
POLS 220 Week 7 notes POLS 220 001
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Landry Notetaker on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 220 001 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Dr. Frost in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 10/08/16
Great Britain- 10.4.16 Third most powerful party in GB - Liberal Democratic Party o Never been able to form a government on their own How you pick a leader of the party? - Completely up to the party mechanics o Conservatives Allowed to vote for party leader o Labor parties Percentage of votes Union members get to vote too Due paying members get to vote as well Each of the parties have a manifesto - Party Manifesto o Similar to our democratic and republican platforms o Documents that he parties right spelling out to the voters what they hope to do or achieve if they are elected o Greatly read in GB Voting for the party not the person Expected, if elected, because nothing is stopping them How the parties became so unified so that now they vote the same way, became so monolithic, so unified, why GB now has a tight party system while several hundred years ago it was much looser or fluid How the parties became more unified throughout history? Most British government thought there was three things they were responsible for: - Foreign affairs - Defense of the nation - Law and order - Raised a small tax to pay for these services What began to happen over the years that increased the strength of the parties internally because of what government was asked to do - Increase in the electorate starting with the Great Reform Act of 1842 o The number of people allowed to vote increased The people who get to vote are people who are poor and more disadvantages Want change and radical change at that To capture vote parties are going to have to become more unified - Differences in the party become more visible and more entrenched o Leaders began to think that they need to have more control over what individuals in parliament do - Mandate begins to gain currency o New mandate for change o Late nineteenth early twentieth century o Make agreement that if the voters vote for that party, they should be allowed to endorse their mandate Have to become more unified to exercise their mandate - The parties begin to limit the quantity of debate in the HOC o Structure debates so that the party knows where a piece of legislation is at any moment Early 1900s o Further tightens the party - What government is asked to do for the people really begins to increase exponentially during and after the first world war o Means that the parties have to be ever more unified to accomplish it Typical British election: Single member district plurality system - Fosters a two party system where the candidate that receives a plurality of the vote - There are no primaries o No separate election for the PM - The date is set by the PM o Go to the queen and asks to call an election o In 40 or 60 days general election for the HOC - Have to be called at least once every five years o PM can call an election any time within those five years - Very strict laws governing the raising of money o All the major parties get free air time on the British broadcasting station A lot of public sponsoring - Shorter, cheaper and simpler compared to American elections Introduction and Passage of Legislation - The Three Readings Approach o Legislation comes from Two basic sources Government (party) in power o Manifesto o Promise made during the campaign o Major source of legislation High level Civil Servants (people in Bureaucracy, White Hall) o Say to the government, we need to change this or we need more power in this ministry o Very often tell and convince the government in power what to do o Yield extraordinary power in GB o Have tremendous say in government o Civil Servants get together with senior servants of government and start brainstorming start doing rough drafts brainstorming and drafting can take a couple weeks, months, or years depending on its complexity once you near the final draft of a piece of legislation show to PM and cabinet o introduced to the HOC for its first reading explain and introduce bill present to everyone in the country and the HOC as a whole if government has a majority in the HOC, will become a law seeing a final product o amendments occur infrequently and often an embarrassment to the government o introduced in second reading bill reintroduced to the HOC debating time begins opposition gets to have its say government determines how long debating time lasts get the most vigorous debate o sometimes after the second reading, the government will send the bill to committee for further study committees created at whatever time to discuss a bill reflect constitution of the HOC o must reflect the composition of the HOC the party in power o introduced in third reading reintroduced to HOC one final time opposition gets to state one last time why it is terrible government gets to say why it will be effective vote is taken issue is basically settled o House of Lords debates Can show some problems All they can do is delay passage o The Queen signs and then it’s an official law Northern Ireland: - England began invasions of Ireland around 1170 - Britain did not conquer until 1603 - Formally incorporated unto GB in 1800 to form the United Kingdom - The big question: home rule o How much autonomy if any should Ireland have? o In 1922, Ireland became independent again Except for the provinces of Ulster They did NOT want to be part of an independent Ireland Wanted to stay with the United Kingdom Ireland is a Catholic country; Northern Ireland was primarily Protestant had no desire to unite Northern Ireland remains under British control; part of the United Kingdom o About 1/3 of the people in Northern Ireland were Catholic Discriminated against Catholics 1920s on regulated to the status of second class citizens 1960s and 1970s, Catholics had enough Protests occur o Civil rights movement in US sparked Catholics In 1972, GB suspends government in Northern Ireland and sends in British troops to occupy and restore law and order o Did NOT stop violence and blood shed Things remain through 1990s In 1998 began to have some reconciliation with the Good Friday Accords Brokered by Senator George Mitchell Creates a peace agreement that hopefully will allow the Catholics and Protestants to govern themselves under British authority and the British troops can leave Put to vote in Northern Ireland and Ireland and passed with overwhelming majority Said to all the terrorist groups and militias: time to lay down arms and if that happens British troops will redraw and govern yourself like you did before There is still a great resistance to the Good Friday Accords from large segments of Protestants Reason: if you just look at demographics in Northern Ireland, they will become the minority because the birth rates of Catholics is higher
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