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Origins of Islam

by: Kassie Henry

Origins of Islam RELG 102

Kassie Henry
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About this Document

These notes cover some general information on Islam and the origins of Islam covered on the first lecture in this unit on Islam.
Intro to World Religions
Aaron Gale
Class Notes
islam, religions, intro, Origins, Muhammad, Quran




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kassie Henry on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELG 102 at West Virginia University taught by Aaron Gale in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to World Religions in Religious Studies at West Virginia University.

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Date Created: 10/09/16
 General Information on Islam  o The last, or 3 , “faith of Abraham” nd o Islam is the 2  largest religion in the world with about 1.5 billion followers  o Islam is the name of the religion o A Muslim is someone who practices Islam  Many misunderstand this about the religion  o About 3 milndon Muslims in the US  2  most popular religion in the US o Growing rapidly throughout the world   Growing among many different populations (Africa, Europe, Women,  Prisoners) o The Nation of Islam is not the same thing as Islam  o The vast majority of Muslims are NOT Arabic  o The most Muslim populated country is Indonesia   Not just a middle eastern religion o Islam is a worldwide religion and not all Muslims look the same    Different cultures practice differently o The word Islam means submission or surrender  As in submission to Allah or God o Arabic is the primary language of this religion  Cousin language to Hebrew  o Islam represents the correction or completion of other or previous monotheistic  faith   Final addition   Some ideas in the Quran that are similar to ideas on the Bible and some  ideas in the Quran aren’t in the Bible  They say that somewhere the ideas in the Quran were lost from the Bible o God gives each human a fixed time on earth to do what is right (free will)  They believe in one god only and that was God  Didn’t believe in the trinity   However, Jesus does have a role in Islam   One’s deeds are then judged in the after like by Allah (ONLY him)  Origins of Islam  o Where did Islam come from   Islam is linked strongly to its early history   Islam formed and spread very quickly  o At the core of Islam is “the messenger (Muhammad) and the message (Quran)” o Where did Islam begin  You could make the case that either of these are true  According to Muslims it was always there, because the Quran was  infinitely with Allah   Abraham­ Ishmael  o They built the Ka’ba  We think in begin in   Muhammad’s migration to Medina in CE 622  o This is when the historical Islamic calendar starts which is  why we believe this is when Islam begins o History of Arabia   Islam is born here   Holy Cities   Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem  o Before Muhamad = the “time of barbarism”  Ancient Arabia was a polytheistic religion at this time (before Muhamad)  Tribal Polytheism   Many gods including Allah and Manat  Tribal polytheism is very present oriented  No afterlife  Focused on survival  o Muhammad is one of the 5 prophets of power    Abraham  Moses  Noah  Jesus  Muhammad o Muhammad was a prophet like Moses  Moses is mentioned more in the Quran   Similarities between Moses and Muhammad   Teachers  Struggles preaching the truth   Yet, Muhammad is not divine like Jesus; he lived from 570­632 CE  Moses is the same, he lived and died  o Friday is a day of community and prayer/worship, but not technically a Sabbath  day   Very community centered religion  o Did Muhammad “start” Islam?  No, he was a “religious reformer” o Muhammad was “the seal of the prophets”  Calling people back to the “true divine revelation”  Reforming an existing revelation that had been lost  Other prophets had come before him and he is the last prophet o Little is known of Muhammad’s early life   Born in Mecca   His name means “like the praised one”  Parents died when he was young   Divine revelation occurs at the age of 40   Commanded by a man (later realizes it was the angle of Gabriel) to “iqra” or “recite” and then “recite in the name of Allah” o This is his first divine revelation  o He runs home scared to his wife o His wife eventually tells him to not be scared   This is when Muhammad realizes the man was  Gabriel o He accepts Gabriel’s orders   He has a difficult time preaching his message  Not successful at 1    Thinks for 3 years before he begins preaching the  message  o Muhammad’s message  “La illaha illa Allah”  There is no god but God o Muhammad receives revelation for the next 22 years 


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