Western Civ 242
Western Civ 242 HIST 242
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adra Anderson on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 242 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Allison Phillips in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see /class/229816/hist-242-university-of-tennessee-knoxville in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
Western Civilizations 2 The Renaissance Focus Questions: 1) What was the Renaissance? How did it evolve over History? 2) How did the Renaissance change European ideas about religion (Christianity) and Politics? Renaissance: Rebirth of European Culture based on the rediscovery of Greek and Roman Philosophy. o Lasted approx. 300 Hundred years o Generally an upper class movement Used Latin and Greek “Elitist Movement” Response to the 1300’s chaos and destruction o Renaissance thinkers has most animosity toward the church o Christianity was criticized as an institution of the church o The “Dark Ages” were considered the Medieval Period o Scholastisicm: Gain greater truth/knowledge of Christianity Renaissance thinkers were highly against this system of beliefs o Humanism: Renaissance thinker’s mode of education. Learn of human matters – not just spiritual matters Emphasizes rationality Argues that humans are inherently good Want to understand mankind’s place in the world. Defies the Great Chain of Being The “Renaissance Man” o Studies everything o Questions everything o E.g. Leonardo Di Vinci, Galileo The Renaissance began in Italy in the city states, Florence, Venice, because the city states provided as a trading center for culture, money and ideas Religious Humanism o Concerned with teachings of Greek/Roman Philosophy o Corrupt institution o They do not advocate for a secular pursuit of knowledge o Apply Renaissance Ideals to the Church “Purify the Church” o Desiderius Erasmus*** Important religious humanist Bastard son of a catholic priest Possibly fell in love with a fellow monk More progressive and open minded that his contemporaries Argues that Christianity should be a guide book for everyday life Internal pity over external riches – Similar to Martin Luther Johan Guttenburg o German blacksmith o Invented the “movable type” in approx.. 1450 o Makes publishing faster and cheaper o Bible first mass produced book Printed in the vernacular (common languages) for the common people Threatening to the church and the Great Chain of Being o Allows to spread new ideas founded in the Renaissance o Increases literacy rates o Allows for new ideas about power, politics, and state Machiavelli’s “The Prince” (1532) o Born in 1469 during a chaotic time Italy is constantly being invaded and a total lack of power to control o He is a product of this chaos o The Prince: Politic should be about practicality. The end justifies a means. Morality has no place in politics
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