Week 6 Chapter 5
Week 6 Chapter 5 SOC 1300 - DORSEY
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SOC 1300 - DORSEY
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Briana Johnson on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1300 - DORSEY at University of Houston taught by Patricia Dorsey in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see SOC 1300 in Sociology at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
Yellow highlight – class title and week notes information Blue highlight – titles and subheadings Green highlight – definitions or important terms/information Introduction to Sociology (SOC 13887) FA 2016: Patricia Dorsey WEEK 6 NOTES Chapter 5: Culture, Media, and Communication (Notes from Book and Lecture) What Is Culture? Culture Foundation Set of values, beliefs, and practices System of meaning and symbols Form of communication Things we aspire to, commitments that we have to principles Functional Structuralism o System, jobs, part Culture is a characteristic not of individuals but of groups Culture is a way of understanding differences between groups and similarities within the groups Culture is an aspect of social life that is different from nature and biology Symbolic Interactionism o Shared, transmitted meaning Social conflict o Hierarches, advantages, disadvantages, who benefits by what belief Culture is a way of understanding differences and similarities Is not natural; you are not born with it Social phenomenon played out through interactions with others. Social structure from actions within life Culture is also a shared system of beliefs and knowledge, meaning, learned set of tools Tool belt for actions, what we do Every culture is full of symbols that communicate an idea while being distinct from the idea itself Taken together a group of symbols is considered a culture Clifford Geertz o Anthropologist and ethnographer o Studied cockfights like a literature student would study a novel o The cockfights allowed the Balinese to collectively interpret their social hierarches Nowadays YouTube and other technologies display our new collective symbols by allowing us to share and interpret culture together Culture Provides Us With Implicit instructions Moral imperative Yellow highlight – class title and week notes information Blue highlight – titles and subheadings Green highlight – definitions or important terms/information “culture within” we get so familiar with culture it becomes apart or installed in us Functionalism: Material Culture Natural and human – created objects Attach meaning Artifacts Technology Symbols Anything that carries a particular meaning Language: Culture of Communication Universal, fundamental to thought process Shared past, future, cumulative, good directed Influences culture but does not completely determine us Cultural universe – a cultural trait a common to all humans Some linguist have argued that language is the fundamental building block of thought Just because people share the same language doesn’t mean they share the same culture Mass communication – communication that happens at large with society Manuel Castells o Social Theorist o Argues that that we are participating in a new form of internet communication that he calls mass self-communication Digital Divide – the divide between people who have effective access to information technology and those who do not Values and Beliefs Values – culturally defined standards Comparisons Contradictory (double standard) Commitments and choices Change (Ex: gay marriage) Beliefs – Specific things we hold to be true Broad guidelines Conflict Norms – William Sumner, 19061956 Shared assumptions about how we do life Rules and expectations Yellow highlight – class title and week notes information Blue highlight – titles and subheadings Green highlight – definitions or important terms/information o Mores – great moral significance (cheating, laws) o Folkways – routine or casual interaction (right, rude) Culture as Practice: Habits and Tool Kits Pierre Bourdieu Habits Assumptions about world Kinds of habits depend upon upbringing, norms, roles Taste, opinions, preferences, future choices Tool kits – skills, devices Definition of situation (Goffman) Good taste – reflection of ruling class (Bourdieu) Culture influences the kinds of decisions we make in our lives whether or not we’re aware of them Some sociologist see culture as guiding our behaviors by establishing goals for us Culture doesn’t just establish differences in how we interpret the world and give it meaning but rather influence what kinds of strategies and actions are partially available on us How Does Culture Shape our Collective Identity? Group Style – practices & norms, clothing, hair, attitudes, language Mainstream Culture – Wide spread beliefs, national cultures Sub-Cultures – Practices distinguish but fall under mainstream, interest and activities Counterculture – Stand apart, direct conflict with mainstream, street gang, compound, intense religious sec Because we belong to so many groups, we learn the right style for the right occasion Hegemonic or Multicultural Hegemony – Elites gain power or legitimacy from widely spread beliefs Gramsci – Dominant classes maintain status by encouraging values favorable to them How do our Cultural Practices Relate to Class and Structure? Socio-economic status Morality Taste preference Geographical location Spatial Boundaries Fallen Gentry Social Gentry Social Cumber Yellow highlight – class title and week notes information Blue highlight – titles and subheadings Green highlight – definitions or important terms/information Working Shift Social Critic Who Produces Culture and Why Karl Marx and Friedrien Engels (1845,1972) o Those with most power and wealth o Greatest ability o Produce distribute o Conditions of cultural production Public Sphere – Equal public discussion and participation o Ideal: doesn’t include business leaders its one on one o Conditions: Social location, players, agenda setters o Habermas: Social groups organize to become political actors and influence o Fraser: Alternative public Spheres or counter publics What is Popular Culture? “working class mentality” “what the masses are drawn to or listen to” Adorno: cultural industry Perspective o People passively accept what they are given by corporate media Gans: Cultural Democracy Perspective o Cooperate media gives people what they want The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception Production – line mentality Cultural products, resigned profit Entertains, distracts from inequalities of society
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