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Western Civilization 2

by: Adra Anderson

Western Civilization 2 HIST 242

Adra Anderson
GPA 3.56

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About this Document

These Notes Cover the Reign of Napoleon
Allison Phillips
Class Notes
napoleon, TheNapoleonicCode, BattleofTrafalgar, TheRussianCampaign, TheContinentalSystem
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adra Anderson on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 242 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Allison Phillips in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see /class/229816/hist-242-university-of-tennessee-knoxville in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
Western Civilizations Week Seven Napoleon and His Empire Focus Questions: 1) How can Napoleon be described as BOTH the heir AND the undertaker of the French Revolution? 2) What accounts for the fall of Napoleon?  Napoleon (1769-?) o 100 o 100% Product of French Revolution o Capitalized on meritocracy of French Revolution o Established Jacobian Clubs (Radicals) o Defeats a French Army fighting for Monarchy o General by the age 24  Battle of Vendimiare (1795) o Napoleon outnumbered 6:1 o He defeat the royalist uprising o Royalist uprising trying to defeat the Directory o Napoleon becomes a hero and is known throughout France  Napoleon as a Hero o Conquers territory and defeats enemies o 1798 – Goes to Egypt – then Syria  The conquest does not end well and Napoleon flees to France  Conspiracy to overthrow the Directory o Napoleon installs a new French Government o Directory fades into the Consulate o Napoleon becomes First Consol  Napoleon as a Politician and General o Institution of Domestic Reforms o Temporary Peace to focus on the Homefront  Progressive/Regressive Reforms  Ample evidence to prove Napoleon as heir and undertaker  Laws: The Napoleonic Code (1804-1811) o Most significant contribution to modern state building o Progressive laws:  Preserves equality and independences  Outlaws hereditary nobility/class privilege  Everyone (including Clergy and Nobility)pays taxes  Guarantees free public education for all social classes (boys and girls)  Imposes Religious Toleration  All white men can vote (Without owning land)  Higher Education: University, Trade Schools, Military Schools o Regressive Laws:  Womens’s Rights become the Husbands control (Natural Supremacy)  Women cannot hold jobs or work outside of the household  No rights without the husband’s consent  Outlaws paternity suit for illegitimate children (protects men from taking responsibility of their “bastard children” of which Napoleon had a lot of)  Reestablishes Catholicism as head Religion  Freedom of Express and Freedom of Press is Censored  Napoleon is popular with the French People regardless of the regressive laws  Napoleon believes all people should be able to improve their life o Meritocracy/Merit  1804 – Napoleon crowns himself Emperor of France with the Blessing of the People o Zenith of power o Returns to the Battle Field  European Conquest  Rule as absolute Monarch  Massive army constructed to destroy Great Britain  Battle of Trafalgar ( Oct. 21 1805) o Horatio Nelson (1758-1805)  Naval career begins at age 12  British Navy – Greatest Navy in the World at the time  He doesn’t lose a single ship at the battle of Trafalgar  They defeated Napoleon’s Navy  He was shot by a sniper during the battle  End of Napoleon’s dream to conquer Great Britain  1810: Napoleon begins to conquer Western Europe over period of six years o Defeats land from Portugal to Russia o Only Great Britain is independent and at war with Napoleon  The Continental System: Free Trade union for Napoleon’s Empire o 2 Goals  To make his empire economically self-sustaining/prosperous  Choke off British Trade o Fails at both goals  It hurts the empire overall  Unemployment increases  Choked itself instead of Great Britain  First Serious mistake for Napoleon  Russia: Napoleon’s greatest threat  The Russian Campaign (June – Dec 1812) o (Napoleon’s air of Invincibility vanishes) o Peace Treaty – Russia agrees to adopt the Continental System’s economic’s  Russia heavily relies on trade with Great Britain which is illegal under the Continental System  Russia continues to trade with Great Britain o Napoleon invades Russia as a result of breaking the peace treaty  The Russian army is smaller than Napoleon’s, however, they constantly retreat into Russia, burning everything in their path that could be useful to Napoleon’s army  The Russians wait for “General Winter” to force Napoleon back  5/6ths of Napoleons army died in Russia due to starvation, disease, fatigue, and the harsh winter (aka General Winter) o This is the first time Napoleon had to accept personal defeat  The Anti-Napoleon Campaign (Anti-French) o 1814: Napoleon is barricaded in Paris and is forced to resign as Emperor o He is exiled o He escapes from exile within a year, returns to France and raises an army to take back his thrown and reclaim France o His plan is foiled and he is once again exiled to the island of St. Helena where he dies.


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