Week 5 History of Interiors
Week 5 History of Interiors 333
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This 23 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylee Lynn Rowland on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 333 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Dr. James Bryan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see History of Interiors in ARTH - Art History at University of Wisconsin - Stout.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
1 French Renaissance - French wasn’t apart of roman empire as long as Italians - Italians were stronger influenced - Everyone in Europe fallowed Italian trends - Canons were invented so might as well put windows since they can blow holes through your house anyways - Symmetry in their castles - built homes to look like castles - not as strict as Italians in symmetry - sort of symmetric - towers in the elite homes - Sense of proportions wasn’t as absorbed as Italians Room - More about details than proportions - long tunnel like room - monumental corridor - to long and narrow to look balanced according to ancient roman style – better understood by 45 Italians - High renaissance style is running out - perfectly balanced can become dull and predictable Mannerism - emphasis on novelty, innovation, interesting, distinctive, extreme, attention captioning - more about artists creativity - Madonna of the long neck ?? - designers have Italian names – brought in the Italian talent - by French king - wood floor, wood walls, wood ceilings (All decorative) - space for murals on top half walls (Masonry) - Difference between French and Italian… Italians built out of masonry not much wood 45 Bureau a Deux Corps - Top half is not attached to bottom half - for if you have to move it - Large impressive and monumental - Again made out of wood – Walnut with decor marble set in - built with classical columns - didn’t have many ancient temples to study - mannerism set in - columns are thinner and taller – not accurate - reference to ancients 46 Caquetoires - One on left columns from roman arch - the ones on the top arm rests are closer to real deal - Arch on back – army marched thru - perspective is stretched - mannerism exaggeration - chatting chair, visiting and having conversation - brought out only for company and talking - put back in corner after they left - back of seat is narrower to fit better in the corner - made room octagon - typical for Europe that points back to middle ages – Fine homes of elite had one big room that you did everything in and needed furniture that didn’t take up space or could be taken down 47 - 47 English - Renaissance - still living with household not just family - big noble mansion homes - sort of have a grasp of symmetry - perimeter of house is symmetric - Proportions were not balanced and harmonious like ancient romans The Staircase - good Tucson order column (archeological accurate) - nothing else is - no fat spindles on railings - strap work – pattern based on idea of elaborate belts and straps (Elaborate knot patterns) – corbels, staircase and flat columns - filling pattern that romans didn’t have - complexity - could resemble Viking intertwining patterns 48 Nonesuch Chest -Proper set of proportions and decorative styles from ancient romans architecture - Chest idea is medievalism with renaissance update - based of nonesuch palace - burnt down 49 - Two front columns open structure with arch on each front holding up massive structure looks unbalanced from ancient knowledge - English don’t know better, barley any roman architecture in England - not archeological precision - big bed to bring in customers at the hotel - mentioned in Shakespeare play - headboard is different color - wood mosaic - brightly painted (pops of color) - contrasted when new- different grains and woods - really eye popping - faded over time from sun and wood polish - stripped and refinishing happened 50 American – Mannerist – mid to late 1600’s - colonies were British people who moved over seas - think of themselves as transplanted British people - 1700’s import export policies had to go thru Britain - wanted their taxes - American style looked British at this time - no one in America was really rich till industrial rev - rich was comfortable and well off according to British riches - America was pretty much farm country - upper class was middle class in England - furniture makers in small towns set the style because they didn’t want to change how they do things and they usually were the only one in the town LOCALISM Mannerism – Not the only busy style there was but a big part of it is being very detailed and ornate Hanna Barnard Cupboard - paint is faded but can tell it was very contrasty 51 - mannerist detail and contrast - has the name of original owner - in this time you begin to see names and initials on furniture - of owners not makers - showed importance in community - 200 years before you wouldn’t need names - people are moving now to new world - cant take it for granted that people will know who you are anymore - woman's name… - didn’t own real estate unless widowed (Father to son) - owned a lot of furniture and passed from mother to daughters 51 Wainscot Great Chair - Wainscoting is term for paneling - frame around a inset panel on back of chair - covered in strap work on edges - floral motif in center on inset - strait upright with deep carvings – not comfortable - people at this time did not except to be comfortable - life is not comfortable and inconvenienced a lot - physical ease wasn’t In their views - invested more in rank and hierarchy - people treated according to status - what they owned - whoever owned chair wanted to look impressive - fancy - grandest seat in the home – reserved for head of household - if higher ranked person showed up to your house they would sit in chair - Still have the household rather than nuclear family 52 53 ARTH 333 Slides for Memorization History of Interiors and Furnishings FrencLo-Bsroqueaelc.ahen, Paris French - Baroquen King’s Bedroom, Palace of V ersailles Armchair French - Baroque FrencA-ndréoqharTestoielehell EngliIn-goJoneshitquelngaace,Le,ndon Daniel Marot English - Baroque Design for a State Bedroom 1690’s EngliChabiaroqueStand 1695-1700 American - Caned Chairs English Portsmouth, New Hampshire Chamber, John Wentworth House