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PSYC 2010: Chapter 7

by: Ashleigh McClure

PSYC 2010: Chapter 7 PYSC 2010 - 006 (Psychology, Lucia Lazarowski, Intro to Psychology)

Ashleigh McClure

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About this Document

PSYC 2010 Chapter 7: Memory Exam 2 Concepts: -Short-term memory -Long-term memory
Intro to Psychology
Lucia Lazarowski
Class Notes
#psych2010, #psychology2010, @lazarowski, #lucialazarowski, #auburn, #AU, #auburnuniversity, #psych
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PYSC 2010 - 006 (Psychology, Lucia Lazarowski, Intro to Psychology) at Auburn University taught by Lucia Lazarowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at Auburn University.

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Date Created: 10/09/16
Chapter 7: Memory 9/21/16 1:58 PM "HM" • Guy cracked his skull in an accident and doctors took out part of his hippocampus • He never had any more seizures, but couldn't retain new memories Memory • Ability to retain and retrieve skills and knowledge ○ Multiple phases • Measurement ○ Capacity § How much? ○ Duration § How long • Computer Model ○ 3 Stages § Encoding □ Input ® Keyboard § Storage □ Retention ® Hard drive § Retrieval □ Remembering ® Pulling up file Systems vary in storage duration and capacity ○ • Sensory Memory ○ Fleeting information from the senses § Iconic: visual ("double-take") § Echoic: auditory ("what? oh -") ○ Capacity § Large (unlimited) ○ Duration § Very brief, fades quickly • Short Term Memory ○ Through attention Info held for brief periods of time while being used ○ ○ Capacity § Limited § Magic number 7, +- 2 □ Digit-span test ○ Duration § 20-30 seconds ○ Chunking § When info exceeds our capacity, we chunk to help store • Long-Term Memory ○ Relatively permanent stored information § Capacity □ Nearly unlimited § Duration □ Permanent • Level of processing The more deeply something is encoded, the better it is remembered ○ § Elaboration (vs. shallow, maintenance rehearsal) □ Making it meaningful, linking to other things ○ Flow Of Information § Sensory Memory- > Short-Term Memory via attention -> Long-Term Memory via effortful encoding ○ Automatic Encoding § Certain information enters LTM with little to no effort □ Example ® 867-5309 song ® Day to day life ® "Mama always said, life was like a ___" ○ Flashbulb Memories § Vivid and detailed related to an emotional event § No more accurate than ordinary events Long-Term Memory • Example ○ What you did last weekend ○ State capitals ○ How to ride a bike • Differ in how they were learned, stored and retrieved • Implicit Memory ○ Unconscious memories ○ Procedural memory § Skills, habits, how to do things (motor memory) • Explicit Memory ○ Conscious, explicit memory for knowledge that can be declared § Episodic § Semantic • Retrieval ○ Involves getting memories from LTM back to working memory § Recall □ Retrieval without answer options □ Free response □ Generate answers □ Identify correct § Recognition □ Identifying answers □ Multiple choice § Retrieval Cues □ Anything that helps recall information stored in LTM ○ How do we reconstruct memories? § Memories can be primed § Retrieval cues can be □ Context ® Context dependent memory □ Mood or physiological state ® State dependent memory ○ Serial Position Effect ○ Mnemonics § Strategies to improve recall using retrieval cues Method of Ioci ○ § Memory Palace □ Associating items you want to remember with a story or memory


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