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Lecture 10/5 & 10/7 Notes

by: Samantha Ashton

Lecture 10/5 & 10/7 Notes GEOG 100

Samantha Ashton
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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About this Document

Notes on cultural geography, ethnic groups, race and religion
Elements of Geography
Ginger Schmid
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Ashton on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 100 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Ginger Schmid in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 123 views.

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Date Created: 10/09/16
Cultural Geography, 10-5-16 & 10-7-16 Ethnic Islands  Little pockets of ethnic groups o Ex.- MN/WI border Folk Culture Areas: cultural groups  Some blending from former nationalities  Some more unique to North America Regional Ethnic Groups  Turks  Persians  Kurds  Arabs  Palestinians Ethnic Groups  Historically recognized ethnic groups and their associated geographic homeland regions o Persians: Iran o Arabs: Nomads  Dominated Arabian peninsula and Egypt  Palestinians: subset of Arabs with geographic focus in eastern Mediterranean o Turks: not European, not Arab, not Asian, not eastern European/Slavic: I.e Turkish o Kurds: mountainous region in Iran. Iraq and Turkey (small portions of Syria); Kurdish state part of original WWI 1919 Versailles negotiations, but not part of final treaty  Turkey's treatment of Kurds is a major issue with Turkeys entrance into the EU  Kurds: o Language: Kurdish  3 main dialects: Northern Kurmanji, Central Sorani and Southern Pehlewani o Religions: Sunni Muslim, Judaism, Christianity, Yazidi, etc. o Regional resources: oil and water Race  Term often used to separate groups of people due to biological differences in their ancestry  Scientific evidence shows that such biological difference do not exist. Genetic research has shown that all modern people have descended from a very small population o The human genome assembly shows that all people are genetically the same  Difference in skin color is because of the sun o People in Africa have a darker skin color so that they don’t get vitamin D poisoning Religion  Start as cultural innovations  Act as shared cultural traits  Religious beliefs are interwoven into a cultural imprint  Differ from the cultural imprint of languages  Classification of religion by Deities o Monotheism: single deity/one god o Polytheism: multiple deities  Classification by diffusion o Universalizing  Make one religion the one everyone in the population follows  Accepts all committed believers  Anyone who believes can belong  Transfer beliefs to others  Seek to convert non-believers o Wider geographic distribution  Ex: Christianity, Islam and Buddhism o Ethnic  Strong ethnic ties and cultural identity  Membership through birth/lifestyle  Must "live" faith and culture to be a member  Ex: Judaism, Indian Hinduism, Amish and Mennonite o Traditional (tribal)  Widely varied and difficult to generalize  Small number of followers  Often a oral language, not written  Often has close ties to nature  Ex: Animism and Shamanism


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