Lecture 10/5 & 10/7 Notes
Lecture 10/5 & 10/7 Notes GEOG 100
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Ashton on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 100 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Ginger Schmid in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 123 views.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
Cultural Geography, 10-5-16 & 10-7-16 Ethnic Islands Little pockets of ethnic groups o Ex.- MN/WI border Folk Culture Areas: cultural groups Some blending from former nationalities Some more unique to North America Regional Ethnic Groups Turks Persians Kurds Arabs Palestinians Ethnic Groups Historically recognized ethnic groups and their associated geographic homeland regions o Persians: Iran o Arabs: Nomads Dominated Arabian peninsula and Egypt Palestinians: subset of Arabs with geographic focus in eastern Mediterranean o Turks: not European, not Arab, not Asian, not eastern European/Slavic: I.e Turkish o Kurds: mountainous region in Iran. Iraq and Turkey (small portions of Syria); Kurdish state part of original WWI 1919 Versailles negotiations, but not part of final treaty Turkey's treatment of Kurds is a major issue with Turkeys entrance into the EU Kurds: o Language: Kurdish 3 main dialects: Northern Kurmanji, Central Sorani and Southern Pehlewani o Religions: Sunni Muslim, Judaism, Christianity, Yazidi, etc. o Regional resources: oil and water Race Term often used to separate groups of people due to biological differences in their ancestry Scientific evidence shows that such biological difference do not exist. Genetic research has shown that all modern people have descended from a very small population o The human genome assembly shows that all people are genetically the same Difference in skin color is because of the sun o People in Africa have a darker skin color so that they don’t get vitamin D poisoning Religion Start as cultural innovations Act as shared cultural traits Religious beliefs are interwoven into a cultural imprint Differ from the cultural imprint of languages Classification of religion by Deities o Monotheism: single deity/one god o Polytheism: multiple deities Classification by diffusion o Universalizing Make one religion the one everyone in the population follows Accepts all committed believers Anyone who believes can belong Transfer beliefs to others Seek to convert non-believers o Wider geographic distribution Ex: Christianity, Islam and Buddhism o Ethnic Strong ethnic ties and cultural identity Membership through birth/lifestyle Must "live" faith and culture to be a member Ex: Judaism, Indian Hinduism, Amish and Mennonite o Traditional (tribal) Widely varied and difficult to generalize Small number of followers Often a oral language, not written Often has close ties to nature Ex: Animism and Shamanism
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