Articles of Confederation and Writing a Constitution
Articles of Confederation and Writing a Constitution HIST 1311-010
Popular in US history to 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
Articles of Confederation Concepts Context Impact Articles of Confederation Purposefully weak to Weak economy Congress avoid tyrannical British- Weak army Established first style rule Statehood process central government 1 state vote legislature No executive/judiciary branch No federal income tax Worsened by Britain Weak power Donations from taxing/stealing American state tariffs goods No peacetime army until 1947 Differing economic systems Isolated weak currency N/S dichotomy Land Ordinance 1785 Land disputes in Ohio Congress has power to Headright system after Treaty of Paris administer territory Northwest Ordinance Small states vs large Established statehood 1787 states process Northwest territory Old states vs theoretical 60,000 residents new states split into 5 states Constitution Bans slavery Petition Equal prestige for new and old colonies Annapolis Convention 5 states After Shay’s rebellion, Failed attempt by meet as Constitutional Alexander Convention to change government Hamilton to reform government Shays’ Rebellion Daniel Shays led Key in creation of Tax revolt attacking farmers stronger government state courts No army Army Reduces democratic liberty o Threat to private property Taxes o Pay bond holders Writing a Constitution Concepts Context Impact Constitutional Convention of Failed Articles of Rewrote 1787 Confederation allowed Articles of Debate over: Shays’ rebellion Confederatio State representation n to have o Slavery population stronger representation national government Alexander Hamilton Federalist leader Wrote Federalist Early advocate for Papers reformed government Thomas Jefferson Anti-Federalist leader Wrote Declaration of Independence James Madison Follower of Thomas Wrote Constitution Jefferson New Jersey Plan Favored by North Led to Great Compromise Equal representation No slave vote Virginia Plan Favored by South Led to Great Population representation Compromise Slave vote Great Compromise State representation Established Benjamin Franklin argument Bicameral Legislature Roger Sherman o Created Three-Fifths Compromise Slavery population In Constitution to Slave=3/5 person representation present Property Slave Trade compromise No discussion of slavery for 20 years Federalists Anti-Federalists Pro- Alexander Hamilton need to be Constitution James Madison convinced that The John Jay strong government Federalist won’t rob liberty Papers Foundation for future political parties Anti-federalists Argued Bill of Rights Constitution lacked Foundation for basic statement of future political rights parties Constitution Fears lower class System of Protects tyranny by government, people will vote government Checks and Balances themselves power to present Separation of Powers o Slaves Margin of o Executive o Poor victory in Women irrational o Legislative Electoral Senate College House of inaccurately Representati represents ves margin in o Judicial popular vote Republic (Rich White Adult Men) o Vote Tilden v. Hayes Bush v. Gore o