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Articles of Confederation and Writing a Constitution

by: Elizabeth Fortanely

Articles of Confederation and Writing a Constitution HIST 1311-010

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > History > HIST 1311-010 > Articles of Confederation and Writing a Constitution
Elizabeth Fortanely
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Week 6
US history to 1865
Prof. Stephanie Cole
Class Notes
Articles, Of, confederation, constitution
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
Articles of Confederation Concepts Context Impact Articles of Confederation Purposefully weak to Weak economy Congress avoid tyrannical British- Weak army  Established first style rule  Statehood process central government  1 state vote legislature  No executive/judiciary branch No federal income tax Worsened by Britain Weak power  Donations from taxing/stealing American state tariffs goods  No peacetime army until 1947 Differing economic systems  Isolated weak currency  N/S dichotomy Land Ordinance 1785 Land disputes in Ohio Congress has power to  Headright system after Treaty of Paris administer territory Northwest Ordinance Small states vs large Established statehood 1787 states process  Northwest territory Old states vs theoretical  60,000 residents new states split into 5 states  Constitution  Bans slavery  Petition Equal prestige for new and old colonies Annapolis Convention 5 states After Shay’s rebellion,  Failed attempt by meet as Constitutional Alexander Convention to change government Hamilton to reform government Shays’ Rebellion  Daniel Shays led Key in creation of  Tax revolt attacking farmers stronger government state courts  No army  Army  Reduces democratic liberty o Threat to private property  Taxes o Pay bond holders Writing a Constitution Concepts Context Impact Constitutional Convention of Failed Articles of  Rewrote 1787 Confederation allowed Articles of Debate over: Shays’ rebellion Confederatio State representation n to have o Slavery population stronger representation national government Alexander Hamilton Federalist leader Wrote Federalist Early advocate for Papers reformed government Thomas Jefferson Anti-Federalist leader Wrote Declaration of Independence James Madison Follower of Thomas Wrote Constitution Jefferson New Jersey Plan Favored by North Led to Great Compromise  Equal representation  No slave vote Virginia Plan Favored by South Led to Great  Population representation Compromise  Slave vote Great Compromise State representation Established  Benjamin Franklin argument Bicameral Legislature  Roger Sherman o Created Three-Fifths Compromise  Slavery population In Constitution to  Slave=3/5 person representation present  Property Slave Trade compromise No discussion of slavery for 20 years Federalists  Anti-Federalists  Pro-  Alexander Hamilton need to be Constitution  James Madison convinced that  The  John Jay strong government Federalist won’t rob liberty Papers  Foundation for future political parties Anti-federalists  Argued  Bill of Rights Constitution lacked Foundation for basic statement of future political rights parties Constitution Fears lower class  System of Protects tyranny by government, people will vote government Checks and Balances themselves power to present Separation of Powers o Slaves  Margin of o Executive o Poor victory in  Women irrational o Legislative Electoral  Senate College  House of inaccurately Representati represents ves margin in o Judicial popular vote Republic (Rich White Adult Men) o Vote  Tilden v. Hayes  Bush v. Gore o


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