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The Federalist Period and Rise of American Slavery

by: Elizabeth Fortanely

The Federalist Period and Rise of American Slavery HIST 1311-010

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > History > HIST 1311-010 > The Federalist Period and Rise of American Slavery
Elizabeth Fortanely
GPA 4.0

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Week 7
US history to 1865
Prof. Stephanie Cole
Class Notes
us, history
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
The Federalist Period Concepts Context Impact st George Washington  1 president  2-term presidency  Cabinet  Aftermath of  Avoided excessive o Alexander Constitution power Hamilton o Legitimacy  Avoided Entangling (Finances) o Federal/state Alliances o Thomas power Jefferson o Internal o Henry Knox conflicts (Military) o John Adams Judiciary Act of 1789  James Madison Supreme Courts o Federalist deciphers Constitution Papers Alexander Hamilton Massive war debt Strict Construction Domestic affairs under Necessary and Proper  None of the Loose Construction Clause policies were in  Establish credit-  “The Congress Constitution worthiness shall have Power…  Expected o Report on To make all Laws government to be Public Credit which shall be limited by the text  Debt necessary and of the Constitution is proper for carrying Bargain with Hamilton major into Execution the  Didn’t want to pay proble foregoing Powers, for Northern war m and all other debt o US Powers vested by  US Capital in south government this Constitution in Whiskey Rebellion assumes the Government of state debt the United States,  Hurts Southern farmers  Create a national or in any  Put down by debt Department or military o Funding and Officer thereof.” Assumption -US Constitution o Bonds (Article 1, Section o Rich people 8, Clause 18) stake in nation’s success  Whiskey tax  Create a Bank of the United States French Revolution Creation of parties French  Genet o Hires American ships to attack British British  Impressment of Americans  Battle of Fallen Timbers o British supplied Indian rebellion Federalists  Alexander  Strong central Hamilton government o Federalist  Manufacturing Papers o Protect  John Adams creditors  Supports Britain  Loose Construction  Practical Anti-federalists  Thomas Jefferson (Democratic- o Declaration Republicans) of  Weak central Independenc government e  States protect  James Madison rights  Supports France  Agrarian  Strict Construction  Idealistic John Jay Author of Federalist Avoids war with Britain Jay Treaty Papers  Improved relations between Britain and US Washington’s call for French Revolution Warned against baneful unity effects of party John Adams nd  2 president  Overreacted to Election of 1796  Federalist problems with  Vice President was France Thomas Jefferson  Wanted o Anti- commercial federalist relations with Britain XYZ Affairs 3 French emissaries  Created US attempted to extort bribe hysteria against from US France Alien and Sedation Acts  Taking advantage Virginia and Kentucky  Lengthens period of US hysteria Resolutions to be citizen  Aimed at French  Violated American  Criminalizes hate liberties speech about  Compact Theory government and Nullification o States protect people Revolution of 1800 Last day for Adam to Federalists dominate appoint judges judicial branch after  Judiciary Act of 1801 Adam’s presidency  Midnight Judges The Rise of American Slavery Concepts Context Impact American Slavery  Central Africa  Origins of racial o Indentured slaves o Nearby divide wouldn’t voluntarily o Existing  Chattel slavery work in fields, no system of educational gain slavery Positive Good  Greecian/Roman Used as justification for  John C. Calhoun slavery slavery being a positive  Biblical passages good  Natural order Grecian/Roman Chattel  Frowned upon in Aspired to make slavery Slavery England chattel slavery instead of o Serfs coerced labor o Treated well No racial divisions Biblical Passages  Inequality in  Natural order  God creation of  Slaves  Living universe “benefitted” from o People slavery  Econo mic  Religio us o Animals o Plants Nonliving Southern Plantation  Planters  Poor whites Culture o Wealthy extremely racist to  Planter Class o “Yeoman” uphold legal/social farmers status  Slaves  Slaves are measure of wealth


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