The Federalist Period and Rise of American Slavery
The Federalist Period and Rise of American Slavery HIST 1311-010
Popular in US history to 1865
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
The Federalist Period Concepts Context Impact st George Washington 1 president 2-term presidency Cabinet Aftermath of Avoided excessive o Alexander Constitution power Hamilton o Legitimacy Avoided Entangling (Finances) o Federal/state Alliances o Thomas power Jefferson o Internal o Henry Knox conflicts (Military) o John Adams Judiciary Act of 1789 James Madison Supreme Courts o Federalist deciphers Constitution Papers Alexander Hamilton Massive war debt Strict Construction Domestic affairs under Necessary and Proper None of the Loose Construction Clause policies were in Establish credit- “The Congress Constitution worthiness shall have Power… Expected o Report on To make all Laws government to be Public Credit which shall be limited by the text Debt necessary and of the Constitution is proper for carrying Bargain with Hamilton major into Execution the Didn’t want to pay proble foregoing Powers, for Northern war m and all other debt o US Powers vested by US Capital in south government this Constitution in Whiskey Rebellion assumes the Government of state debt the United States, Hurts Southern farmers Create a national or in any Put down by debt Department or military o Funding and Officer thereof.” Assumption -US Constitution o Bonds (Article 1, Section o Rich people 8, Clause 18) stake in nation’s success Whiskey tax Create a Bank of the United States French Revolution Creation of parties French Genet o Hires American ships to attack British British Impressment of Americans Battle of Fallen Timbers o British supplied Indian rebellion Federalists Alexander Strong central Hamilton government o Federalist Manufacturing Papers o Protect John Adams creditors Supports Britain Loose Construction Practical Anti-federalists Thomas Jefferson (Democratic- o Declaration Republicans) of Weak central Independenc government e States protect James Madison rights Supports France Agrarian Strict Construction Idealistic John Jay Author of Federalist Avoids war with Britain Jay Treaty Papers Improved relations between Britain and US Washington’s call for French Revolution Warned against baneful unity effects of party John Adams nd 2 president Overreacted to Election of 1796 Federalist problems with Vice President was France Thomas Jefferson Wanted o Anti- commercial federalist relations with Britain XYZ Affairs 3 French emissaries Created US attempted to extort bribe hysteria against from US France Alien and Sedation Acts Taking advantage Virginia and Kentucky Lengthens period of US hysteria Resolutions to be citizen Aimed at French Violated American Criminalizes hate liberties speech about Compact Theory government and Nullification o States protect people Revolution of 1800 Last day for Adam to Federalists dominate appoint judges judicial branch after Judiciary Act of 1801 Adam’s presidency Midnight Judges The Rise of American Slavery Concepts Context Impact American Slavery Central Africa Origins of racial o Indentured slaves o Nearby divide wouldn’t voluntarily o Existing Chattel slavery work in fields, no system of educational gain slavery Positive Good Greecian/Roman Used as justification for John C. Calhoun slavery slavery being a positive Biblical passages good Natural order Grecian/Roman Chattel Frowned upon in Aspired to make slavery Slavery England chattel slavery instead of o Serfs coerced labor o Treated well No racial divisions Biblical Passages Inequality in Natural order God creation of Slaves Living universe “benefitted” from o People slavery Econo mic Religio us o Animals o Plants Nonliving Southern Plantation Planters Poor whites Culture o Wealthy extremely racist to Planter Class o “Yeoman” uphold legal/social farmers status Slaves Slaves are measure of wealth
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