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Rock 'n' Roll and American Society (MMC 1702) Week 7 Notes

by: Cassandra Alamilla

Rock 'n' Roll and American Society (MMC 1702) Week 7 Notes MMC1702

Marketplace > University of Florida > Journalism and Mass Communications > MMC1702 > Rock n Roll and American Society MMC 1702 Week 7 Notes
Cassandra Alamilla

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These notes are from Week 7 of Rock 'n Roll and American Society taught by Professor Carlson in Fall 2016
Rock 'n Roll and American Society
Carlson,David E
Class Notes
Communications, masscommunications, journalism, RockandRoll
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Alamilla on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MMC1702 at University of Florida taught by Carlson,David E in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Rock 'n Roll and American Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
Rock ‘n Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 7 The Day The Music Died - February 3, 1959 - Death of Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper. They all died in a plane crash o They were part of the phenomenon of rock and roll concerts Buddy Holly - The first geeky guy in Rock and Roll - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: 1986 (First class) - Career lasted 2 years - From Lobbock, Texas - Saw Elvis in Lobbock and then the 2 ndtime Elvis performed in Lobbock, Buddy Holly opened for Elvis - Buddy Holly was signed by Deca Records in Nashville but he left because he wasn’t allowed any creative input - He formed the band The Crickets. His band was the model for all rock ‘n’ roll bands. - Buddy 1955-56 o Primitive home recording -> Lobbock, Texas  “Rip It Up” – Cover of Little Richard’s song  “Blue Suede Shoes” – Covered Carl Perkins - Buddy 1956 o In Clovis, NM, in the studio of Norman Petty  Vi Petty, Norman’s wife, played instruments in the background o Covered “Bo Diddley” (using the namesake beat) o “Brown-eyed Handsome Man” (channeling Chuck Berry) - Buddy’s classics on two different labels o Coral Records  Signed with The Crickets o Brunswick Records  Signed as a solo artist - “That’ll be the day” (1957, #1) o First hit o Made him an overnight sensation o Inspiration for the classic 1956 film, That’ll be th day - (The Beatles started out as a performing and followed the model of The Crickets. The Beatles (the name) is a tribute to The Crickets) - Buddy Holly wrote in many different styles over the years - “Peggy Sue” (1957) - “Oh Boy!” (1957) - “Maybe Baby” (1958) - “Heart Beat” (1958) - “It Doesn’t Matter Anymore” (1958) - “Words of Love” (1957) - End of 1958 – Buddy Holly and The Crickets split ways. Holly and Norman Petty split ways too because Holly thought he was being cheated - Buddy Holly spent his last months in New York and got married - Buddy’s last Recordings o “Crying, Waiting, Hoping” (1959) o “True Love Ways” (1960) o “Learning the Game” (1961) o “Dearest” (1959) o The songs were released after his death o The songs are known as The Apartment Tapes because it was recorded in his apartment - The newly formed Crickets with Waylon Jennings signs up for the Winter Dance Party - “American Pie” – Don McLean o About the Day the Music Died - Buddy Holly died at 22 in a plane crash - There is a movie about Buddy Holly and musical on Broadway called Buddy Ritchie Valens - The first Mexican rock and roll star - The “Father of Chicano rock” - Career lasted 8 months - “Rock Little Darlin’” – His demo - Ritchie only had 3 hits o “Come on, Let’s Go” (1956, #42) o “Donna” (1958, #2) o “La Bamba” (1958, #22)  Valens converted a Mexican folk song into a rock song The Big Bopper - A disc jockey - “Big Bopper’s Wedding” (Top 40, 1958) - Booper was credited with creating the music video - “Chantilly Lace” (1958, #6) - Composed #1 songs for Johnny Preston and George Jones Winter Dance Party - Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin - The tour bus had a broken heater - Clear Lake, Iowa – The Surf Ballroom o Site of the last show - The Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens joined Buddy Holly in the plane that crashed The Five Styles of Rock and Roll (Outlined by Charlie Gillet in his book The Sound of the City) Five Styles - Northern Band Rock ‘n’ Roll - New Orleans Dance Blues - Memphis Rockabilly - Chicago Rhythm and Blues - Vocal Group Rock ‘n’ Roll Northern Band Rock ‘n’ Roll - Best example: Bill Haley and His Comets and their song “Rock Around the Clock” - Gillet: Concerned mainly about togetherness - The music grew out of big band swing - Bill Haley o Born in Michigan then moved to Delaware o He started out in a country/western band o Covered R&B and Rock and Roll songs  “Rocket 88” (western swing version)  “Rudy’s Rock” (1956) – Bill Haley and His Comets (high-spirited performance)  “Shake, Rattle and Roll”  The first major international rock and roll o “Rock Around the Clock”  Haley’s first single  Came out in 1954, but became #1 in 1955  Wasn’t a big hit at first  It became famous after being featured in the movie Blackboard Jungle - The dooming teenage population of the 1950s found role models and social influences in films directed at the youth market - The Wild One (1953) o The first outlaw biker movie starring Marlin Brando o This movie increased the sales of leather jackets, blue jeans, sunglasses, and motorcycles - Rebel Without A Cause (1955) o Movie starring James Dean o The character of James Dean rebels against his parents and the society of his parents - High School Confidential (1958) o Cameo from Jerry Lee Lewis - Rock Around the Clock (1956) o Notable for appearances by Bill Haley, The Platters, and DJ Alan Freed o French movie names after Haley’s song o Haley introduced his song “See You Later Alligator” - Bill Haley’s 1957 tour brought Rock ‘n’ Roll to Europe - Rock and Roll divide parents and their children. The older generation correlated rock and roll with rebellion and juvenile delinquency New Orleans Dance Blues - Little Richard - Fats Domino - Pat Boone o Ripped of African-American artists - Pat Boone and other artists covered songs of African-American artists and released it after the original version o “Ain’t That a Shame” (Original by Fats Domino) o “Tutti Frutti: (1956, #2) –Pat Boone version - In 1997, Pat Boone released an album covering metal songs Memphis Rockabilly - This is where black and white music met - Combination of R&B and country/western - Rockabilly – the hybrid of country and blues; Elvis’ music. It emerged from Sun Records (The Rolling Stone encyclopedia of Rock and Roll) Eddie Cochran - From Minnesota - Died in a car accident near London - Started out with country music - “Twenty Flight Rock” (1957) o Cochran’s first hit o Sang it in the movie The Girl Can’t Help It o The song greatly influence John Lennon and Paul McCartney and the start of The Beatles - “C’mon Everybody” (1958) - “Cut Across Shorty” (1960) o Covered by Rod Stewart in 1970 - “Summertime Blues” (1958, #8) o Became a hit in every decade after its release (artists would cover it) Life on the Road - “The road” has a long tradition of killing performers. - A car crash outside London killed Eddie Cochran and severely injured Gene Vincent - Gene Vincent was severely injured and crippled - “Blue Jean Bop” (1956) – Gene Vincent - “Be-Bop-A-Lula” (1956) o Gene Vincent’s most famous song o Covered by John Lennon and Paul McCartney - “White Lightning” – Vincent and Cochran o Written by Big Bopper Wanda Jackson – Queen of Rockabilly - One of the first female rockabilly stars - “Let’s Have A Party” (1960, #37) - Started out as a country singer but her boyfriend talked her into Rock and Roll - “Mean Mean Man” (1961) - Wanda’s boyfriend was Elvis Presley and he convinced her to play Rock ‘n’ Roll - “Funnel of Love” Johnny Burnette and The Rock ‘n’ Roll Trio - “Train Kept-A-Rollin’” (1956) - One of the first famous Rock and Roll band Sid King and the Five Strings (country flavored Rock and Roll band) - One of the first white Rock and Roll bands to record for a major label. They recorded for Columbia Records - “Sag, Drag and Fall” (1955) The Collins Kids - Novelty act of the decade - “Hoy Hoy” - Larry and Lorrie Collins The Everly Brothers - One of the most important and popular duo in Rock ‘n’ Roll history - First class of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame - Rooted in country music - Phil and Don Everly - Their music was a link to the Appalachian tradition, which includes a lot of stringed instruments - Collaborated with Felice and Boudleaux Bryant – They wrote the songs - “Bye Bye Love” - “Wake Up, Little Susie” o Written by Felice and Boudleaux Bryant o Banned in Boston and many radio stations - “Bird Dog” o Written by Felice and Boudleaux Bryant - They released an album of traditional music, covers of songs written before they were born - “All I Have to Do is Dream” (1958, #1) - The Everly Brothers were poet laureates of love for the first generation of Rock ‘n’ Roll - “Love Hurts” o By Felice and Boudleaux Bryant o Covered by Nazareth and this version is a staple of classic rock radio - “Cathy’s Clown” (1960) o Written by Phil and Don Everly - (In 1959, the brothers cut ties with Felice and Boudleaux and they started writing their own songs) - “Crying in the Rain” (1962) o Their last big hit o Co-written with Carole King - There still is an appetite for rockabilly (ex. 1980s) Chicago Rhythm and Blues - Muddy Waters, John Lee Hooker, Howlin’ Wolf Vocal Group Rock ‘n’ Roll - Rhythm is less important to social groups - The members rarely played the instruments - The most sentimental of the 5 styles - Bridged the gap between Rock and Roll and mainstream pop - Became really popular in the late 1950s - “Doo-Wop” – term to describe this genre - Trends in this genre o Many bands had bird names for groups  “My Reverie” – The Larks (1951)  One of the first vocal Rock ‘n’ Roll hits  “Rock Me All Night Long” – The Ravens (1952, #4 Pop)  “Gee” – The Crows (1953)  “Earth Angel” – The Penguins  One of the most famous vocal Rock ‘n’ Roll songs  “I Only Have Eyes for You” – The Flamingos (1959) o Lots of one-hit wonders  “Sixty Minute Man” – The Dominoes (1951, #17 Pop)  “Goodnight Sweetheart” – The Spaniels (1954, #7)  “Come Go With Me” –The Del-Vikings (1957)  Covered by The Beach Boys  “(Who Wrote) The Book of Love” – The Monotones (1958, #5) o Follow your leader (front man)  “Crying in the Chapel” – Sonny Til and The Orioles (1953)  Sonny Til led the band for his entire career  “Tears on My Pillow” (1958)  Little Anthony and The Imperials  “Why Do Fools Fall in Love” (1956)  Frankie Lymon and The Teenagers o “The Jackson 5 of Vocal Rock ‘n’ Roll” o Few white dudes could sing (mostly African-American)  “Sh-Boom” – The Crew Cuts (1954)  “Little Darlin” – The Diamonds (1957)  “Since I Don’t Have You” – The Skyliners (1958)  “To Know Him is to Love Him” – The Teddybears o A cut above (The Holy Trinity)  The Platters  “Only You” (1955)  Most hits written by Buck Ram  “My Prayer” (1956)  “The Great Pretender” (1956)  “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes” o A 1933 classic by Jerome Kerne made into a Rock ‘n’ Roll song. Kerne’s wife didn’t like that it was covered.  The Coasters  From Los Angeles  “Searchin’” (1957)  “Young Blood” (1957)  “Yakety Yak” (1958)  “Charlie Brown” (1959) o Novelty song  The Drifters  Clyde McPhatter started the group  The greatest vocal group of the 1950s  Wrote a lot of their music but had many collaborators  “Money Honey”  “Save the Last Dance for Me” (1960) o By Ben E. King  “This Magic Moment” (1960) o By Ben E. King  “On Broadway” (1963) o By Rudy Lewis  “Under the Boardwalk” o By Johnny Moor o Covered by The Rolling Stones American Graffiti (1973) - Directed by George Lucas - The soundtrack included many original rock ‘n’ roll hits


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