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PSY 343 Notes Week 5

by: Tatum Notetaker

PSY 343 Notes Week 5 PSY 343

Marketplace > DePaul University > Psychology > PSY 343 > PSY 343 Notes Week 5
Tatum Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes go over what Prof. Seller went over in class last week, including the test development exercise and information from chapter 6
Intro to Psychological Measurement
Douglas Cellar
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatum Notetaker on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 343 at DePaul University taught by Douglas Cellar in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychological Measurement in Psychology at DePaul University.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
Notes 10/4  Goal Orientations o Mastery approach: to master activity for self  Ability as incremental  Goal is incremental improvement o Mastery Avoid: avoid loss of mastery for self  Ability incremental but avoid loss o Performance Approach: prove competence to others  Ability is fixed  Prove competence to others o Performance Avoid  Ability as fixed  Goal is to avoid demonstrating incompetence (fear of failure is high)  Test Development, Item Analysis, and Fairness o Understanding how a test or measure was developed is critical for interpreting scores and using them o Item analysis is a critical assessment of the characteristics of the items and often relates to the reliability of the measure o Psychometrically sound items resulting in reliable measures is needed for a test to be valid o A valid test is used to make important decisions but it must also be a fair test o Place of test development within the field  Often need to understand how a test was developed in order to understand how to interpret it  A major applied area of psychology  Research almost always uses psychological measures o Place of items within test development  A key technical application assessing the psychometric characteristics of the items  Outline of Steps o Define purpose  What trait/variable are you trying to measure?  focus on scores to be given  type of interpretation intended  type of decisions based on test scores  usually specify the target audience  once defined, see if a test already exists o Preliminary design issues  Issues to be considered  Mode of administration, training  Length  Item format  Number of scores, score report  Background research in the area o Item preparation  Anatomy of a test item 2  Stimulus (stem)  Response format – conditions governing response  Scoring procedures o Item analysis o Standardization and other programs o Prepare final materials  Side notes on widely used tests o Most address a practical need o A number from theoretical base o Much revision, adaptation of existing tests  Types of test items o Selected response (SR)  true/false, multiple choice, forced choice  Likert, semantic differential  Scoring  correct/incorrect  in a certain direction  corrections, weightings o Constructed response (CR)  essay, performance  oral, projective, etc  Scoring: a major issue  Inter-scorer reliability, need conceptual scheme 3  Some methods – holistic, analytic, point system  Automated scoring – a major development  Examples of conceptual schemes – what precisely will you look at (e.g. Rorschach, TAT)  SR vs. CR o Pros of SR:  Scoring reliability  Temporal efficiency  Scoring efficiency o Pros of CR:  Observing behavior  Covering unusual areas  Possible effects of examinees Test Development Statement of Purpose Measuring the correlation between political knowledge and the strength of political opinions, target audience being general population of adults who are planning on voting Mode of Administration Group administered Length About 25 questions 20 true-false political fact questions 5 regarding strength of opinion 4 Scoring Report number of correct true-false, and whether or not they were strong and neutral opinions Administrator Training Can you read, run a timer Background Research Enough basic knowledge about the current political arena If there are any other available tests that measure strength of opinion 5


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