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Chapter 8: Motivation and Emotion - Class Notes

by: Artur Notetaker

Chapter 8: Motivation and Emotion - Class Notes PSY1012

Marketplace > St Petersburg College > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY1012 > Chapter 8 Motivation and Emotion Class Notes
Artur Notetaker
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About this Document

Included is everything that was covered during class for week 8, Motivation and Emotion
General Psychology
Class Notes
Generalphychology, Chapter8, motivation and emotion, #psyc1001 #schell #generalpsychology #psychology #gwu




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Artur Notetaker on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY1012 at St Petersburg College taught by Kerlin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at St Petersburg College.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
Watched Youtube Video: “RSA ANIMATE: The surprising truth about what motivates us” -Evolutionary Explanations of Emotion Charles Darwin: Emotions reflect evolutionary adaptations to problems of survival and reproduction -Fear prompts us to flee an attacker or evade a threat - Anger moves us to turn and fight a rival -Love propels us to seek out a mate and care for our offspring -Disgust prompts us to avoid a sickening stimulus -Emotional displays serve important functions -Inform other organisms about internal state -Move us toward resources and away from danger *Emotion Components: Subjective Experience, Physiological Response, Behavioral or expressive response Watched Powerpoint Video: Sexuallity *Stages of Sex Cycle: Excitement Plateau Orgasm Resolution Emotion in Nonhuman Animals -Darwin believed animals had emotions -Just observing behavior can lead to anthropomorphism Determination of Sexual Orientation: -Not easily categorized -Causes are unknown -Develops at an early age and is resistant to change -Homosexual orientation associated with gender-atypical play in childhood *Basic Needs- Human Potential as a Motivator Self-Actualization: Esteem Needs: Belongingness and Love Needs Safety Needs: Physiological Needs: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: -Self Actualization: Person's full use and exploitation of talents capacities, and potentialities.” Critiques: -Vague and almost impossible to define in a way that would allow it to be tested scientifically Deci and Ryan's Self-Determination Theory: Autonomy:To determine, control, and organize one’s own behavior and goals so that you are in harmony with one’s own interests and values. Relatedness: Need to feel attached to others and experience senses of belonging, security, and intimacy. Competence: Collectivist Cultures and Individualistic Cultures: -Individualistic cultures focus on personal, individual success, rather than success of group; is closely linked to success in competitive tasks. Collectivistic Emotion Vs. Mood: -Emotion: A complex psychological state that involves a subjective experience, a physiological response, and a behavioral or expressive response. -Mode: ​a temporary state of mind or feeling. What is facial feedback hypothesis? Facial Expression of emotion creates subjective experience of the emotion What are display rules in the culture displayed? -Facial expressions for the basic emotions seem to be universal across different cultures. James Lange’s Emotion Theory -We perceive a stimulus -Physiological and behavioral changes occur -We experience these changes as a particular emotion Shapter Singer: Labeling Feelings Sympathetic vs Parasympathetic *Cognitive Mediational Theory: ​Cognitive mediational theory was proposed by American psychologist Richard Lazarus (1922-2002). This theory attempts to explain the relationship between cognition, emotion, and stress and focuses on the role of "appraisal". Extra Credit: Write a one page about “What goal do you want to achieve in this class through motivation”, using the methods at the end of the chapter.


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